Northern Cape Nature Conservation Act, 2009 (Act 9 of 2009)

Northern Cape Provincial Gazette no. 1374
This is the latest version of this legislation commenced on 21 Jan 2010.
Northern Cape

South Africa

Northern Cape Nature Conservation Act, 2009

Act 9 of 2009


ACTTo provide for the sustainable utilisation of wild animals, aquatic biota and plants; to provide for the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; to provide for offences and penalties for contravention of the Act; to provide for the appointment of nature conservators to implement the provisions of the Act; to provide for the issuing of permits and other authorisations; and to provide for matters connected therewith.BE IT ENACTED by the Northern Cape Provincial Legislature, as follows:-


Chapter 1
Interpretation and definitions

1. Interpretation

(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise indicates -"adequately enclosed", in relation to land, means enclosed by -(a)a fence, wall or obstruction of any kind whatsoever forming an enclosure from which any wild animal of a species specified in a permit issued in terms of section 24 is unable to escape without breaking it;(b)a natural boundary through or over which any wild animal of a species so specified will not pass under normal circumstances; or(c)a combination of fences, walls, obstructions or boundaries referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) so that any wild animal of a species so specified cannot escape from such land and "sufficiently enclosed" has a similar meaning;"agricultural land" means land falling outside the boundaries of a township;"angle" means the catching of fish in an aquatic system by means of a line and hook, whether or not any rod, bait or lure is used, or by means of a set line, and includes any such attempt or assistance, but does not include the catching of fish in such waters by jigging or snatching it;"animal" includes the whole animal, as well as the ova or sperm thereof and any other propagule thereof or any part of the animal, whether dead or alive, and "fauna" has a corresponding meaning;"aquatic growth" means vegetation which grows or is able to grow in an aquatic system;"aquatic system" -(a)means an area associated with rivers, streams, vleis, sponges, wetlands, creeks, lakes, pans or any other natural or man-made water impoundment; and(b)includes such area whether wet or dry;(c)means all waters which do not permanently or at any time during the year form part of the sea and includes a tidal river;"artificial lure" means a device which by its simulation of life or by its appearance or colour is designed or likely to delude, entice or attract a fish into seizing such device;"breed", in relation to wild animals, means where individuals of a specific species are permanently kept in captivity for the sole purpose of producing offspring;"buy" includes barter or exchange;"cage" means a place (including a pool of water), structure or other thing that has been closed or fenced in in any manner for the purpose of keeping an animal in captivity, whether it is -(a)closed or fenced in over the top or not; or(b)moveable or immoveable;"captivity", in relation to an animal, means the keeping within an enclosure by means of any fence, wall or obstruction of any kind whatsoever in such a way that such animal is unable -(a)to maintain itself by natural means; or(b)to escape;"capture", in relation to an animal, means by any means whatsoever to capture, to catch or to take alive without killing the animal and includes an attempt or pursuit with the intent to capture, to catch or to take the animal alive;"carcass", in relation to an animal, means the whole or any part of the meat (whether dried, smoked, salted, cured or treated in any manner), the head, ear, tooth, horns, shell, scale, tusks, bones, feathers, tail, claw, paw, nail, hoof, skin, hide, hair, viscera or any part whatsoever of the carcass, and includes the egg;"cast net" means a net (also known as an umbrella-net or throw-net) with or without weights on the perimeter thereof which is cast on water so that it opens and sinks in the water;"catch", in relation to fish, includes any means or method of taking (whether alive or dead), injuring, immobilising or killing or attempting to take, injure, immobilise or kill, or to pursue or wilfully disturb or poison;"CITES" means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Washington, 1973;"common indigenous animal" means a species of indigenous wild animal listed in Schedule 3;"common indigenous fish" means a species of indigenous fish listed in Schedule 3;"common indigenous plant" means a species of indigenous plant listed in Schedule 3;"Constitution" means the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996;"crab net" means a net (also known as a ring-net) made of wire or any other material of which the opening is attached to a frame, whether or not any bait or lure is placed in such net, but does not include a landing net;"cull" -(a)means an operation executed by a nature conservator or other person designated by the landowner to kill a specific number of specimens of a wild animal species within the area in order to manage that species in the area; or(b)in relation to a specimen of a wild animal species which has escaped from a protected area and has become a threat to life or property, means an operation executed by a nature conservator or other person designated by the Director to kill the animal as a matter of last resort;"cultivate" means the artificial reproduction of plants in any manner whatsoever;"daily bag limit" means the number of any species which may be hunted or caught by angling as determined by this Act;"damage-causing animal" means an animal declared to be a damage-causing animal listed in Schedule 4;"day" means the period commencing half an hour before sunrise and ending half an hour after sunset on the same day;"Department" means the Department responsible for nature conservation in the Province;"derivative", in relation to a wild animal, plant or other organism, means any part, tissue or extract of an animal, plant or other organism, whether fresh, preserved or processed;"dip-and-ship" means the chemical treatment, dipping or packing of any skin, horn or similar derivative of a wild animal for the purpose of exporting;"Director" means the head of the unit responsible for nature conservation within the Department;"domestic animal" means a pet or stock, but not a wild animal;"ecosystem" means a dynamic complex of animal, plant or micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit;"educational facility" means the use of any species for the purpose of creating conservation awareness;"Executive Council" means the Executive Council of the Province, contemplated in section 132 of the Constitution;"exotic", in relation to a species, means a species that has not historically occurred naturally in a free state in nature within the borders of the Republic and includes a species that has been introduced in the Republic as a result of human activity;"export", in relation to a wild animal or plant, means any form of shipment, parcel or package consigned from or taken out of the Province or an attempt to consign or take a wild animal or plant, carcass, part or derivative thereof from a position or place inside the borders of the Province to a position or place outside the borders of the Province in any manner whatsoever, including re-export;"extensive wildlife system" means a system that is large enough, and suitable for the management of self-sustaining wildlife populations in a natural environment which requires minimal human intervention in the form of -(a)the provision of water;(b)the supplementation of food, except in times of drought;(c)the control of parasites; or(d)the provision of health care;"feral animal" means a domestic animal or species of such animal which has gone wild and includes a vagrant animal of such species;"firearm" means a firearm as defined in section 1 of the Firearms Control Act, 2000 (Act No. 60 of 2000) and includes an airgun and a muzzle-loader;"fish" means any aquatic fauna, whether indigenous or exotic and whether alive or dead, as well as the ova or sperm thereof, excluding amphibians, reptiles, insects, molluscs, crustaceans, mammals and birds;"full-time employee" means an employee who is employed full-time on a monthly basis and receives a salary or wage which is in accordance with the kind of work done by him or her;"fyke net" means a device made of rings or hoops over which a net, wire or any other material has been spread or which is made of wire only and which has one or more funnel-shaped openings and includes anything which, whether attached to such device or not, is used to guide fish to a funnel-shaped opening in such device;"game farm" means land in relation to which a game farm permit has been issued;"game farm permit" means a permit issued in terms of section 24;"gin-trap" means a leg-hold or foot-hold trap made up of two tightly closing jaws, a spring-and-trigger mechanism, without an off-set jaw or padded jaw that reduces the chance of injury to an animal and complies with any further specification issued by the Director;"hunt", in relation to a wild animal, means by any means, method or device whatsoever to cull, to hunt, to kill, to capture, to collect, to disturb, to follow, to pursue, to search for, to drive, to stampede, to shoot at, to discharge a missile at, to injure, to poison, to lay poison, to set a trap, to lie in wait for, to lure and to wilfully disturb and include any such attempt to assist, guide or escort another person to do any of the aforementioned;"hunting contractor" means a person who assists with, offers or presents to or organises the hunting of a wild animal;"hunting rights" means the right of a landowner to hunt or to allow the hunting of a wild animal in terms of the provisions of this Act, on land of which he or she is the owner;"import", in relation to a wild animal or plant, means any form of shipment, parcel or package consigned to or brought into the Province or any attempt to consign or bring a wild animal or plant, carcass, part or derivative thereof from any position or place outside the borders of the Province to any position or place inside the borders of the Province in any manner whatsoever, including re-import;"indigenous" means a species that occurs, or has historically occurred, naturally in a free state in nature within the borders of the Republic, but excludes a species that has been introduced in the Republic as a result of human activity;"indigenous fish" means a fish of which the natural distribution range is the aquatic systems within the boundaries of the Province;"introduce", in relation to a species, means the introduction by humans, whether deliberately or accidentally, of a species to a place outside the natural range or natural dispersal potential of that species;"invasive species" means a species listed as such in Schedule 6;"jig" means the catching of fish by the jerking of a hook in water with the intention of impaling fish;"keep", in relation to a wild animal, means to keep alive, to keep in captivity, to exercise control over or to supervise;"landing net" means a hand held net attached to a frame which is used for lifting a fish caught by angling out of the water;"landowner" means -(a)in relation to land -(i)the person registered as the owner thereof in a deeds registry;(ii)where the legal title thereto is vested in an association of persons, whether corporate or non-corporate, the person designated in writing as the owner thereof by such association;(iii)the bona fide purchaser thereof prior to the registration of the deed of transfer in his or her name, but after the contract of sale has been concluded, to the exclusion of the person contemplated in paragraph (i);(iv)in the case of land under the control or management of a municipality, the municipality concerned;(v)in the case of State land not under the control or management of a municipality, the National Minister or Member of the Executive Council of the Province, having control or management thereof or any officer designated for the purpose by such Minister or Member of the Executive Council;(vi)in the case of land not occupied by the owner as contemplated in subparagraph (i), the person who is in actual occupation of the land, who exercises general control over such land and who has been authorised in writing by the owner as contemplated in the said subparagraph to exercise the rights conferred on a landowner by this Act;(vii)where the owner as contemplated in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (vi) is dead or insolvent or has assigned his or her estate for the benefit of his or her creditors or has been placed under curatorship by order of court or is a company being wound up or under judicial management, the person in whom the administration of such land is vested as executor, responsible Member, trustee, assignee, curator, lawful heir, liquidator or judicial manager, as the case may be;(viii)that is tribal land, the tribal chief; and(b)in relation to waters on privately owned land, the owner as contemplated by paragraph (a) of the land on which the waters concerned are situated or which abuts on such waters;"licence" means a licence issued under this Act;"lure" means to entice a wild animal by offering something tempting by using any device, sound or smell that attracts its attention;"municipality" means a municipality established in terms of section 155(6) of the Constitution;"nature conservator" means a nature conservator appointed in terms of section 65;"net" means a drop-net, fyke net, cast net, crab net, landing net, staked net or trek net;"night" means the period commencing half an hour after sunset on any day and ending half an hour before sunrise on the following day;"noxious aquatic growth" means a species of aquatic growth listed as such in Schedule 6 and includes species as defined in the applicable Schedules of the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act No. 43 of 1983);"permit" means a permit issued under this Act;"pet" means a pet listed as such in Schedule 5;"pick" includes to collect, to cut, to chop off, to take, to gather, to pluck, to uproot, to break, to damage or to destroy;"plant" includes the whole plant, flower, seed cone, fruit, bulb, tuber, stem, root or any other propagule thereof or any part of the plant, whether dead or dried, and "flora" has a corresponding meaning;"poison" means any poison, preparation or chemical substance used to catch, immobilise, sterilise, anaesthetize, kill or physically harm a wild animal or plant;"poison collar" means a collar with one or more sealed compartments filled with fluoroacetic acid (mono), the salts and derivatives of which in an aqueous solution contains no more than one per cent of the substance in question, for the control of damage-causing animals;"poison-firing apparatus" means a device that propels a projectile or chemical when triggered and is able to kill, injure or immobilise a wild animal;"possess", in relation to an animal or the carcass thereof or a plant, means to know of the presence of and to have physical control over any such animal or carcass thereof or any such plant, or to have the power and intention to exercise physical control over any such animal or carcass thereof or any such plant;"premises" includes land, any building, structure or dwelling, whether movable, temporary or otherwise, or any vehicle, conveyance, vessel or aircraft;"prescribed" means prescribed by regulation;"private use" means use other than trade;"professional hunter" means a person who assists, conducts a hunt, acts as a guide to, or offers or agrees to escort or accompany any person in order to enable such person to hunt a wild animal;"protected animal" means a species of wild animal listed as such in Schedule 2;"protected fish" means a fish listed in Schedule 2;"protected plant" means a species of plant listed as such in Schedule 2;"Province" means the Northern Cape Province as referred to in section 103 of the Constitution;"public road" means a public road as defined in section 1 of the National Road Traffic Act, 1996 (Act No. 93 of 1996);"rehabilitate", in relation to a wild animal, means an individual of a specific species temporarily being kept in captivity for the sole purpose of rehabilitating (prepare, condition, train and restore) an orphaned, injured or ailing animal back to its original condition for release in its natural habitat;"relative", in relation to the owner of land, means the spouse, parent, step-parent, adoptive parent, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, child, stepchild, adopted child, brother, sister or grandchild of such owner;"responsible Member" means the Member of the Executive Council responsible for nature conservation in the Province;"sell" includes to hawk, to peddle, to barter or to exchange or to offer, to advertise, to expose, to exhibit, to display, or to have in possession for the purpose of sale, hawking, peddling, bartering or exchanging;"set gun" means a man-made device that automatically fires off any form of firearm by setting off a trigger mechanism not manipulated directly or indirectly by any person;"set line" means a line and hook with or without any bait or lure which, when used for catching fish, is fastened to anything or is not manipulated directly or indirectly by any person, but does not include a line and hook attached to a reel and rod lying loose on or fixed into the ground;"snare" means a noose of rope, string or wire or any other material which can be used for capturing any animal;"specially protected animal" means any animal listed as such in Schedule 1;"specially protected fish" means a fish listed in Schedule 1;"specially protected plant" means any plant listed as such in Schedule 1;"species" means a kind of animal, plant or other organism and includes any sub-species, cultivar, variety, strain or hybrid thereof;"specimen" means -(a)any living or dead animal, plant or other organism;(b)a seed, sperm, ovum, egg, gamete or propagule or part of an animal, plant or other organism capable of propagation or reproduction of or transferring genetic traits in any way;(c)any derivative of any animal, plant or other organism; or(d)any goods which -(i)contain a derivative of an animal, plant or other organism; or(ii)from an accompanying document, from the packaging or mark or label, or from any other indications, appear to be or to contain a derivative of an animal, plant or other organism;"staked net" means a net (also known as a set net, gill-net or drift-net), with or without weights or floats, which is set upright in water with the intention of causing fish to become caught or entangled therein, whether or not such net drifts or is attached to anything;"stock" means a horse, mule, ass, bull, cow, ox, heifer, calf, sheep, goat, pig, domesticated ostrich or poultry;"sustainable", in relation to the use of a biological resource, means the use of such resource in a way and at a rate that -(a)would not lead to its long-term decline;(b)would not disrupt the ecological integrity of the ecosystem in which it occurs; and(c)would ensure its continued use to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations of people;"taxidermist" means a person that prepares or mounts a skin, horn or other derivative of a wild animal;"this Act" includes a regulation or notice made or issued thereunder;"township" means a township as defined in section 1 of the Subdivision of Agricultural Land Act, 1981 (Act No. 68 of 1981);"trade" means to buy or to sell, to receive, to give, to accept as a gift or to donate, or to acquire or dispose of in any way by any means or method whatsoever;"transport" means to convey, to move or otherwise to translocate by any means or method whatsoever;"trap" means a trap, spring trap, gin-trap, cage, net, pitfall, capture boma, holding pen or birdlime and any other device, means or method whatsoever which can be used or adapted for the capture of wild animals;"trap cage" means a cage with a trap door or doors and mechanism -(a)which is used to catch or capture animals; and(b)which complies with the provisions of any specification issued by the Director;"trek net" means a net (also known as a seine, bait seine, drag-net or bait trek net), with or without weights or floats, which is moved through water in an upright position with the intention of catching fish;"uproot", in relation to a plant, means to remove an entire plant from its natural substrate or natural growth medium, but does not include a cultivated plant;"vagrant dog" means a dog which trespasses on land and, while thus trespassing, is not under the supervision of its owner or a person authorised by such owner;"vermin hunter" is a person who offers his or her services to hunt damage-causing animals, whether or not for commercial gain;"vessel" includes a canoe, lighter, floating platform, decked boat, carrier vessel, vessel equipped with an inboard or outboard motor or any other water-borne craft or boat, whether self-propelled or not;"waters" includes a river, stream, creek, lake, vlei, pan, lagoon, dam, reservoir, furrow or pond, whether the water therein is fresh or saline, and includes the foreshore and bank thereof and any part of such waters;"waters on privately owned land" means a dam, reservoir, vlei or other inland waters completely surrounded by land owned by one owner;"weapon" includes an instrument which is capable of killing, injuring or immobilising a wild animal and includes a firearm, ammunition, snare, trap, trap cage, gin-trap, net, birdlime, spear, assegai, bow-and-arrow, axe, bush knife, knife, catapult or similar object and any poison or narcotic whatsoever;"wild animal" means a live vertebrate or invertebrate animal, whether indigenous or exotic, and the egg or spawn of such animal and includes any such animal which is kept or has been born and hatched in captivity, with the exclusion of a domestic animal;"wildlife capturer or translocator" means a person that captures or conveys a wild animal or a specimen of a terrestrial vertebrate species for commercial purposes on behalf of another person and includes trading, buying, selling or temporary possession of such specimen;"wildlife operator" means any of the persons referred to in section 27(1); and"zoological facility" means a facility where individuals not limited to any group of species is kept in captivity for either the survival of a rare or endangered species, breeding, rehabilitation or for structured professional educational programmes and registered research projects with the primary role of increasing public conservation awareness, affection and knowledge about wild animals.
(2)In this Act, words or expressions derived from words or expressions defined in subsection (1), have corresponding meanings, unless the context indicates that another meaning is intended.

2. Interpretation of certain words for the purposes of Chapter 2

For the purposes of Chapter 2, the term "animal" or "wild animal" does not include "fish".

Chapter 2
Sustainable utilisation of wild anamals

Part 1 – Restricted activities

3. Restricted activities involving specially protected animals

No person may, without a permit -

(a)hunt;
(b)import;
(c)export;
(d)transport;
(e)keep;
(f)possess;
(g)breed; or
(h)trade in,

a specimen of a specially protected animal.

4. Restricted activities involving protected animals

Subject to the provisions of sections 5, 6, 7 and 8, no person may, without a permit -

(a)hunt;
(b)import;
(c)export;
(d)transport;
(e)keep;
(f)breed; or
(g)trade in,

a specimen of a protected animal.

Part 2 – Hunting

5. Hunting of protected animals

(1)No person may, without a permit, hunt a protected animal, but -
(a)a landowner may hunt a protected animal without a hunting licence during a hunting season on the land of which he or she is the owner;
(b)a relative or full-time employee of a landowner contemplated in paragraph (a) may-
(i)with the written permission contemplated in section 14; and
(ii)during a hunting season, hunt a protected animal on land of the landowner without a hunting licence;
(c)with the written permission contemplated in section 14, any other person who is the holder of a valid hunting licence for the Province may hunt a protected animal on the land of the landowner during a hunting season.
(2)During a hunting season or a period other than a hunting season and upon the written application of the landowner, a permit may be issued -
(a)to the landowner;
(b)to any other person indicated by the landowner in the application,

which authorises the holder of the permit to hunt the number, sex and species of a protected animal referred to in the permit on the land of the landowner.

6. Hunting seasons

(1)No person may hunt a protected animal, except during a hunting season declared in terms of subsection (2) and subject to the provisions of the notice declaring the hunting season.
(2)The responsible Member may, for the Province, by notice in the Provincial Gazette, declare hunting seasons for the hunting of wild animals.
(3)The notice contemplated in subsection (2) must provide for -
(a)the period in any year during which wild animals may be hunted;
(b)the categories of person that may hunt wild animals;
(c)the number, species and sex of wild animals that may be hunted; and
(d)the areas in which those wild animals may be hunted.
(4)The prohibition set out in subsection (1) does not apply to -
(a)a person hunting on land in respect of which a game farm permit has been issued;
(b)the holder of a permit to hunt the protected animal.

7. Hunting licences

(1)Except where otherwise provided in this Act, no person may hunt a protected animal if he or she does not hold a valid hunting licence for the Province.
(2)The prohibition set out in subsection (1) does not apply to -
(a)a person hunting on land in respect of which a game farm permit has been issued; or
(b)the holder of a permit to hunt the protected animal.

8. Hunting of wild animals in excess of daily bag limit

No person may, unless he or she is the holder of a permit, at any time hunt a greater number of any species of wild animal than the daily bag limit determined by the notice contemplated in section 6(2).

9. Prohibited hunting methods or instruments

(1)Without limiting the meaning of the word "hunt", no person may, unless he or she is the holder of a permit and subject to the conditions set out in the permit, hunt a wild animal -
(a)by means of fire;
(b)by means of poison;
(c)by means of a vehicle or aircraft;
(d)during the night;
(e)with the aid of an artificial light, floodlight or spotlight;
(f)by means of a trap or pitfall
(g)by means of a trap cage;
(h)by means of a gin-trap;
(i)by means of a wire or rope snare or similar device;
(j)by means of an airgun;
(k)by means of a firearm which discharges a rim-fire cartridge of a 5.56 mm (.22 inch) caliber or smaller caliber;
(l)by means of a firearm which discharges more than two shots without being manually reloaded;
(m)by means of a hand-gun or muzzleloader;
(n)by means of a firearm fitted with a silencer or similar noise-reduction device;
(o)by means of a set gun, poison-firing apparatus or any similar device;
(p)by means of darting or a device which injects an intoxicating or a narcotic agent or poison into such animal;
(q)which is kept in captivity, confined to a cage, in an enclosure or trapped against a fence where it does not have a fair chance of evading the hunter;
(r)which is under the influence of a tranquilising or narcotic immobilising or similar agent;
(s)by the use of a dog, except for the hunting, flushing, pointing or retrieving of birds, or for the purpose of searching or following the animal which has been wounded;
(t)in the case of a bird, in or upon any aquatic systems, by the use of a boat for the purpose of chasing or killing the bird;
(u)by means of setting a set trap, set gun, poison firing apparatus or snare within 10 meters from a common boundary;
(v)by luring or by means of a simulation or recording of the natural sound made by an animal or by means of bait or scent or any other induced luring method;
(w)in an area smaller than the set standard of 400 hectares;
(x)by any other device of which the use could result in injuring or killing an animal in a way which is not an acceptable humane hunting method;
(y)by means of any terrestrial animal or bird of prey;
(z)by means of a bow-and-arrow, crossbow, speargun or similar device discharging an arrow or dart;
(aa)by means of a blowpipe, catapult or similar device; or
(bb)by means of a spear, kierrie, stick or any similar device, but-
(i)in respect of a rodent, excluding a porcupine and springhare, the provisions of paragraphs (b), (d), (e), (f), (g), (m), (q) and (w) do not apply;
(ii)in respect of any wild animal hunted by a registered veterinary surgeon in the practice of his or her profession, the provisions of paragraph (p),(q) (r) and (w) do not apply;
(iii)in respect of a common indigenous animal that is a bird not listed in Schedule 1 or 2, the provisions of paragraphs (j) and (k) do not apply;
(iv)in respect of a damage-causing animal contemplated in section 28, the provisions of paragraphs (d), (e), (g), (p), (q), (r), and (v) do not apply; or
(v)in respect of a wild animal hunted by a person hunting with the written permission contemplated in section 14, the provisions of paragraphs (m) and (n) do not apply.
(2)The provisions of subsection (1)(s) do not exempt the owner of the dog or the person in control of a dog, from liability for damage caused by such dog in respect of non-targeted animals on someone else's land.
(3)The provisions of subsection (1)(c) do not preclude, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the use of a motor vehicle for the hunting of a wild animal by the owner of the land or any other person who is a holder of the written permission contemplated in section 14.
(4)The responsible Member may, if he or she is convinced that it is in the public interest, set aside, by notice in the Provincial Gazette, any of the prohibitions referred to in subsection (1) -
(a)for a species of wild animal;
(b)for a period; or
(c)in the area, mentioned in the notice.

10. Hunting with certain minimum-caliber firearms

(1)No person may, unless he or she is the holder of a permit -
(a)use a firearm having a barrel with a caliber of less than 6.85 mm (.270 of an inch) to hunt eland, kudu, blue wildebeest, black wildebeest, gemsbok, red hartebeest, roan antelope, sable antelope, Burchell's zebra, Cape mountain zebra, Hartmann's mountain zebra, nyala, or water buck; or
(b)use a firearm having a barrel with a caliber of less than 9.52 mm (.375 of an inch) to hunt buffalo, elephant, lion, leopard, rhinoceros, giraffe or hippopotamus.
(2)When any person has wounded or has presumably wounded an animal mentioned in subsection 1(b), without successfully killing or retrieving the animal, he or she shall report it within 24 hours at the police station or the office of the nature conservator nearest to the place where such animal was wounded or was presumably wounded.
(3)No person may hunt -
(a)an elephant;
(b)a rhinoceros;
(c)a hippopothamus;
(d)a crocodile;
(e)a lion;
(f)a leopard; or
(g)a hyena,

by means of a bow-and-arrow or similar device.

11. Hunting from a public road

No person may, without a permit, hunt any wild animal on or from a public road.

12. Hunting, receipt, possession, acquisition or handling of a wild animal

(1)No person may, on land of which he or she is not the owner, hunt a wild animal or pick up or remove the animal or the carcass of the animal from the land without the written permission contemplated in section 14.
(2)No person may pick up or remove a wild animal not hunted, captured or caught lawfully, unless he or she has obtained prior written permission of the owner of the land on which animal was found.
(3)No person may -
(a)receive a dead wild animal knowing that it was not hunted or acquired lawfully;
(b)possess a dead wild animal in respect of which there is a reasonable suspicion that it was not hunted or acquired lawfully and be unable to give a satisfactory account of such possession; or
(c)acquire or receive into his or her possession or handle a dead wild animal without having reasonable cause to believe, at the time of such acquisition, receipt or handling, that the wild animal was hunted or acquired lawfully.

13. Presence of landowners, observers and assistants

(1)A person hunting in the presence of the landowner on whose land the hunt takes place, may hunt without the written permission contemplated in section 14.
(2)The provisions of section 12 do not apply to a person not in possession of a weapon and who does not actively assist or participate with the hunting and -
(a)in the presence of the landowner, is an observer where a wild animal is legally being hunted by the landowner or any other person;
(b)in the absence of the landowner, is an observer, assistant or beater where a wild animal is legally being hunted by any other person with the written permission contemplated in section 14; or
(c)a nature conservator in the performance of his or her functions in terms of this Act or any other law.

14. Written permission by the landowner

(1)A landowner may hunt or give permission to any other person to hunt, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, any wild animal or feral animal on the land of the landowner and to remove the hunted animal or the carcass of the animal from the land.
(2)No permission granted in terms of subsection (1) is valid unless it is given beforehand, reduced to writing and reflects -
(a)the full name and residential address of the landowner;
(b)the full name and residential address of the person to whom it is granted;
(c)the number, sex and species of the wild animal;
(d)the date or period in respect of which it is granted;
(e)the farm name, farm number and magisterial district in respect of which it is granted;
(f)the signature and date on which the document was signed by the 1andowner;
(g)the signature and date on which the document was signed by the person to whom the written permission was granted; and
(h)the permit number, if applicable.
(3)The holder of a written permission contemplated in subsection (1), must carry the document on his or her person at all times, while hunting, removing or being in possession of such animal.
(4)A landowner may not allow the hunting of an animal on his or her land without the written permission contemplated in subsection (1).
(5)The written permission referred to in subsection (1) may be combined with the document referred to in section 15.

15. Document pertaining to donation, sale and removal

(1)No person may donate, sell, remove or allow to be removed a wild animal or the carcass of such animal to any other person unless, when he or she delivers the animal or carcass of the animal to the other person, he or she furnishes that person with a written document signed by him or her, reflecting -
(a)the full name and residential address of the owner;
(b)the full name and residential address of the person to whom it is granted;
(c)the number, sex and species of the wild animal;
(d)the date or period in respect of which it is granted;
(e)the farm name, farm number and magisterial district in respect of which it is granted;
(f)a statement by the owner that he or she has donated or sold the animal or carcass to such other person;
(g)the signature and date on which the document was signed by the owner;
(h)the signature and date on which the document was signed by the person to whom the document is granted; and
(i)the permit number, if applicable.
(2)In so far as this section relates to the selling or donation of a wild animal or the carcass of a wild animal originating from a hunt, the number of the hunting licence or permit, if applicable, the date of the hunt and the full particulars of the hunter as contemplated in section 14(2)(b), must also be reflected on the document.
(3)The document referred to in subsection (1) may be combined with the document referred to in section 14, only if it reflects the contents as set out in subsections (1) and (2).

16. Transfer of hunting and other rights

(1)The Director may authorize -
(a)a landowner who holds a game farm permit issued in terms of section 24; or
(b)any other landowner, in writing and subject to the conditions that he or she may determine, to transfer, temporarily or permanently, in part or in total -
(i)in the case of a landowner contemplated in paragraph (a), the rights set out in section 25; and
(ii)in the case of a landowner contemplated in paragraph (b), the rights vested in a landowner in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
(2)In the application of the provisions of this Act, any person to whom a right contemplated in subsection (1) has been transferred is deemed to be the landowner in question as from the date of such transfer and, in the case of a temporary transfer, for the duration of the period concerned, for the purpose of this Act.

Part 3 – General

17. Keeping of wild animals in captivity

(1)No person may, unless he or she is the holder of a permit -
(a)keep any wild animal in captivity; or
(b)restrain any wild animal by means of a rope, cord, chain or any similar device.
(2)The provisions of subsection (1) do not apply to a pet species.

18. Release of certain wild animals

(1)No person may, without a permit, import, transport or release from captivity any exotic wild animal in the Province.
(2)No person may release a damage-causing animal without the written permission of the landowner on whose property the animal is to be released.
(3)No person may, without a permit, release an indigenous wild animal that has been kept in captivity.
(4)For the purpose of interpretation of the words "written permission" in subsection (2), the provisions of section 14 apply, read with the changes required by the context.

19. Manipulation of boundary fences

No person may -

(a)erect, alter, remove or partly remove or cause to be erected, altered, removed or partly removed, a fence, whether on a common boundary or on such person's own property, in such a manner that a wild animal which as a result thereof gains access or may gain access to the property or a camp on the property, cannot escape or is likely not to be able to escape therefrom;
(b)heap up or cause to be heaped up soil or any other material on one side of a fence, whether on a common boundary or on such person's own property, or remove or cause to be removed soil or any other material on one side of a fence in a manner that such heaping up or such removal has the effect of reducing or increasing the height, as the case may be, of the fence on one side, to the effect that any wild animal which as a result thereof gains access or may gain access to the property or a camp on such property, can not escape or is likely not to be able to escape therefrom; or
(c)entice a wild animal to enter premises or facilitate easy access to such premises and then discourage or prevent the animal by means of any device or method to leave the premises.

20. Placing of poison

(1)Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), read with section 29, no person may place or cause or allow poison to be placed in a manner or in a place where it is likely to be assimilated or ingested by an animal.
(2)The provisions of subsection (1) do not preclude any person from placing poison for the purpose of exterminating insects or rodents, with due observance of the provisions of any law governing the use of the applicable poison.
(3)No person may use poison for a purpose or in a manner other than as specified on the original container thereof or on the original label on the original container thereof.

21. Entering land with weapons and conveyance of firearms

(1)No person may enter land or be on land where wild animals are found or are likely to be found, while he or she is in the possession of a weapon, unless such person has a lawful reason to do so or has beforehand obtained the written permission from the landowner of the land concerned.
(2)No person may convey a firearm on a public road traversing land on which wild animals are found or are likely to be found, but -
(a)the landowner or any person who is authorised in terms of this Act to hunt or capture a wild animal may convey a firearm on the land of the landowner;
(b)any person may on such road convey -
(i)a handgun with a barrel, excluding the chamber, not longer than 100 mm; or
(ii)any other firearm whereof the barrel, bolt, chamber, tube or magazine is not loaded and which is contained in a thoroughly closed gun bag, gun case or gun holster specifically designed and made to legally carry the firearm.
(3)For the purpose of subsection (2), "hand-gun" means a revolver or pistol intended for self-defence and designed or suited for carrying in a holster on the body of a person.

22. Prohibitions regarding carcasses of wild animals

(1)No person may, without a permit, be in possession of the carcass of a wild animal, unless -
(a)in the event of the animal having been hunted by such person on the land of any other person, he or she is in possession of the written permission contemplated in section 14;
(b)in the event of such person having acquired the carcass from any other person, he or she is in possession of a written document contemplated in section 14 or 15, as the case may be;
(c)such person can provide a valid receipt to such legal procurement; or
(d)in the event of such person having acquired the carcass by any other means, he or she is in possession of a written authorisation by the Director to be in possession of the animal or carcass.
(2)No carcass of a wild animal may be sold by any person other than -
(a)the owner of the land on which the wild animal concerned was hunted in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
(b)a person who has legally obtained such wild animal and has documentary proof as contemplated in section 14 or 15; or
(c)a person authorised by a permit issued under this Act, to sell such carcass.

23. Auctioning of certain wild animals

(1)No person may, without a permit, advertise, trade, buy, sell, keep or dispose of any wild animal by means of an auction.
(2)An auctioneer who conducts an auction contemplated in subsection (1), must, subject to the conditions set out in the permit -
(a)keep a register in the format determined by the Director, on all wild animals which -
(i)have been traded, advertised, bought, sold, kept, exchanged, bartered or disposed of by the auctioneer; and
(ii)have died at the auction;
(b)when he or she delivers to any other person a wild animal which has been auctioned, furnish such other person with a written document contemplated in section 15; and
(c)make such register available to the Director on request.
(3)No person may receive a wild animal in terms of this section, unless the auctioneer has provided him or her with the document contemplated in subsection 2(b).
(4)Any person who receives a wild animal in terms of this section, must carry the document contemplated in subsection (1), (2)(b) or (5), as the case may be, with him or her when he or she transports such wild animal and must retain such document in his or her possession for the period during which such wild animal is being transported or is in his or her possession.
(5)Any person who receives a wild animal in terms of this section, must obtain the necessary permit contemplated in section 26 from the appropriate provincial issuing authority before such person may transport, import or export such wild animal.

24. Game farm permit

(1)Any landowner on whose property wild animals are found, may apply in writing to the Director for a game farm permit in respect of the whole or any portion of such land.
(2)An application made in terms of subsection (1) must -
(a)include a full description of the land in respect of which application is made, including but not limited to proof of ownership, the farm name, farm number, magisterial district, the farm's boundaries and size and habitat certification by the applicant reflecting the current state of the vegetation thereon;
(b)state the species of wild animal to which the application relates, the estimated number of such species that are in an extensive wildlife system and the number of such species that are in captivity on the land referred to in paragraph (a);
(c)set out the grounds on which the land in question is considered to be adequately enclosed; and
(d)set out the activities applied for.
(3)For the purpose of deciding on the application, the Director may require the applicant to furnish him or her with any additional information he or she may consider necessary or relevant.
(4)If the Director -
(a)having regard to the size of the land in respect of which application has been made under subsection (1), the number of the species of wild animal normally found on the land to which such application relates and such other circumstances as he or she may consider relevant, is of the opinion that the animals in question are in effect being kept in captivity, or is kept within an area that does not constitute an extensive wildlife system, he or she must refuse the application;
(b)is satisfied that such land is adequately enclosed in relation to such species, he or she may grant the application and, subject to the conditions he or she may consider necessary or relevant, issue the permit.
(5)A game farm permit -
(a)is valid for the period specified therein; and
(b)may be withdrawn by the Director if the landowner fails to comply with or contravenes any of the conditions subject to which the permit was issued.
(6)Subject to section 16, a game farm permit issued in terms of this section lapses upon the transfer or lease of the land or any portion of such land in respect of which it was issued.
(7)Any valid certificate of adequate enclosure issued in terms of section 35 of the Nature and Environmental Conservation Ordinance, 1974 (Ordinance No. 19 of 1974), prior to the repeal of that Ordinance by section 73 of this Act, is deemed to be a game farm permit issued in terms of this section and any such certificate remains valid for the period stated therein.

25. Rights of holder of game farm permit and certain other persons

(1)Any landowner to whom a game farm permit has been issued, a relative of the landowner, a full-time employee of the landowner acting under the authority of the landowner and any other person acting with the written permission contemplated in section 14, may, subject to any condition specified in the game farm permit and on the land in respect of which the game farm permit was issued, hunt -
(a)any number of the species of wild animal authorised in such permit;
(b)during any time of the year;
(c)at any time during the day or night;
(d)by the use of an artificial light;
(e)by the use of any hunting method or instrument authorised by the permit.
(2)The holder of a game farm permit may, subject to the conditions set out in the permit -
(a)capture;
(b)keep in captivity for no more than 30 days; and
(c)trade in,

any wild animal or the carcass of the animal of the species authorised in the permit.

26. Prohibitions regarding wild animals

(1)No person may, without a permit, import into, export from or transport in the Province any wild animal, but a consignment in transit through the Province does not require a permit, on the condition that -
(a)no wild animal is off-loaded in the Province; and
(b)the consignment is accompanied by the relevant permits from the province of origin and the province of destinations.
(2)A person to whom a permit has been issued in terms of this Act to keep or transport a live wild animal or to capture a wild animal, must comply with the standards of the South African Bureau of Standards in terms of the Standards Act, 1993 (Act No. 29 of 1993), relating to capture, keeping and transport of wild animals, while carrying out such a transport or capture.
(3)No person may keep or transport a wild animal in conditions -
(a)which are unhygienic; or
(b)in which the animal -
(i)may be injured or otherwise impaired; or
(ii)suffer unnecessarily.
(4)A nature conservator may -
(a)issue a written instruction to a person who captures, keeps or transports a wild animal in contravention of subsection (2) or (3), or a person who has physical control of the animal, to follow the steps to rectify the matter within the indicated time;
(b)issue instructions to a person contemplated in paragraph (a) concerning the manner in which the animal must be captured, kept, transported or otherwise treated;
(c)remove the animal from the custody of a person contemplated in paragraph (a) without compensation if it is considered necessary to prevent injury, impairment, suffering or death of the animal; or
(d)keep, treat or release in a suitable environment an animal removed from the custody of a person in terms of paragraph (c).

Chapter 3
Wildlife operations

27. Wildlife operators and facilities

(1)No person may, without a permit, act as -
(a)a professional hunter;
(b)a hunting contractor;
(c)a director of a professional hunting school;
(d)a taxidermist;
(e)a dip-and-ship agent;
(f)a wildlife capturer or translocator;
(g)a falconer;
(h)a vermin hunter;
(i)a culling operator;
(j)a training provider or instructor with regard to any of the above occupations.
(2)No person may, without a permit, establish or operate -
(a)a wildlife facility, including a breeding facility, educational facility, zoological facility, nursery, trading facility, rehabilitation facility, sanctuary, or similar institution or enterprise involving any wild plant or animal;
(b)a curio shop which sells products making use of any derivative of an indigenous species listed in Schedule 1 or 2;
(c)a business trading in traditional medicine making use of any derivative of an indigenous species listed in Schedule 1 or 2; or
(d)a pet shop which sells any living animal other than an animal listed in Schedule 5.
(3)The requirements to be complied with in a theoretical or practical examinations to be taken, if any, by a person contemplated in subsection (1) or (2), may-
(a)be prescribed; or
(b)from time to time, be determined by the Director.
(4)The Director may exempt a person from any of the provisions of subsection (1) or (2).
(5)The Director may appoint a person to act as examiner, moderator or assessor in any theoretical or practical examination contemplated in subsection (3).

Chapter 4
Damage-causing animals

28. Damage-causing animals

The responsible Member may, by notice in the Provincial Gazette, amend Schedule 4 from time to time after consultation with the Director if, in his or her opinion, such an animal or individual of a species is a damage-causing animal if it is detrimental to any other species of wild animal or any other animal or any property by reason of its prevalence in an area, its mode of living or other characteristic, or is likely to be dangerous to human life or is present in such numbers that agricultural yield is materially depleted.

29. Poisoning of damage-causing animals

(1)A damage-causing animal may be hunted by making use of a poison collar.
(2)A person who uses a poison collar must -
(a)inspect the site where the poison collar is used every day; and
(b)take reasonable steps to retrieve the carcass of a poisoned animal and bury or otherwise effectively destroy it.

30. Prohibited acts relating to damage-causing animals

(1)No person may, without a permit -
(a)breed, keep or possess a damage-causing animal;
(b)import, export or transport a live damage-causing animal;
(c)trade, buy, sell or acquire a damage-causing animal;
(d)use a poison-firing apparatus or similar apparatus to hunt;
(e)own a poison-firing apparatus or similar apparatus or any part thereof.
(2)No person may, without a permit, manufacture, sel1 or offer for sale any poison-firing apparatus or similar apparatus or any component or cartridge thereof.
(3)A person who sets a trap or trap cage to catch a damage-causing animal must inspect the site where the trap or trap cage was set every day after setting such trap.
(4)No person may hang or cause to hang a dead damage-causing animal over a boundary fence and leave it there or exhibit it in public.
(5)Subsection (1)(a), in so far as it prohibits the breeding, keeping or possession of a damage-causing animal, does not apply to a landowner if such animal occurs in its natural habitat without human interference.

31. Destruction of vagrant dogs and feral cats

A nature conservator, landowner or a person authorised by the landowner may destroy a vagrant dog (Canis familiaris) or feral cat (Felis domesticus) found on the land, if such animal is without direct supervision, is hunting, is suspected to be hunting a wild animal or is causing damage to livestock.

Chapter 5
Aquatic biota

32. Restricted activities involving specially protected fish

No person may, without a permit -

(a)angle and not immediately release;
(b)catch;
(c)import;
(d)export;
(e)transport;
(f)keep;
(g)possess;
(h)breed; or
(i)trade in,

a specimen of a specially protected fish.

33. Restricted activities involving protected fish

Subject to the provisions of sections 34, 35, 36 and 37, no person may, without a permit -

(a)angle and not immediately release;
(b)catch;
(c)import;
(d)export;
(e)transport;
(f)keep;
(g)breed; or
(h)trade in,

a specimen of a protected fish.

34. Catching of protected fish

(1)No person may, without a permit, catch a protected fish, but -
(a)a landowner may catch a protected fish without a licence during an angling season in waters on the land of which he or she is the owner;
(b)a relative or full-time employee of a landowner contemplated in paragraph (a) may -
(i)with written permission; and
(ii)during an angling season, catch a protected fish without an angling licence in waters on land of the landowner;
(c)any other person who is the holder of a valid angling licence for the Province may catch a protected fish during an angling season in waters on the land of the landowner, with written permission.
(2)During an angling season or a period other than an angling season and upon the written application of the landowner, a permit may be issued -
(a)to the landowner;
(b)to any other person indicated by the landowner in the application,

which authorises the holder of the permit to catch the number and species of a protected fish referred to in the permit in waters on the land of the landowner.

35. Angling seasons

(1)No person may angle for a protected fish, except during an angling season declared in terms of subsection (2) and subject to the provisions of the notice declaring the angling season.
(2)The responsible Member may declare angling seasons for the angling of protected fish for the Province, by notice in the Provincial Gazette.
(3)The notice contemplated in subsection (2) must provide for -
(a)the period in any year during which protected fish may be caught;
(b)the categories of person that may angle for protected fish;
(c)the number and species of protected fish that may be caught; and
(d)the areas in which the protected fish may be caught.
(4)The prohibition set out in subsection (1) does not apply to a person angling in waters surrounded by land of a single landowner.

36. Angling licences

(1)Except where otherwise provided in this Act, no person may angle in an aquatic system if he or she does not hold a valid angling licence for the Province.
(2)The prohibition set out in subsection (1) does not apply to -
(a)a person angling in waters surrounded by land of a single landowner; or
(b)the holder of a permit.

37. Retaining of fish in excess of daily bag limit

No person may, without a permit -

(a)retain a greater number of any species of fish taken from an aquatic system than the daily bag limit determined in respect of such species by the notice contemplated in section 35; or
(b)retain any fish of a length less than the length determined by that notice in respect of the species of fish.

38. Prohibited ways of catching fish

No person may catch fish without a permit in an aquatic system -

(a)by jigging, snatching or spearing;
(b)by means of a cast net, crab net, staked net, trek net or fyke net;
(c)by means of any device used to guide fish to an opening in such a way that it is difficult for the fish to escape;
(d)by angling by means of -
(i)more than two lines;
(ii)more than two single hooks attached to any line;
(iii)a set line or a long line with more than two single hooks attached thereto; or
(iv)with more than two artificial lures attached to any line, in which case a double or treble hook counts as one hook;
(e)by means of a landing net, except landing a fish which was caught by angling as provided for in this Act;
(f)by means of explosives;
(g)by means of any device producing an electric shock; or
(h)by means of any prohibited hunting method relating to wild animals as provided in section 9.

39. Application of certain provisions

For the purpose of this Chapter, the provisions of sections 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 apply, read with the changes required by the context.

40. Written permission by the landowner

(1)No person may perform any activity as described in section 32, 33, 34, 35, 37 or 42 in an aquatic system on privately owned land without the written permission of such landowner.
(2)In respect of any waters on privately owned land, the provisions referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to the owner of such land.
(3)For the purpose of interpretation of the words "written permission" in subsection (1), the provisions of section 14 apply, read with the changes required by the context.

41. Releasing of fish or other animals in aquatic systems

No person may, without a permit, place in or in any manner introduce into or cause or allow to be placed or introduced into an aquatic system a live fish or other animal, but the provisions of this section do not apply to a live indigenous fish which is replaced into an aquatic system immediately after it has been caught in such system.

42. Entering land with fishing tackle

(1)No person may enter or be on land on which an aquatic system occurs, while in possession of fishing tackle, unless he or she -
(a)has a lawful reason;
(b)has made prior arrangements with the landowner; or
(c)has obtained written permission,

to enter or be on the land.

(2)For the purpose of subsection (1), "land" does not include a public road.
(3)The prohibition set out in subsection (1) does not apply to land to which the public usually has access and where the owner of the land has set aside an area where angling is permitted.

43. Prohibited acts pertaining to live fish

(1)No person may, without a permit import into, export from, transport in the Province or possess any live fish or spawn of any such fish.
(2)Subject to section 55(1), the provisions of subsection (1) do not apply to fish listed in Schedule 6.

44. Trade in certain species of fish

No person may, without a permit -

(a)sell or buy a fish which is a specially protected animal or the carcass or spawn of such fish;
(b)sell or buy any live carp, bluegill sunfish, trout, black bass, banded tilapia or any exotic invertebrate freshwater fauna;
(c)sell or buy any fish which has been caught in contravention of this Act or any other law.

45. Removal of bait caught in inland waters

No aquatic invertebrate animal, whether alive or not, which has been caught in an aquatic system and is intended to be used as fish bait, may, except under the authority of a permit -

(a)be sold to any other person; or
(b)be bought by any other person, except from a person authorised by an provision of this Act to sell it.

46. Obstruction of free passage of fish in aquatic systems

No person may place or cause or allow to be placed in an aquatic system an article or thing, other than a net of which the use in an aquatic system is authorised by any provision of this Act, which will or is likely to prevent the free passage of fish in such system.

47. Pollution of aquatic systems

(1)No person may deposit or cause or allow to be deposited -
(a)in an aquatic system; or
(b)in any place from where it is likely to percolate into or in any other manner enter an aquatic system,

anything, whether solid, liquid or gaseous, which is or is likely to be injurious to fish or fish food or which, if it was so deposited in large quantities or numbers, would be injurious to fish.

(2)No person may destroy or cause or allow to be destroyed aquatic habitat in an aquatic system, riparian vegetation or instream spawning habitat.

48. Noxious aquatic growths

No person may import into, export from, transport in the Province, possess, place in an aquatic system, cultivate, propagate, trade in or acquire any noxious aquatic growth.

Chapter 6
Sustainable utilisation of plants

49. Restricted activities involving specially protected plants

(1)No person may, without a permit -
(a)pick;
(b)import;
(c)export;
(d)transport;
(e)possess;
(f)cultivate; or
(g)trade in,

a specimen of a specially protected plant.

(2)The provisions of subsection (1)(e), in so far as they prohibit the possession of a specially protected plant, do not apply to a landowner who is in possession of a specially protected plant which grows in its natural habitat and which was not planted by human interference.

50. Restricted activities involving protected plants

(1)Subject to the provisions of section 52, no person may, without a permit -
(a)pick;
(b)import;
(c)export;
(d)transport;
(e)cultivate; or
(f)trade in,

a specimen of a protected plant.

(2)The provisions of -
(a)subsection (1), in so far as they prohibit the picking, donation, receiving as a gift or conveyance of a protected plant, do not apply to the flower of a protected plant that, for the private use of the landowner, is -
(i)picked by the owner of the land on which the plant grows;
(ii)picked on that land by a family member of the owner; or
(iii)picked on that land by a person acting with the written permission of the owner;
(b)subsection (1), in so far as they prohibit the import into or export from the Province, purchase or conveyance of a protected plant by any person, do not apply to a protected plant if that person can produce written permission or other documentary proof indicating that such plant was lawfully -
(i)bought or received as a gift from a person in another province;
(ii)bought or received as a gift from a person within the Province; or
(iii)obtained from a registered nursery.

51. Picking, receipt, possession, acquisition or handling of indigenous plants

(1)No person may, without a permit, pick an indigenous plant -
(a)on a public road;
(b)on land next to a public road within a distance of 100 meters measured from the centre of the road; or
(c)within an area bordering a natural water course, whether wet or dry, up to and within a distance of 100 metres from the middle of a river on either side of the natural water course.
(2)No person may, without a permit, pick an indigenous plant in such manner that it constitutes large-scale harvesting or for commercial purposes.
(3)No person may collect firewood or pick, transport or remove an indigenous plant on land of which such person is not the owner without the owner's written permission.
(4)Subsection (1)(a) and (b) do not apply to the land owner or his or her relative picking an indigenous plant which is not a specially protected or protected plant.
(5)No person may -
(a)receive an indigenous plant knowing that it was not picked lawfully;
(b)possess an indigenous plant in respect of which there is a reasonable suspicion that it was not picked lawfully and be unable to give a satisfactory account of such possession; or
(c)acquire or receive into his or her possession or handle an indigenous plant without having reasonable cause for believing, at the time of such acquisition, receipt or handling of such plant, that it was picked lawfully.

52. Nursery permit

(1)A landowner may apply in writing to the Director for a nursery permit in respect of the whole or any portion of his or her land.
(2)An application made in terms of subsection (1) must -
(a)in the case of agricultural land, include a full description of the land in respect of which application is made, including but not limited to proof of ownership, the farm name, farm number, magisterial district, the farm's boundaries and size and habitat assessment reflecting the current state of the vegetation thereon;
(b)in the case of land situated within a township, include a full description of the property in respect of which the application is made, including but not limited to proof of ownership, the erf number, the size of the erf, the street name and number, the city or town, the suburb and magisterial district where the erf is situated;
(c)state the species of plant to which the application relates, the estimated number of such species that are to be found in its natural state on the land and the number of such species that are otherwise to be found on the land referred to in paragraph (a) or (b);
(d)set out the grounds on which the application is made; and
(e)set out the activities applied for.
(3)For the purpose of deciding on the application, the Director may require the applicant to furnish him or her with any additional information he or she may consider necessary or desirable.
(4)If the Director is satisfied that the application meets the required criteria, he or she may grant the application and, subject to the conditions he or she may consider necessary or desirable, issue the permit.
(5)A nursery permit -
(a)is valid for the period specified therein; and
(b)may be withdrawn by the Director if the landowner fails to comply with or contravenes any of the conditions subject to which the permit was issued.
(6)Subject to subsection (7), any nursery permit issued in terms of this section lapses upon the transfer or lease of the land or any portion of such land in respect of which it was issued.
(7)The provisions of section 16, read with the changes required by the context, apply with regard to a nursery permit.

53. Application of certain provisions

For the purpose of this Chapter, the provisions of sections 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 25(2) apply, read with the changes required by the context.

54. Written permission by the landowner

(1)No person may perform any activity as described in section 49 or 50 on land without the written permission of the landowner concerned.
(2)The provisions in respect of land referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to the owner of such land.
(3)For the purpose of interpretation of the words "written permission" in subsection (1), the provisions of section 14 apply, read with the changes required by the context.

Chapter 7
Invasive species

55. Invasive species

(1)No person may -
(a)import, export, transport, possess or trade in an invasive species, including any specimen, carcass or derivative of such species;
(b)cultivate a plant specimen of an invasive species; or
(c)breed or keep an animal specimen of an invasive species.
(2)The owner of land upon which an invasive species is found, must take the necessary steps to eradicate or destroy such species.

Chapter 8
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, (CITES)

56. Prohibited acts regarding CITES species

No person may, without a permit -

(a)import into the Province from another country; or
(b)export from the Province to another country,

any species of fauna or flora listed in Appendix I, II or III of CITES, including any specimen, carcass or derivative of such species.

Chapter 9
Nature conservators

57. Appointment of nature conservators

(1)The responsible Member may, subject to subsection (3), appoint any person on the establishment of the Department as a nature conservator.
(2)A nature conservator may exercise the powers and perform the functions assigned to his or her office by or under this Act.
(3)The Director may determine the qualifications and training programmes subject to which a nature conservator must be appointed.
(4)Each nature conservator appointed under subsection (1), must be furnished with a certificate signed on behalf of the Department and stating that he or she is appointed as a nature conservator.
(5)Whenever a nature conservator appointed in terms of subsection (1) performs a function under this Act in the presence of any person affected thereby, the nature conservator must, on demand by such person, produce to him or her the certificate referred to in subsection (4).

58. General powers and functions of nature conservators

(1)To comply with his or her mandate in terms of this Act, and in addition to the powers set out elsewhere in this Act, a nature conservator may exercise all the powers assigned to a police official who is not a commissioned officer, in terms of Chapters 2, 5, 7 and 8 of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977 (Act No. 51 of 1977).
(2)The Director must, as soon as practicable after the coming into operation of this Act, apply to the Minister of Justice for all nature conservators or any other category of persons on the establishment of the Department to be declared peace officers in terms of section 334(1) of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977 (Act No. 51 of 1977), for the purpose of exercising their powers in terms of subsection (1) or any other provision of this Act.
(3)A nature conservator may -
(a)demand the full name, identity number and address of any person who -
(i)has committed an offence in terms of this Act or whom he or she reasonably suspects of having committed such offence;
(ii)is reasonably deemed to be able to give evidence relating to an offence committed or reasonably suspected of having been committed in terms of this Act,

and if such person furnishes to the nature conservator a name and address which such officer reasonably suspects to be false, he or she may arrest such person without warrant and detain such person for a period not exceeding twelve hours or until such time as such name or address has been verified;

(b)instruct any person who, on land which is used for purposes of this Act, contravenes or fails to comply with a —
(i)provision of this Act; or
(ii)requirement or condition prescribed or determined in terms of this Act, to leave such land;
(c)destroy a dog not used in lawful hunting and which is pursuing or searching for a wild animal;
(d)in exercising a power or performing a function in terms of this Act, make use of an interpreter and, if necessary, of one or more other persons, and such an interpreter or other person is deemed to be a nature conservator while acting under control of the nature conservator;
(e)copy, or make extracts from any document, book or record, or any written or electronic information or other thing relevant for the purposes of an investigation or remove any such document, book, record, or written or electronic information or other thing in order to make copies or extracts;
(f)take photographs or make audio-visual recordings of anything or any person that is relevant for the purposes of an investigation; and
(g)take a sample from any animal or plant that is relevant for the purposes of an investigation.
(4)A nature conservator must -
(a)provide a receipt for any document, book, record or written or electronic information, or any specimen, article, substance or other thing, seized or removed in terms of this Act; and
(b)exercise his or her powers in a way that minimises damage to, loss or deterioration of any premises or thing.

59. Powers of nature conservators regarding inspections and compliance with this Act

(1)A nature conservator may -
(a)conduct inspections and monitor compliance with this Act;
(b)investigate an alleged contravention of this Act;
(c)question any person in respect of any matter connected with this Act, which may be relevant to an inspection; or
(d)question any person whom the nature conservator reasonably believes may have information relevant to an inspection.
(2)A nature conservator may be accompanied during an inspection by a member of the South African Police Service or any other person reasonably required to assist in conducting the inspection.
(3)A nature conservator may, if he or she has reason to believe that any provision of this Act or a condition subject to which a permit, licence or other document issued in terms of this Act has not been complied with, issue a non-compliance notice, in the form determined by the Director, to the holder of a permit, licence or other document issued in terms of this Act and must forward a copy of the notice to the Director.
(4)A non-compliance notice must set out the alleged non-compliance contemplated in subsection (3) and the steps to be taken and must provide for a reasonable period within which steps must be taken in order to comply with such provisions.
(5)A compliance certificate may be issued if the Director or nature conservator acting on behalf of the Director is satisfied that the steps have been taken to rectify the non-compliance contemplated in subsection (3) and set out in the non-compliance notice.
(6)If a person to whom a non-compliance notice has been issued in terms of subsection (3) fails to comply with the notice, a nature conservator, with the concurrence of the Director, may, at the expense of such person, take any reasonable step to rectify the non-compliance and may -
(a)pick, catch, capture or transport;
(b)eradicate, destroy or hunt,

a specimen of a species, if the specimen is the subject of the alleged non-compliance.

(7)The provisions of subsections (3), (4) and (5) must not be interpreted so as to prevent a nature conservator from instituting a criminal charge.

Chapter 10
Permits and other authorisations

60. Issuing of permits, licences, certificates, written authorisations or exemptions

The Director may —

(a)issue any permit, licence, certificate or any other written authorisation or exemption required by a provision of this Act and determine the form and contents thereof; and
(b)after due process -
(i)withdraw any such permit, licence, certificate or other written authorisation or exemption if the holder of the permit, licence, certificate or other written authorisation or exemption contravenes or fails to comply with a condition subject to which such document was issued;
(ii)amend such permit, licence, certificate or other written authorisation or exemption if changed circumstances so necessitate.

61. Application for permits and other documents

(1)Any person may, in writing, apply to the Director for a permit, licence, certificate or any other written authorisation or exemption required by this Act by lodging an application on the form determined by the Director after payment of the prescribed fee.
(2)After receiving an application in terms of subsection (1), the Director may request further information from the applicant before considering the application.
(3)The Director may, after considering an application -
(a)refuse the application in writing, stating the reasons for the refusal;
(b)issue the permit, licence, certificate or other written authorisation or exemption unconditionally; or
(c)issue the pennit, licence, certificate or other written authorisation, subject to the conditions the Director may consider necessary or relevant.
(4)A document issued in terms of subsection (3)(c) applies only to the extent that any condition subject to which it was issued, is complied with.
(5)Where an activity is required by this Act to be authorised by a permit, licence, certificate, written authorisation, exemption or other document, the person carrying out the activity must -
(a)obtain the consent of the landowner (if required by this Act); and
(b)carry the original document or a certified copy thereof and, where applicable, the consent referred to in paragraph (a) on his or her person when carrying out the activity for which the document was issued.

62. Cancellation of permits, certificates and forfeiture of certain articles

(1)The court convicting a person of an offence under this Act -
(a)may issue an order that a certificate, licence, permit, written authority or exemption issued to such person under this Act be cancelled if in its opinion the rights conferred by such certificate, licence, permit, written authority or exemption were abused by such person in the commission of such offence;
(b)may issue an order disqualifying such person from obtaining any specified certificate, licence, permit, written authority or exemption under this Act for a specified period not exceeding five years; and
(c)
(i)may declare any animal, vehicle, vessel, boat, craft, float, aircraft or other means of conveyance (hereafter referred to as "means of conveyance") and any weapon, instrument, receptacle or other thing (hereafter referred to as "article") which was used for the purpose of or in connection with the commission of the offence and was produced to the court, to be forfeited to the Province, but that no declaration may be made in terms of this subparagraph in respect of any means of conveyance or article referred to in this subparagraph if the court is satisfied that the convicted person at the time of the commission of the offence was not the owner thereof and that the owner thereof was unable to prevent the use thereof by the convicted person; and
(ii)must declare any wild animal or the carcass thereof or any plant in respect of which the offence was committed to be forfeited to the Province.
(2)The registrar or clerk of the court which has -
(a)issued an order under subsection (1)(a) or (b), must advise the Director of such order and of the sentence imposed on the convicted person; or
(b)made a declaration under subsection (1)(c), must advise the Director of such order and of the sentence imposed on the convicted person and must also forward the article or thing to which the declaration relates to the Director for disposal in terms of section 68.
(3)The provisions of section 35 of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977. (Act No. 51 of 1977), read with the changes required by the context, apply in respect of any forfeiture in terms of this section.

Chapter 11
Implementation of the Act

63. Regulations and Schedules

(1)The responsible Member may make regulations regarding -
(a)any matter that may or must be prescribed in terms of this Act;
(b)wildlife operators, game farms and nurseries;
(c)any fee payable in terms of this Act;
(d)damage-causing animals, invasive species or pet species;
(e)in general, any matter in respect of which it is necessary or expedient to make regulations in order to achieve the objects of this Act.
(2)Before making regulations in terms of subsection (1), the responsible Member must publish the draft regulations for public comment in the Provincial Gazette.
(3)A regulation made in terms of subsection (1)(c) may only be made with the concurrence of the Member of the Executive Council responsible for financial matters in the Province.
(4)Regulations made in terms of subsection (1) -
(a)may restrict or prohibit any act either absolutely or conditionally;
(b)apply -
(i)generally throughout the Province or only in a specified area or category of areas;
(ii)to all persons or only a specified category of persons; or
(iii)with respect to all wild animals or plants or only a specified species of wild animal or plant or category of wild animal or plant; or
(c)may differentiate between -
(i)different areas or categories of areas;
(ii)categories of persons; or
(iii)species of wild animal or plant or category of species of wild animal or plant.
(5)The responsible Member may, after consultation with the Director, amend any of the Schedules by notice in the Provincial Gazette.

64. Delegation

(1)Subject to subsection (3), the responsible Member may delegate in writing any of his or her powers, functions or duties in terms of this Act to an officer on the establishment of the Department.
(2)The Director may delegate in writing any of his of her powers, functions or duties in terms of this Act to any officer on the establishment of the Department.
(3)The responsible Member may not delegate the power to make regulations or to declare hunting or angling seasons.

65. Destruction of evidence

No person may remove from premises or destroy or dispose of a wild animal or plant or derivative thereof, or any book, register, document, vehicle, container, firearm, weapon, snare, trap, explosive, poison, noxious substance or any other thing to prevent the seizure thereof or the detection of any offence under this Act.

66. Offences

(1)Any person who -
(a)contravenes or fails to comply with a provision of this Act or a regulation made or instruction given or demand made thereunder;
(b)alters, fabricates or forges any document issued or required for the lawful performance of any act in terms of this Act;
(c)passes, uses, utters or has in his or her possession any altered, fabricated or forged document contemplated in paragraph (b);
(d)under a false name obtains any document contemplated in paragraph (b);
(e)while prohibited by an order of court from obtaining a document in terms of this Act, obtains or applies for such document;
(f)being the holder of a document issued under this Act authorising or directing him or her to perform any act or to perform any act in a specified manner, performs such act without having such document in his or her possession or not in the specified manner;
(g)fails to comply with a term or condition subject to which a document was issued to him or her under this Act;
(h)falsely holds himself or herself out to be a nature conservator or landowner;
(i)hinders, obstructs or interferes with a nature conservator in the exercise of his or her powers or the performance of his or her functions under this Act or without good cause refuses or fails to furnish on demand any such officer with his or her name and address or with any information or document required by such officer for the purposes of this Act or furnishes any such officer with a false name and address;
(j)while in possession of a firearm having a barrel exceeding 100 mm in length or any other device as contemplated in section 9 intended to be used or which could be used for the hunting of wild animals, trespasses on land on which there is or is likely to be any wild animal;
(k)is found in possession of a specially protected species or carcass or derivative thereof by a nature conservator or a police officer and is unable to give a satisfactory account of such possession;
(l)knowingly makes a false statement in an application made or in any other document furnished by him or her in terms of any provision of this Act; or
(m)permits or allows any other person to do anything which is an offence in terms of this Act,

is guilty of an offence.

(2)It is an offence to disclose information about any other person if that information was acquired while exercising or performing any power or duty in terms of this Act, except -
(a)if the information is disclosed in compliance with the provisions of any law;
(b)if the person is ordered to disclose the information by a court;
(c)if the information is disclosed to enable a person to perform a function in terms of this Act or a corresponding law or for the purposes of the administration of justice; or
(d)if the permission of the person concerned is obtained.

67. Penalties

(1)A person convicted of an offence in terms of this Act is liable to a fine, or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 10 years, or to both a fine and such imprisonment.
(2)A fine in terms of subsection (1) may not exceed -
(a)an amount prescribed in terms of the Adjustment of Fines Act, 1991 (Act No. 101 of 1991); or
(b)if a person is convicted of an offence involving a specimen of a specially protected or protected species or CITES species, an amount determined in terms of paragraph (a) or which is equal to three times the commercial value of the specimen in respect of which the offence was committed, whichever is the greater.
(3)Where reference is made in subsection (2) to the commercial value of a species for the purposes of determining an appropriate penalty for an offence under this Act and different commercial values for the specific item exist in the market at that specific point in time, whether nationally or internationally, the commercial value of such species must be determined by the calculation of the average of the various commercial values existing in the market at that specific point in time.

68. Disposal of licence fees, fines and proceeds of sale of articles declared forfeited

All fees paid in respect of permits, licences, certificates, written authorisations or exemptions issued, all fines imposed in respect of offences and the proceeds of the sale of anything declared to be forfeited to the Province under this Act must be paid into the Provincial Revenue Fund.

69. Liability for loss, damage or deterioration of items in custody

(1)Subject to subsection (2), anything seized or removed by a nature conservator in terms of this Act, must be kept in such a manner that it is secured against loss or damage or deterioration and must, if no prosecution for an offence under this Act is instituted in connection therewith, be returned to the person from whose possession it was taken, if such person may lawfully possess such thing.
(2)Pending the institution of criminal proceedings in terms of this Act or the resolution of such proceedings, any live specimen that has been seized in terms of this Act must be deposited with a suitable institution, rescue centre or facility which is able and willing to house and properly care for it, but in the event that a suitable facility cannot be found, the Director may provide as the circumstances may require.
(3)Neither the Department nor any other person is liable for damage or loss caused by -
(a)the exercise of a power or the performance of a function or duty under this Act; or
(b)the failure to exercise a power or perform a function or duty under this Act,

unless the exercise of or failure to exercise the power, or performance or failure to perform the function or duty was unlawful, negligent or in bad faith.

Chapter 12
General provisions

70. Retention of documents

The document or a certified copy of every document required by this Act must be retained by the person to whom it was furnished for a period of at least two years from the date on which it was so furnished or while he or she is in possession of the species or specimen to which it relates, whichever is the longer period.

71. Time of importation of animals and plants

Whenever a wild animal or plant is consigned to or brought into the Province, such wild animal or plant is deemed to have been imported into the Province -

(a)in the case of a wild animal or plant consigned to a place in the Province and brought thereto in an aircraft, at the time when such aircraft on the flight in question first came within the control area of the airport authority in the Province or at the time of landing of such aircraft at the place of actual discharge of the wild animal or plant in the Province;
(b)in the case of a wild animal or plant not consigned to a place in the Province, but brought thereto by an aircraft, at the time when such wild animal or plant were so landed;
(c)in the case of a wild animal or plant brought into the Province overland or over inland waters or over seawaters, at the time when such wild animal or plant entered the Province;
(d)in the case of a wild animal or plant brought into the Province by post or in any other manner, including introduction from the sea, at the time of importation in terms of paragraph (a), (b) or (c), according to the means of carriage of such wild animal or plant.

72. General powers of the Director

(1)Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Director may, if the circumstances so require, take any step or prohibit, control or restrict the activity of any person in relation to a specimen of any species.
(2)The Director may, at his or her discretion and subject to the conditions he or she may deem necessary or relevant, grant exemption in writing from any provision of this Act to -
(a)any person doing research on any animal, plant, fish or any other matter related to this Act; or
(b)a nature conservator for purposes of performing his or her functions in terms of this Act.

73. Repeal of laws and savings

(1)Subject to subsection (2) -
(a)the Problem Animal Control Ordinance, 1957 (Ordinance No. 26 of 1957); and
(b)the Nature and Environmental Conservation Ordinance, 1974 (Ordinance No. 19 of 1974),

are hereby repealed.

(2)Anything done or any document issued in terms of a law repealed by subsection (1), and which may be done or issued in terms of a provision of this Act, must be considered as having been done or issued in terms of the latter provision.

74. Short title and commencement

This Act is called the Northern Cape Nature Conservation Act, 2009, and comes into operation on a date fixed by the Premier by proclamation in the Provincial Gazette.


Schedule 1

Specially protected species


Scientific name Common name (where known)
Fauna
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Acinonyx jubatus (Von Schreber, 1775) Cheetah
Arctocephalus gazella (Peters, 1875) Antarctic fur seal
Canis adustus (Sundevall, 1847) Side-striped jackal
Civettictis civetta (Von Schreber, 1776) African civet
Crocuta crocuta (Erxleben, 1777) Spotted hyaena
Felis nigripes (Burchell, 1824) Black-footed cat
Felis silvestris (Von Schreber, 1777) African wild cat
Hydrurga leptonyx (de Blainville, 1820) Leopard seal
Ictonytx striatus (Perry, 1810) Striped polecat
Leptailurus serval (Von Schreber, 1776) Serval
Leptonychotes weddellii (Lesson, 1826) Weddell seal
Lobodon carcinophaga (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1842) Crabeater seal
Lutra maculicollis (Lichtenstein, 1835) Spotted-necked otter
Lycaon pictus (Ternmink, 1820) African wild dog
Mellivora capensis (Von Schreber, 1776) Honey badger
Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758) Southern elephant seal
Otocyon megalotis (Desmarest, 1822) Bat-eared fox
Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Lion
Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Leopard
Paracynictis selousi (De Winton, 1896) Selous mongoose
Parahyaena brunnea (Thunberg, 1820) Brown hyaena
Poecilogale albinucha (Gray, 1864) African striped weasel / Snake mongoose
Proteles cristatus (Sparrman, 1783) Aardwolf
Rhynchogale melleri (Gray, 1865) Meller’s mongoose
Vulpes chama (A. Smith, 1833) Cape fox / Silver jackal
Order: Eulipotyphla (Insectivora)
Atelenx frontalis (A. Smith, 1831) Southern African hedgehog
Order: Lagomorpha
Bunolagus monticularis (Thomas, 1903) Riverine rabbit
Order: Perissodactyla
Ceratotherium simum (Burchell, 1817) Square-lipped rhinoceros / White rhinoceros
Diceros bicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Hooked-lipped rhinoceros / Black rhinoceros
Equus zabra hartmannae (Matschie, 1898) Hartmann’s mountain zebra
Equus zebra zebra (Linnaeus, 1758) Cape mountain zebra
Order: Pholidota
Manis temminckii (Smuts, 1832) African scaly ant-eater / Pangolin
Order: Primates
Cercopithecus albogularis (Sykes, 1831) Sykes’ monkey / Samango monkey
Galago moholi (A. Smith, 1836) Lesser bushbaby / South African Galago
Otolemur crossicaudatus (E. Geoffroy, 1812) Greater Galago / Thick-tailed Galago
Order: Proboscidea
Laxodonta Africana (Blumenbach, 1797) African elephant / Savanna elephant
Order: Serina
Dugong dugon (P.L.S. Müller, 1776) Dugong
Order: Tubulidentata
Orycteropus afer (Pallas, 1766) Aardvark / Ant-bear
Order: Whippomorpha
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Lacépède, 1804) Dwarf minke whale
Balaenoptera bonaecrensis (Burmeister, 1867) Antarctic minke whale
Balaenoptera borealis (Lesson, 1828) Sei whale
Balaenoptera edeni (Anderson, 1878) Bryde's whale
Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Blue whale
Balaenopiera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fin whale
Berardius arnuxii (Duvemoy, 1851) Amoux's beaked whale
Caperea marginata (Gray, 1846) Pygmy right whale
Cephalorhynchus heavisidii (Gray, 1828) Heaviside's dolphin
Delphinus capensis (Gray, 1828) Long-beaked common dolphin
Delphinus delphis (Linnaeus, 1758) Short-beaked common dolphin
Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822) Southern right whale
Feresa attenuata (Gray, 1875) Pygmy killer whale
Globicephala macrorhynchus (Gray, 1846) Short-finned pilot whale
Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809) Long-finned pilot whale
Grampus griseus (G. Cuvier, 1812) Risso's dolphin
Hyperoodon planifrons (Flower, 1882) Southern bottlenose whale
Indopacetus pacificus (Longman, 1926) Longman’s beaked whale
Kogia breviceps (de Blatnville, 1838) Pygmy sperm whale
Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) Dwarf sperm whale
Lagenodelphis hosei (Fraser, 1956) Fraser's dolphin
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Gray, 1828) Dusky dolphin
Lissodelphis peronii (Lacépède, 1804) Southern right whale dolphin
Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Humpback whale
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville, 1817) Blamville’s beaked whale
Mesoplodon grayi (Von Haast, 1876) Gray's beaked whale
Mesoplodon hectori (Gray, 1871) Hector's beaked whale
Mesoplodon layardii (Gray, 1865) Strap-toothed beaked whale
Mesoplodon mirus (True, 1913) True's beaked whale
Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758) Killer whale
Peponocephala electra (Gray, 1846) Melon-headed whale
Physeter catodon (Linnaeus, 1758) Sperm whale
Pseudorca crassidens (Owen, 1846) False killer whale
Sousa chinensis (Osbeck, 1765) Humpback dolphin
Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846) Pantropical spotted dolphin
Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyer, 1833) Striped dolphin
Stenella longirostris (Gray, 1828) Spinner dolphin
Steno bredanensis (Lesson, 1828) Rough-toothed dolphin
Tursiops aduncus (Ehrenberg, 1833) Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphin
Tursiops truncatus (Monkey, 1821) Bottlenosed dolphin
Ziphius cavirostris (G. Cuvier, 1823) Cuvier's beaked whale
Class: Aves
Order: Anseriformes All migratory exotic species of Anseriformes
Order: Buserotiformes
Buconus leadbeateri Southern Ground Hornbill
Order: Charadriiformes
Charadrius pallidus Chestnut-banded Plover
Glareola nordmanni Black-winged Pratincole
Glanola pratincola Collared Pratincole
Haematopus moquini African Black Oystercatcher
Rostratula benghalensis Greater Painted-snipe
Sterna balaenarum Damara Tern
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern
Order: Ciconiiformes
Ciconia nigra Black Stork
Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis Saddlebill Stork
Geronticus calvus Southern Bald Ibis
Gorsachius leuconotus Whitebacked Night Heron
Leptoptilos crumeniferus Marabou Stork
Mycteria ibis Yellowbilled Stork
Pelecanus anocrotalus Great White Pelican
Pelecanus rufescens Pink-backed Pelican
Phalacrocorax capensis Cape Cormorant
Phalacrocorax coronatus Crowned Cormorant
Phalacrocorax neglectus Bank Cormorant
Phoenicopterus minor Lesser Flamingo
Phoenicopterus rubber Greater Flamingo
Order: Falconiformes
Accipiter badius Shikra
Accipiter melanoleucus Black Sparrow-hawk
Accipiter minullus Little Sparrow-hawk
Accipiter ovampensis Ovambo Sparrow-hawk
Accipiter rufuentris Rufous-chested Sparrow-hawk
Accipiier tachiro African Goshawk
Aegypius occipitalis White-headed Vulture
Aegypius tracheliotus Lapped-faced Vulture
Aquila ayresii Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle
Aquila nipalensis Steppe Eagle
Aquila pennatus Booted Eagle
Aquila pomarina Lesser Spotted Eagle
Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle
Aquila spilogaster African Hawk-Eagle
Aquila verreauxii Verreaux’s Eagle
Aquila wahlbergi Wahlberg's Eagle
Aviceda cuculoides African Cuckoo Hawk
Buteo augur Augur Buzzard
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard
Buteo rufofuscus Jackal Buzzard
Buteo trizonatus Forest Buzzard
Buteo vulpinus Steppe Buzzard
Circaetus cinereus Brown Snake-Eagle
Circaetus fasciolatus Southern Banded Snake Eagle
Circaetus fasciolatus Southern Banded Snake-Eagle
Circaetus pectoralis Black-chested Snake-Eagle
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-Harrier
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier
Circus maurus Black Harner
Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier
Circus ranivorus African Marsh-Harrier
Elanas caeruleus Black-shouldered Kite
Falco amurensis Amur Falcon
Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon
Falco chicquera Red-necked Falcon
Falco concolor Sooty Falcon
Falco cuvierii African Hobby
Falco dickinsoni Dickinson's Kestrel
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon
Falco fasciinucha Taita Falcon
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel
Falco peregrines Peregrine Falcon
Falco rupicoloides Greater Kestrel
Falco rupicolus Rock Kestrel
Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby
Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture
Gypohierax angolensis Palmnut Vulture
Gyps africanus White-backed Vulture
Gyps coprotheres Cape Vulture
Gyps rueppellii Ruppell's Vulture
Haliaeetus vocifer African Fish-Eagle
Kaupifalco monogrammicus Lizard Buzzard
Lophaetus occipitalis Long-crested Eagle
Macheirhamphus alcinus Bat Hawk
Melierax canorus Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk
Melierax gabar Gabar Goshawk
Melierax metabates Dark Chanting Goshawk
Milvus migrans Black Kite
Necrosyrtes monachus Hooded Vulture
Neophron perecuopterus Egyptian Vulture
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Pernis apivorus European Honey-Buzzard
Polemaetus bellicosus Martial Eagle
Polihierax semitorquatus Pygmy Falcon
Potyboroides typus African Harrier-Hawk
Sagittarius serpentarius Secretary bird
Stepbanoaetus coronatus African Crowned Eagle
Terathopius ecaudatus Bateleur
Neotis denhami Denham's Bustard
Neotis ludwigii Ludwig's Bustard
Order: Musophagiformes
Tauraco corythaix Knysna Turaco
Order: Passeriformes
Buphagus africanus Yellow-billed Oxpecker
Buphagus erythrorhynchus Red-billed Oxpecker
Calendulauda barlowi Barlow's Lark
Calendulauda burra Red Lark
Hirundo artrocaerulea Blue Swallow
Hypargos margaritatus Pink-throated Twinspot
Lamprotornis mevesii Meves’s Starling
Mandingoa nitidula Green Twinspot
Spizocorys sclateri Sclater's Lark
Order: Psittaciformes
Poicephalus robustus Cape Parrot
Poicephalus fuscicollis Grey-headed Parrot
Family: Spheniscidae
Eudyptes chrysocome Rockhopper Penguin
Eudyptes chrysolophus Macaroni Penguin
Procellaria acquinoctialis White-chinned Petrel
Pygoscelis papua Gentoo Penguin
Spheniscus magellanicus Magellanic Penguin
Thalassarche carteri Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross
Thalassarche chrysostoma Grey-headed Albatross
Order: Strigiformes
Asio capensis Marsh Owl
Bubo africanus Spotted Eagle-Owl
Bubo capensis Cape Eagle-Owl
Bubo lacteus Verreaux's Eagle-Owl
Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar
Caprimulgus fossii Square-tailed Nightjar
Caprimulgus natalensis Swamp Nightjar
Caprimulgus pectoralis Fiery-necked Nightjar
Caprimulgus rufigena Rufous-cheeked Nightjar
Caprimulgus tristigma Freckled Nightjar
Glaucidium capense African Barred Owlet
Glaucidium perlatum Pearl-sported Owlet
Macrodipteryx texillarius Pennant-winged Nightjar
Otus senegalensis African Scops-Owl
Ptilapris granti Southern White-faced Scops-Owl
Scotopelia peli Pel's Fishing Owl
Strix woodfordii African Wood-Owl
Tyto alba Bam Owl
Tyto capensis African Grass-Owl
Tyto capensis African Grass Owl
Class: Reptilia
Order: Chelonia (Testudinata)
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Chelonia mydas Green Sea Turtle
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle
Eretmocheys imbricate Hawksbill Sea Turtle
Homopus signatus Southern Speckled Padloper
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive Ridley Turtle
Psammobates geometricus Geometric Tortoise
Order: Squamata
Family: Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleons, all species
Family: Cordylidae Girdled lizards, all species
Bradypodion teaniabronchum Smith's Dwarf Chamaeleon
Cordylus cataphractus Armadillo Girdled Lizard
Cordylus giganteus Gaint Girdled Lizard
Family: Boideae
Python sebae African Rock Python
Class: Amphibia
Cacosternum capense Cape Caco / Cross-marked frog
Microbatrachella capensis Micro Frog
Pyxicephalus adspersus Giant Bullfrog / Giant Pyxie
Pyxicephalus edulus African Bullfrog / Edible Bullfrog
Xenopus gilli Gill's Clawed Toad / Cape platanna
Class: Pisces
Order: Cypriniformes
Barbus andrewi Cape Whitefish
Barbus calidus Clanwilliam Redfin
Barbus erubescens Twee River Redfin
Barbus hospes Namaqua Barb / Namaqua Minnow
Barbus pallidus Gold Barb / Speckled Minnow
Barbus paiudinosus Straightfin Barb / Slender Serrate Minnow
Barbus serra Saw fin
Barbus trevelyani Border Barb
Barbus trimaculatus Threespot Barb / Threespot Minnow
Labeo seeberi Clanwilliam Sandfish
Labeo umbratus Moggel / Mud Millet
Labeobarbus aneus Vaal-Orange Smallmouth Yellowfish
Labeobarbus capensis Clanwilliam Yellow Fish
Labeobarbus kimberlyensis Vaal-Orange Largemouth Yellowfish
Pseudobarbus afer Eastern Cape Redfin
Pseudobarbus asper Small scale Redfin / Plumb red-fin minnow
Pseudobarbus burchellii Burchell’s Redfin
Pseudobarbus burgi Berg River Redfin
Pseudobarbus phlegethon Fieiy Redfin
Pseudobarbus tenuis Slender Redfin
Order: Siluriformes
Austroglanis barnardii Barnard’s Rock Catfish
Austroglanis gilli Clanwilliam Rock Catfish
Austroglanis sclateri Rock-Catfish
Order: Perciformes
Galaxias zebratus Cape Galaxia
Sandelia bainsii Eastern Province Rocky
Sandelia capensis Cape Kurper
Class: Arachnida
Order: Mygalomorphae
Ceratogyrus spp. Horned Baboon Spiders, all species
Harpactira spp. Common Baboon Spiders, all species
Pterinochilus spp. Golden-brown Baboon Spiders, all species
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Circellium bacchus Addo Flightless / Cape Dung Beede
Colophon spp. Stag Beedes, all species
Class: Onychophora All species
Flora
Family: Amarylidaceae
Clivia mirabilis (Rourke) Oorlofskloof bush lily / Clivia
Haemanthus graniticus (Snijman) April fool
Hessea pusilla (Snijman)  
Strumaria bidentata (Schinz)  
Strumaria perryae (Snijman)  
Family: Anacardiaceae
Ozoroa spp. All species
Family: Apiaceae
Centella tridentata (L.f. Drude ex Domiver)  
Chamarea snijmaniae (B.L.Burtt)  
Family: Apocynaceae
Hoodia gordonii  
Pachypodium namaquanum (Wyley ex Harv.) (Welw.) Elephants' trunk
Family: Asohodelaceae
Aloe bubrii (Lavranos)  
Aloe dichotoma  
Aloe dichotoma var.rumosissima Maiden quiver tree
Aloe dabenorisana Cliff aloe
Aloe erinacea  
Aloe meyeri Cliff aloe
Aloe pearsonii (Schonland) Pearson's aloe
Aloe pillansii (L. Guthrie) Giant quiver tree
Trachyandra prolifera (P.L. Perry)  
Family: Asterceae
Athanasia adenantha (Kallersjo)  
Athanasia spathulata (D. Dietr.)  
Cotula filifolia (Thunb.)  
Euryops mirus (B. Nord.)  
Euryops rosulatus (B. Nord.)  
Euryops virgatus (B. Nord.)  
Felida diffusa subsp. khamiesbergensis (Grau)  
Othonna armiana (Van Jaarsv.)  
Family: Crassulaceae
Tylecodon torulosus (Toelken)  
Family/Familie: Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea spp. Elephant’s foot, all species
Family: Eriospermaceae
Eriospermum erinum (P.L. Perry)  
Eriospermum glaciale (P.L. Perry)  
Family: Fabaceae
Amphithalea obtusiloba (Granby) (A.L. Schutte)  
Latononis acutiflora (Benth.)  
Latononis polycephala (Benth.)  
Laseertia spp  
Scaletium toruosum  
Sutherlandia spp. Cancer Bush, all spesies
Wiborgia fusca subsp. macrocarpa  
Family: Geraniaceae
Pelargonium spp. Pelargonium, all species
Family: Hyacinthaceae
Drimia nana (Snijman) (J.C. Manning C Goldblatt)  
Ornithigalum bicornutum (F.M. Leight)  
Ornithogalum inclusum (F.M. Leight)  
Family: Iridaceae
Babiana framesii (L. Bolus)  
Ferraria kamiesbergensis (M.P. de Vos)  
Freesia marginata (J.C. Manning & Goldblatt)  
Geissorhiza subrigida (L. Bolus)  
Hesperantha minima (Baker) R.C. Foster)  
Hesperantha oligantha (Diels) (Goldblatt)  
Hesperantha rivulicola (Goldblatt)  
Lupeirousia verecunda (Goldblatt)  
Moraea kamieensis (Goldblatt)  
Moraea namaquana (Goldblatt)  
Romulea albiflora (J.C. Manning & Goldblatt)  
Romulea discifera (J.C. Manning & Goldblatt)  
Romulea maculate (J.C. Manning & Goldblatt)  
Romulea rupestris (J.C. Manning & Goldblatt)  
Family: Molluginaceae
Hypertelis trachrysperma (Adamson)  
Psammotropha spicata (Adamson)  
Family: Orchidaceae
Corycium ingeanum (E.S.H Oliv)  
Disa macroslachya (Lindl.) (Bolus) Disa
Family: Oxalidaceae
Oxalis pseudo-hirla (T.M. Salter) Sorrel
Family: Pedaliaceae
Harpagophytum spp. Devil's claw
Family: Poaceae
Prionanthium dentalum (L.F. Henrard)  
Secale strictum subsp. africanum Wild rye
Family: Proteaceae
Leucadendron meyerianum (H. Buek ex E. Phillips) Tolbos
Mimetes spp. All species
Orothamnus zeyheri (Pappe ex Hook. f.)  
Family: Rosaceae
Cliffartia arborea (Marloth) Sterboom
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Charadropbila capensis (Marloth) Cape Gloxinia
Family: Stangeriaceae
Stangeria spp. (T. Moore) Cycad’s, all species
Family: Zamiaceae
Encephalartos spp. Cycad’s, all species

Schedule 2

Protected species


Scientific name Common name (where known)
Fauna
Class: Mammalia
Order: Afrosoricida
Ambtysomus corriae (Thomas, 1905) Fynbos golden mole
Ambtysomus hottentotus (A. Smith, 1829) Hottentot golden mole
Ambtysomus marleyi (Roberts, 1931) Marley's golden mole
Ambtysomus robustus (Bronner, 2000) Robust golden mole
Ambtysomus septentrionalis (Roberts, 1931) Highveld golden mole
Calcochloris obtusirostris (Peters, 1851) Yellow golden mole
Chlorotalpa duthieae (Broom, 1907) Duthie's golden mole
Chiorotalpa sclateri (Broom, 1907) Sdater's golden mole
Chrysochloris asiatica (Linnaeus, 1758) Cape golden mole
Chrysochloris visagiei (Broom, 1950) Visagie's golden mole
Chrysospalax trerelyani (Günther, 1875) Giant golden mole
Chrysospalax villosus (A. Smith, 1833) Rough-haired golden mole
Cryptochloris wintoni (Broom, 1907) De Winton's golden mole
Cryptochloris zyli (Shortridge &, Carter, 1938) Van Zyl’s golden mole
Eremitalpa granti (Broom, 1907) Grant’s golden mole
Neambtysomus gunningi (Broom, 1908) Gunning's golden mole
Neambtysomus julianae (Meester, 1972) Juliana’s golden mole
Order: Eulipotyphla (Insectivora)
Family: Soricidae
Crocidura cyanea (Duvemoy, 1838) Reddish-grey musk shrew
Crocidura flavescens (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827) Greater red musk shrew
Crociduru fuscomurina (Heuglin, 1865) Tiny musk shrew
Crocidura hirta (Peters, 1852) Lesser red musk shrew
Crocidura maquassiensis (Roberts, 1946) Maquassie musk shrew
Crocidura mariquensis (A. Smith, 1844) Swamp musk shrew
Crocidura silacea (Thomas, 1895) Lesser grey-brown musk shrew
Myosorex cafer (Sundevall, 1846) Dark-footed forest shrew
Myosorex longicaudatus (Meester & Dippenaar 1978) Long-tailed forest shrew
Myosorex sclateri (Thomas & Schwann, 1905) Sclater’s forest shrew
Myosorex varius (Smuts, 1832) Forest shrew
Suncus infinitesimus (Heller, 1812) Least dwarf shrew
Suncus lixus (Thomas, 1898) Greater dwarf shrew
Suncus varilla (Thomas, 1895) Lesser dwarf shrew
Order: Chiroptera
Chaerephon ansorgei (Thomas, 1913) Ansorge’s free-tailed bat
Chaerephon pumila (Cretzschmar, 1826) Little free-tailed bat
Cistugo lesueri (Robberts, 1919) Lesueur's hairy bat
Cistugo scabrai (Thomas, 1912) Angolan hairy bat
Claeotis percivali (Thomas, 1901) Short-eared trident bat
Eidolon helvum (Kerr, 1792) Straw-coloured fruit bat
Epomophorus gambianus (Ogilby, 1835) Gambian epauletted fruit bat
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Sundevall, 1846) Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat
Eptesicus hottentotus (A. Smith, 1833) Long-tailed serorine bat
Glauconycteris variegata (Tomes, 1861) Butterfly bat
Hipposideros caffer (Sundevall, 1846) Sundevall's roundleaf bat
Hipposideros commersoni (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1813) Commerson’s roundleaf bat
Hypsugo anchietae (Seabra, 1900) Anchieta's pipistrelle
Kerivoula argentata (Tomes, 1861) Damara woolly bat
Kerivoula lanosa (A. Smith, 1847) Lesser woolly bat
Laephotis botswanae (Setzer, 1971) Botswana long-eared bat
Laephotis wintoni (Setzer, 1971) De Winton's long-eared bat
Miniopterus fraterculus (Thomas & Schwann, 1906) Lesser long-fingered bat
Miniopterus schreibersii (Kuhl, 1817) Schreibers’ long-fingered bat
Mops condylurus (A. Smith, 1838) Angolan free-tailed bat
Mops midas (Sundevall, 1843) Midas free-tailed bat
Mormopterus acetabulosus (Hermann, 1804) Natal free-tailed bat
Myotis bocagei (Peters, 1870) Rufous mouse-eared bat
Myotis tricolor (Temminck, 1832) Temminck's hairy bat
Myotis welwitschii (Grap, 1866) Welwitsch's hairy bat
Neoromicia capensis (A. Smith, 1829) Cape serotine bat
Neoromicia nanus (Peters, 1852) Banana bat
Neoromicia redalli (Thomas, 1889) Rendall's serotine bat
Neoromicia zuluensis (Roberts, 1924) Aloe serotine bat
Nycteris hispida (Von Schreber, 1774) Hairy slit-faced bat
Nycteris thebaica (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1813) Egyptian slit-faced bat
Nycteris woodi (K. Andersen, 1914) Wood's slit-faced bat
Nycticeinops schlieffenni (Peters, 1859) Schlieffen's bat
Otomops martiensseni (Matschie, 1897) Large-eared free-tailed bat
Pipistrellus hesperidus (Kuhl, 1817) African pipistrelle
Pipistrelus rueppellii (J.B. Fischer, 1829) Ruppell's pipistrelle
Pipistretius rusticus (Tomes, 1861) Rusty pipistrelle
Rhinolophus blasii (Peters, 1867) Blasius’s horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus capensis (Lichtenstein, 1823) Cape horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus clivosus (Cretzschmar, 1828) Geoffroy's horseshoe bat
Rbinolophus darlingi (K. Andersen, 1905) Darling's horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus denti (Thomas, 1904) Dent's horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus fumigatus (Rupell, 1842) Ruppells horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus hildebrandtii (Peters, 1878) Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat
Rhinolopbus landeri (Martin, 1838) Lander’s horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus simulator (K. Andersen, 1904) Bushveld horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus swinnyi (Gough, 1908) Swinny's horseshoe bat
Rousettuss aegyptiacus (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1810) Egyptian rousette
Sauromys petrophilus (Roberts, 1917) Flat-headed free-tailed bat
Scotoecus albofuscus (Thomas, 1890) Light-winged lesser house bat
Scotophilus dinganii (A. Smith, 1833) African yellow bat
Scotophilus viridis (Peters, 1852) Greenish yellow bat
Tadarida aegyptiaca (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818) Egyptian free-tailed bat
Todarida fulminans (Thomas, 1903) Madagascan large free-tailed bat
Tadarida ventralis (Heugirn, 1861) African free-tailed bat
Taphozous mauritianus (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818) Mauritian tomb bat
Taphozous perforates (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818) Egyptian tomb bat
Order: Macroscelidea (Insectivora)
Elephantulus brachyrhynchus (A. Smith, 1836) Short-snouted elephant-shrew
Elephantulus edwardii (A. Smith, 1839) Cape rock elephant-shrew
Elephantulus intufi (A. Smith, 1836) Bushveld elephant-shrew
Elephantulus myurus (Thomas & Schwann, 1906) Eastern rock elephant-shrew
Ekphantulus rupestris (A. Smith, 1831) Western rock elephant-shrew
Macroscelides proboscideus (Shaw, 1800) Round-eared elephant-shrew
Petrodromus tetradactylus (Peters, 1846) Four-toed elephant-shrew
Order: Hyracoidea
Dendrohyrax arboreus (A. Smith, 1872) Tree hyrax / Dassie
Heterohyrax brucei (Grey, 1868) Yellow-spotted rock hyrax / Dassie
Procaria capensis (Pallas, 1766) Rock hyrax
Order: Lagomorpha
Lepus capensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Cape hare
Lepus saxatilis (F. Cuvier, 1823) Scrub hare
Pronolagus crassicaudatus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1823) Natal red rock rabbit
Pronolagus randensis (Jameson, 1907) Jameson's red rock rabbit
Pronolagus rupestris (A. Smith, 1834) Smith’s red rock rabbit
Pronolagus saundersiae (Hewitt, 1927) Hewitt's red rock rabbit
Order: Rodentia
Acomys spinosissimus (Peters, 1852) Spiny mouse
Acomys subspinosus (Waterhouse, 1838) Cape spiny mouse
Aethomys chrysophilus (De Winton, 1897) Red veld rat
Aethomys granti (Wroughton, 1908) Grant's rock mouse
Aethomys ineptus (Thomas & Wroughton, 1908) Tete veld rat
Aethomys namaquensis (A Smith, 1834) Namaqua rock mouse
Bathyergus janetta (Thomas & Schwann, 1904) Nomaqua dune mole-rat
Bathyeryps suillus (Von Schrebcr, 1782) Cape dune mole-rat
Cricetomys gambianus (Waterhouse, 1840) Gambian giant rat
Cryptomys damarensis (Ogilby, 1838) Damaraland mole-rat
Cryptomys hottentotus (Lesson, 1826) African mole-rat
Dasymys capensis (Roberts, 1836) Cane marsh rat
Dasymys incomtus (Sundevall, 1847) African marsh rat
Dasymys sp. Roberts’ marsh rat
Dendromus melanotis (A. Smith, 1834) Grey climbing mouse
Dendromus mesomelas (Brants, 1827) Brants’ climbing mouse
Dendromus mystacalis (Heugiin, 1863) Chestnut climbing mouse
Dendromus nyikae (Wroughton, 1909) Nyika climbing mouse
Desmodillus auricularis (A. Smith, 1834) Short-tailed gerbil
Georychus capensis (Pallas, 1778) Cape mole-rat
Gerbillurus paeba (A. Smith, 1836) Hairy-footed gerbil
Gerbillurus vallinus (Thomas, 1918) Brush-tailed hairy-footed gerbil
Grammomys cometes (Thomas & Wroughton, 1908) Mocambique thicket rat
Grammomys dolichurus (Smuts, 1832) Woodland thicket rat
Graphiurus murinus (Desmarest, 1822) Woodland dormouse
Graphiurus ocularis (A. Smith, 1829) Spectacled dormouse
Graphiurus platyops (Thomas, 1897) Rock dormouse
Hystrix africaeustralis (Peters, 1852) Cape porcupine
Lemniscomys rosalia (Thomas, 1904) Single-striped grass mouse
Malacothrix typica (A. Smith, 1834) Gerbil mouse
Mastomys coucha (K. Smith, 1836) Southern multimammate mouse
Mastomys natalensis (A. Smith, 1834) Natal multimammate mouse
Mus indutus (Thomas, 1910) Desert pygmy mouse
Mus minutoides (A. Smith, 1834) Pygmy mouse
Mus neavei (Thomas, 1910) Neave’s pygmy mouse
Mus orangiae (Roberts, 1926) Free State pygmy mouse
Myomyscus verreauxi (A. Smith, 1834) Verreaux's mouse
Mystromys albicaudatus (A. Smith, 1834) White-tailed mouse
Otomys angoniensis (Wroughton. 1906) Angoni viei rat
Otomys irroratus (Brants, 1827) Vlei rat
Otomys laminatus (Thomas & Schwann, 1905) Laminate vlei rat
Otomys saundersiae (Roberts, 1929) Saunders’ vlei rat
Otomys sloggetti (Thomas, 1902) Sloggett's vlei rat
Otomys unisulcatus (F. Cuvier, 1829) Bush viei rat
Paraxerus cepapi (A. Smith, 1836) Tree squirrel
Paraxerus palliatus (Peters, 1852) Red bush squirrel
Parotomys brantsii (A, Smith, 1834) Brants' whistling rat
Parotomys littledalei (Thomas 1918) Littledale's whistling rat
Pedetes capensis (Forster, 1778) Springhare
Petromus typicus (A. Smith, 1831) Dossie rat
Petromyscus barbouri (Shortridge & Carter, 1938) Barbour's rock mouse
Petromyscus collinus (Thomas & Hinton, 1925) Pygmy rock mouse
Petromyscus monticularis (Thomas & Hinton, 1925) Brukkaros pygmy rock mouse
Rhabdomys pumilio (Spearman, 1784) Four-striped grass mouse
Saccostomus campestris (Peters, 1846) Pouched mouse
Steatomys krebsii (Peters, 1852) Krebs's fat mouse
Steatomys pratensis (Peters, 1846) Fat mouse
Tatera afra (Gray, 1830) Cape gerbil
Tatera brantsii (A. Smith, 1836) Highveld gerbil
Tatera leucogaster (Peters, 1852) Bushveld gerbil
Thallomys nigricauda (Thomas, 1882) Black-tailed tree rat
Thallomys paedulcus (Sundevall, 1846) Acacia rat
Thryonomus winderianus (Temminck, 1827) Greater canerat
Xerus inauris (Zimmermann, 1780) South African gr cvound squirrel
Xerus princeps (Thomas, 1929) Damara or Kaokoveld ground squirrel
Zelotomys woosnami (Schwann, 1906) Woosnam's desert mouse
Order: Carnovora
Aonyx capensis (Schinz, 1821) African / Cape clawless otter
Arctocephalus pusillus (Von Schreber, 1775) South African fur seal
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Gray, 1872) Subantarctic fur seal
Atilax paludinosus (G. Cuvier, 1829) Marsh mongoose / Water mongoose
Cynictis penicillata (G. Cuvier, 1829) Yellow mongoose
Galerella pulverulenta (Wagner, 1839) Cape grey mongoose
Galerella sanguinea (Ruppell, 1836) Slender mongoose
Genetta genetta (Linnaeus, 1758) Small-spotted genet
Genetta maculata (Gray, 1830) Common large-spotted genet
Genetta tigrina (Von Schreber, 1776) South African large-spotted genet
Helogale parvula (Sundevall, 1847) Dwarf mongoose
Herpestes ichneumon (Linnaeus, 1758) Large grey mongoose
Ichneumia albicauda (G. Cuvier, 1829) White-tailed mongoose
Mungos mungo (Gmelin, 1788) Banded mongoose
Suricala suricatta (Von Schreber, 1776) Meerkat / Suricate
Order: Perissodactyla
Equus quagga (Gmelin, 1788) Plains zebra
Order: Suiformes
Phacochoerus africanus (Gmelin, 1788) Common warthog
Order: Whippomorpha
Hippopotamus amphibius (Linnaeus, 1758) Hippopotamus
Order: Ruminantia
Aepyceros melampus (Lichtenstein, 1812) Impala
Alcelaphus buselaphus (Pallas, 1766) Red harrebeest
Alcelaphus lichtensteinii (Peters, 1849) Lichtenstein's hartebeest
Antidocas marsupialis (Zimmermann, 1780) Springbok
Cephalophus natalensis (A. Smith, 1834) Red duiker
Connochaetes gnou (Zimmermann, 1780) Black wildebeest
Connochaetes taurinus (Burchell, 1823) Blue wildebeest
Damaliscus lunatus (Burchell, 1823) Tsessebe
Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi (Pallas, 1766) Blesbok
Damaliscus pygargus pygargus (Pallas, 1767) Bontebok
Giraffa camelopardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) Giraffe
Hippotragus equinus (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803) Roan antelope
Hippotragus niger (Harris, 1838) Sable antelope
Kobus ellipsprymnus (Ogilby, 1833) Waterbuck
Neotrugus maschatus (Von Dueben, 1846) Suni
Oreotragus oreotragus (Zimmermann, 1783) Klipspringer
Oryx gazella (Linnaeus, 1758) Oryx / Gemsbok
Ourebia ourebi (Zimmermann) 1783) Oribi
Pelea capreolus (Forster, 1790) Grey rhebok
Philantomba monticola (Thunberg, 1789) Blue duiker
Raphicerus campestris (Thunberg, 1811) Steenbok
Raphicerus melanotis (Thunberg, 1811) Cape grysbok
Raphicerus sharpei (Thomas, 1897) Sharpe's grysbok
Redunca arundinum (Boddacrt, 1785) Southern reedbuck
Redunca fulvorufula (Afzelius, 1815) Mountain reedbuck
Sylvicapra grimmia (Linnaeus, 1758) Common duiker / Grey duiker
Synarus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) African buffalo
Tragelaphus angasii (Angas, 1849) Nyala
Tragelaphus oryx (Pallas, 1766) Eland
Tragelaphus scriptus (Pallas, 1766) Bushbuck
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (Pallas, 1766) Greater kudu
Class: Aves All indigenous birds, except those listed in Schedule 1, 3, and 6.
Order: Anseriformes
Alpochen aegyptiaca Egyptian Goose
Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas capensis Cape Teal
Anas chypeata Northern Shoveler
Anas erythrorhyncha Red-billed Teal
Anas hottentota Hottentot Teal
Anas querquedula Garganey
Anas smithii Cape Shoveler
Anas sparsa African Black Duck
Anas undulate Yellow-billed Duck
Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Duck
Dendrocygna vidduata White-faced Duck
Netta erythrophthalma Southern Pochard
Nettapus auritus African Pygmy-goose
Oxyura maccoa Maccoa Duck
Plectrapterys gambensis Spur-winged Goose
Sardidiornis melanatos Comb Duck
Tadorna cana South African Shelduck
Phalassomis leuconotus White-backed Duck
Order: Apodiformes
Apus affinis Little Swift
Apus apus Common Swift
Apus barbatus African Black Swift
Apus bradfieldi Bradfield's Swift
Apus caffer White-rumped Swift
Apus horus Horus Swift
Apus pallidus Pallid Swift
Cypsiurus parvus African Palm-Swift
Neafrapus boehmi Bohm’s Spinetail
Tachymarptis melba Alpine Swift
Telucanthura ussheri Mottled Spinetail
Order: Bucerotiformes
Bycanistes bucinator Trumpeter Hornbill
Tockus alboterminatus Crowned Hornbill
Tockus erytghrorbynchus Red-billed Hornbill
Tockus leucomelas Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill
Tockus nasutus African Grey Hornbill
Order: Cuculiformes
Centropus burchellii Burchell's Coucal
Centropus grillii Black Coucal
Centropus senegalensis Senegal Coucal
Centropus superciliosus White-browed Coucal
Ceuthmochares aereus Green
Chrysococcyx caprius Diderick Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx caprius African Emerald Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx Klaas Klaas's Cuckoo
Clamator glandarius Great Spotted Cuckoo
Clamator jacobinus Jacobin Cuckoo
Clamaior levaillantii Levaillant's Cuckoo
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo
Cuculus clamosus Black Cuckoo
Cuculus gularis African Cuckoo
Cuculus poliocephalus Lesser Cuckoo
Cuculus rochii Madagascar Cuckoo
Cuculus solitarius Red-chested Cuckoo
Pachycoccyx audeberti Thick-billed Cuckoo
Order: Columbiformes
Aplopelia larvata Lemon Dove
Columba arqualtrix African Olive-pigeon
Columba delegorguei Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon
Columba guinea Speckled Pigeon
Columba livia Rock Dove
Oena capensis Namaqua Dove
Streptopelia capicola Cape Turtle-Dove
Streptopelia decipiens African Mourning Dove
Streptopelia semitorquata Red-eyed Turtle-Dove
Streptopelia senegalensis Laughing Dove
Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-Dove
Treron calvus African Green-Pigeon
Turtur afer Blue-spotted Wood-Dove
Turtur chalcospilos Emerald-spotted Wood- Dove
Turtur tympanistria Tambourine Dove
Order: Coraciiformes
Alcedo cristata Malachite Kingfisher
Alcedo semitorquata Half-collared Kingfisher
Ceryle rudis Pied Kingfisher
Coracias caudatus Lilac-breasted Roller
Coracias garrulous European Roller
Coracias naevius Purple Roller
Coracias spatulatus Racket-tailed Roller
Eurystomus glaucurus Broad-billed Roller
Halcyon albiventris Brown-hooded Kingfisher
Halcyon chelicuti Striped Kingfisher
Halcyon leucocephala Grey-headed Kingfisher
Halcyon senegalensis Woodland Kingfisher
Halcyon senegaloides Mangrove Kingfisher
Ispidina picta African Pygmy-Kingfisher
Megaceryle maxima Giant Kingfisher
Merops albicollis White-throated Bee-eater
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater
Merops bullockoides White-fronted Bee-eater
Merops birundineus Swallow-tailed Bee-eater
Merops nubicoides Southern Carmine Bee-eater
Merops persicus Blue-cheeked Bee-eater
Merops pusillus Little Bee-eater
Merops superciliosus Madagascar Bee-eater
Order: Charadriiformes
Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper
Actophilornis africanus African Jacana
Anous stolidus Brown Noddy
Anous tenuirostris Lesser Noddy
Annada interpres Ruddy Turnstone
Burhinus capensis Spotted Thick-knee
Burhinus rermiculatus Water Thick-knee
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris alpina Dunlin
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris canutus Red Knot
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris melanatos Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris minuta Little Stint
Calidris ruficollis Red-necked Stint
Calidris subminuta Long-toed Stint
Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint
Calidris tenuirostris Great Knot
Catharatta Antarctica Subantarctic Skua
Catharatta maccormicki South Polar Skua
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover
Charadrius asiaticus Caspian Plover
Charadrius biaticula Common Ringed Plover
Charadrius leschenaullii Greater Sand Plover
Charadrius marginatus White-fronted Plover
Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand Plover
Charadrius pecuarius Kittlitz's Plover
Charadrius tricollaris Three-banded Plover
Chionis albus Greater Sheathbill
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern
Chlidonias niger Black Tern
Cursorius rufus Burchell's Courser
Cursorius temminickii Temminck's Courser
Dromas ardeola Crab Plover
Gallinago media Great Snipe
Gallinago nigripennis African Snipe
Glareola nuchallis Rock Pratincole
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt
Larus cirrocephalus Grey-headed Gull
Larus dominicanus Kelp Gull
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus genei Slender-billed Gull
Larus hartlaubii Hartlaub's Gull
Larus heuglini Heuglins Gull
Larus pipixcan Franklin’s Gull
Larus ridibundus Common Black-headed Gull
Larus sabini Sabine's Gull
Limicola falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper
Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit
Microparra capensis Lesser Jacana
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew
Numenius phaeopus Common Whimbrei
Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope
Phaloropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope
Philomachus pugnax Ruff
Plurialis dominica American Golden Plover
Pluvialis fulva Pacific Golden Plover
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover
Pterocles bicinctus Double-banded Sandgrouse
Pterocles burchelli Burchell's Sandgrouse
Pterocles gutturalis Yellow-troated Sandgrouse
Pterocles namaqua Namaqua Sandgrouse
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet
Rhinoptilus africanus Double-banded Courser
Rhinoptilus chalcopterus Bronze-winged Courser
Rhinoptilus cinctus Three-banded Courser
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake
Rynchops flavirostris African Skimmer
Steganopus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger
Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger
Sterna albifrons Little Tern
Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern
Sterna bengalensis Lesser Crested Tern
Sterna bergii Swift Tern
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern
Sterna fuscata Sooty Tern
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern
Sterna repressa White-cheeked Tern
Sterna sandvicensis Sandwich Tern
Sterna sumatrana Black-raped Tern
Sterna vittata Antaretic Tern
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank
Tringa achropus Green Sandpiper
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper
Tringa totanus Common Redshank
Pryngites subruficollis Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Vanellus albiceps Whitecrowned Lapwing
Vanellus armatus Blacksmith Lapwing
Vanellus caronalus Crowned Lapwing
Vanellus crassirostris Long-toed Lapwing
Vanellus lugubris Senegal Lapwing
Vanellus melanopterus Black-winged Lapwing
Vanellus senegallus Afncan Wattled Lapwing
Vanellus spinosus Spur-winged Lapwing
Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper
Order: Ciconiiformes
Anastomus lamelligerus Afncan Openbill
Anhinga rufa African Darter
Aptenodytes patagonicus King Penguin
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron
Ardea goliath Goliath Heron
Ardea melanocephala Black-headed Heron
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron
Ardeola rufiventris Rufous-bellied Heron
Bostrychia hagedash Hadeda Ibis
Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Bubweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel
Bulweria fallax Jouanin's Petrel
Butorides striata Green-backed Heron
Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater
Caloneclris leucomelas Streaked Shearwater
Ciconia abdimii Abdim's Stork
Ciconia ciconia White Stork
Ciconia episcopus Woolly-necked Stork
Daption capsnse Pintado Petrel
Diomedea dabbenena Tristan Albatross
Diomedea epomophora Southern Royal Albatross
Diomedea exulans Wandering Albatross
Diomedea sanfordi Northern Royal Albatross
Egretta alba Great Egret
Egretta ardesiaca Black Heron
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Egretta garzetta Little Egret
Egretta gularis Western Reef Heron
Egretta intermedia Yellow-billed Egret
Egretta thula Snowy Egret
Egretta vinaceigula Slaty Egret
Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird
Fregata minor Greater Frigatebird
Fregata grallaria White-bellied Storm-Petrel
Fregata tropica Black-bellied Storm-Petrel
Fulmarus glaciaoloides Southern Fulmar
Halobaena caerulea Blue Petrel
Hydrobates pelagicus European Storm-Petrel
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern
Ixobrychus sturmii Dwarf Bittern
Lugensa brevirostris Kerguelen Petrel
Macronectes giganteus Southern Giant-Petrel
Macronectes halli Northern Giant-Petrel
Morus capensis Cape Gannet
Morus serrator Australian Gannet
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron
Octanites oceanicus Wilson’s Storm-Petrel
Oceanodroma leucorhoa Leach's Storm-Petrel
Oceanodroma matsudairae Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel
Pachyptila belcheri Slender-billed Prion
Pachyptila desolata Antarctic Prion
Pachyptila salvini Salvin's Prion
Pachyptila turtur Fairy Prion
Pachyptila vittata Broad-billed Prion
Pelagodroma marina White-faced Storm-Petrel
Phaethon aethereus Red-billed Tropicbird
Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird
Phaethon rubricanda Red-tailed Tropicbird
Phalacrocorax africanux Reed Cormorant
Pbalacrocorax lucidus White-breasted Cormorant
Phoebastria immutabilis Laysan Albatross
Phoebetris fusca Sooty Albatross
Phoebetria palpebrata Light-mantled Albatross
Platalea alba African Spoonbill
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe
Procellaria cinerea Grey Petrel
Procellaria conspicilluta Spectacled Petrel
Pterodroma baraui Barau’s Petrel
Pterodroma incerta Atlantic Petrel
Pterodroma lessonii White-headed Petrel
Pterodroma macroptera Great-winged Petrel
Pterodroma mollis Soft-plumaged Petrel
Puffinus assimilis Little Shearwater
Puffinus bailloni Tropical Shearwater
Puffinus carneipes Flesh-footed Shearwater
Puffinus gravis Great Shearwater
Puffinus griseus Sooty Shearwater
Puffinus maurelanicus Balearic Shearwater
Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater
Scopus umbretta Hamerkop
Spheniscus demersus African Penguin
Sula leucogaster Brown Booby
Sula sula Red-footed Booby
Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe
Thalassarche bulleri Buller's Albatross
Thalassarche cauta Shy Albatross
Thalassarche chlororhynchos Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross
Thalassarche eremite Chatham Albatross
Thalassarche melanophrys Black-browed Albatross
Thalassarche salvini Salvin's Albatross
Thalassoica antarctica Antarctic Petrel
Threskionis aethiopicus African Sacred Ibis
Order: Falconiformes
  All species not listed on Schedule 1
Order: Galliformes
Coturnix adansonii Blue Quail
Coturnix coturnix Common Quail
Coturnix delegorguei Harlequin Quail
Dendroperdix sephaena Crested Francolin
Guttera edouardi Crested guineafowl
Numida meleagris Helmeted guinea fowl
Pternistis adspersus Red-billed Spurfowl
Pternistis afer Red-necked Spurfowl
Pternistis tapensis Cape Spurfowl
Pternistis natalensis Natal Spurfowl
Pternistis swainsoni Swainson's Spurfowl
Scleroptila africanus Grey-wing Francolin
Scleroptila levailantii Red-wing Francolin
Scleroptila levaillantoides Orange River Francolin
Scleroptila shellyi Shelley’s Francolin
Order: Gruiformes
Aenigmatolimnas marginalis Striped Crake
Afrotis afra Southern Black Korhaan
Afrotis afraoides Northern Black Korhaan
Amauronis flavirostra Black Crake
Crecopsis egregia African Crake
Crex crex Corncrake
Eupodotis senegalensis White-bellied Korhaan
Eupodotis vigorsii Karoo Korhaan
Fulica cristata Red-Knobbed Coot
Gallinula angulata Lesser Moorhen
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen
Lissotis melanogaster Black-bellied Bustard
Lophotis ruficrista Red-crested Korhaan
Podica senegalensis Afncan Finfoot
Porphyrio alleni Alien's Gallinule
Porphyrio madagascariensis African Purple Swamphen
Porphyrio martinicus American Purple Gallinule
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake
Porzana pusilla Bailion's Crake
Rallus caerulescens African Rail
Sarothrura affins Striped Flufftail
Sarothrura ayresi White-winged Flufftail
Sarothrura boehmi Streaky-breasted Flufftail
Sarothrura elegans Buff-spotted Flufftail
Sarothrura rufa Red-chested Flufftail
Order: Musophagiformes
Corythaixoides concolor Grey Go-away-bird
Gallirex porphyreolophus Purple-crested Turaco
Tauraco livingstonii Livingstone's Turaco
Order: Passeriformes
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-Warbler
Acrocephalus baeticatus African Reed-Warbler
Acrocephalus gracilirostris Lesser Swamp-Warbler
Aerocephalus griseldis Basra Reed-Warbler
Acrocephalus palustris Marsh Warbler
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler
Acrocephalus scirpaceus Eurasian Reed-Warbler
Amadina crythrocephala Red-headed Finch
Amadina fasciata Cut-throat Finch
Amblyospiza albifrons Thick-billed Weaver
Anaplectes melanotis Red-headed Weaver
Andropadus importunes Sombre Greenbul
Anamalospiza imberbis Cuckoo Finch
Anthobaphes violacea Orange-breasted Sunbird
Anthoscopus caroli Grey Penduline-Tit
Anthoscopus minutus Cape Penduline-Tit
Anthreptes reichenowi Plain-backed Sunbird
Anthus brachyurus Short-tailed Pipit
Anthus coffer Bushveld Pipit
Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit
Anthus chloris Yellow-breasted Pipit
Anthus cinnamomeus African Pipit
Anthus crenatus African Rock Pipit
Anthus hoeschi Mountain Pipit
Anthus leucophrys Plain-backed Pipit
Anthus lineiventris Striped Pipit
Anthus longicaudatus Long-tailed Pipit
Anthus pseudosimilis Kimberley Pipit
Anthus similis Long-billed Pipit
Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit
Anthus vaalensis Buffy Pipit
Apalis flavida Yellow-breasted Apalis
Apalis ruddi Rudd's Apalis
Apalis thoracica Bar-throated Apalis
Batis capensis Cape Batis
Batis fratrum Woodward's Batis
Batis molitor Chinspot Batis
Batis pririt Pririt Batis
Batis musicus Black-and-white Flycatcher
Bradornis infuscatus Chat Flycatcher
Bradornis mariquensis Marico Flycatcher
Bradornis pallidus Pale Flycatcher
Bradypterus baboecala Little Rush-Warbler
Bradypterus barratti Barratt's Warbler
Bradypterus sylvsticus Knysna Warbler
Bubalornis niger Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver
Calamonastes fasciolatus Barred Wren-Warbler
Calamonastes stierlingi Stierling’s Wren-Warbler
Calandrella cinerea Red-capped Lark
Calendulauda africanoides Fawn-coloured Lark
Calendulauda albescens Karoo Lark
Calendulauda sabota Sabota Lark
Camaroptera brachyura Green-backed Camaroprera
Camaroptera brevicaudata Grey-backed Camaroptera
Campephaga flava Black Cuckooshrike
Cercomela familiaris Familiar Chat
Cercomela schlegelii Karoo Chat
Cercomela sinuate Sickle-winged Chat
Cercomela tractrac Tractrac Chat
Cercotrichas coryphoeus Karoo Scrub-Robin
Cercotrichas leucophrys White-browed Scrub-Robin
Cercotrichas paena Kalahari Scrub-Robin
Cercotrichas quadrivirgata Bearded Scrub-Robin
Cercotrichas signata Brown Scrub-Robin
Certhilauda brevirostris Agulhas Long-billed Lark
Certhilauda chuana Shortclawed Lark
Certhilauda curvirostris Cane Long-billed Lark
Certhilauda semitorquata Eastern Long-billed Lark
Certhilauda subcoronata Karoo Long-billed Lark
Chaetops aurantius Drakensberg Rock-jumper
Chaetops frenatus Cape Rock-jumper
Chalcomitra amethystina Amethyst Sunbird
Chalcomtira senegalensis Scarlet-chested Sunbird
Chersomanes albofasciata Spike-heeled Lark
Chlolocichla flaviventris Yellow-bellied Greenbul
Chloropeta natalensis Dark-capped Yellow Warbler
Cichladusa arquata Collared Palm-Thrush
Cinnyrinclus leucogaster Violet-backed Starling
Cinnyris afer Greater Double-collared Sunbird
Cinnyris bifasciatus Purple-banded Sunbird
Cinnyris chalybeus Southern Double-collared Sunbird
Cinnyris fuscus Dusky Sunbird
Cinnyris mariquensis Marico Sunbird
Cinnyris neergaardi Neergaard's Sunbird
Cinnyris talatala White-bellied Sunbird
Cinnyris venustus Vanable Sunbird
Cisticola aberrans Lazy Cisticola
Cisticola aridulus Desert Cisticola
Cisticola ayresii Wing-snapping Cisticola
Cisticola chiniana Rattling Cisticola
Cisticola cinnamomeus Pole-crowned Cisticola
Cisticola erythrops Red-faced Cisticola
Cisticola fulvicapilla Neddicky
Cisticola galactotes Rufous-winged Cisticola
Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola
Cisticola lais Wailing Cisticola
Cisticola natalensis Croaking Cisticola
Cisticola rufilatus Tinkling Cisticola
Cisticola subruficapilla Grey-backed Cisticola
Cisticola textrix Cloud Cisticola
Cisticola tinniens Levaillant's Cisticola
Coccopygia melanotis Swee Waxbill
Coracina caesia Grey Cuckooshrike
Coracina pectoralis White-breasted Cuckooshrike
Corvinella melanoleuca Magpie Shrike
Corvus albicollis White-necked Raven
Cossypha caffra Cape Robin-Chat
Cossypha dichroa Chorister Robin-Chat
Cossypha heuglini White-browed Robin-Chat
Cossypha humeralis White-throated Robin-Chat
Cossypha natalensis Red-capped Robin-Chat
Craetophora cinerea Wattled Starling
Crithagra albogularis White-throated Canary
Crithagra atrogularis Black-throated Canary
Crithagra citrinipecta Lemon-breasted Canary
Crithagra flaviventris Yellow Canary
Crithagra gularis Streaky-headed Seedeater
Crithagra leucoptera Protea Seedeater
Crithagra mozambica Yellow- fronted Canary
Crithagra scotops Forest Canary
Crithagra sulphurata Brimstone Canary
Crithagra symonsi Drakensberg Siskin
Crithagra totta Cape Siskin
Cyptillas victorini Victorin's Warbler
Cyanomitra olivacea Olive Sunbird
Cyanomitra veroxii Grey Sunbird
Delichon urbicum Common House-Martin
Dicrurus adsimilis Fork-tailed Drongo
Dicrurus ludwigii Square-tailed Drongo
Dryoscopus cubla Black-backed Puffback
Elminia albonotata White-tailed Crested Flycatcher
Emberiza capensis Cape Bunting
Emberiza flaviventris Golden-breasted Bunting
Emberiza impetuani Lark-like Bunting
Emberiza tahapisi Cinnamon-breasted Bunting
Eremomela gregalis Karoo Eremornela
Eremomela icteropygialis Yellow-bellied Eremomela
Eremomela scotops Green-capped Eremomela
Eremomela usticollis Bumt-necked Eremomela
Eremopterix australis Black-eared Sparrowlark
Eremopterix leucotis Chestnut-backed Sparrowlark
Eremopterix verticalis Grey-backed Sparrowlark
Estrilda astrild Common Waxbill
Estrilda erythronotos Black-faced Waxbill
Estrilda perreini Grey Waxbill
Euplectes afer Yellow-crowned Bishop
Euplectes albonotatus White-winged Widowbird
Euplectes ardens Red-collared Widowbird
Euplectes axillaris Fan-tailed Widowbird
Euplectes capensis Yellow Bishop
Euplectes progne Long-tailed Widowbird
Eurocephalus anguitimens Southern White-crowned Shrike
Euryptila subcinnamomea Cinnamon-breasted Warbler
Ficedula albicollis Collared Flycatcher
Galerida magnirostris Large-billed Lark
Granatina granalina Violet-eared Waxbill
Hedydipna collaris Collared Sunbird
Heteromirafra ruddi Rudd's Lark
Hippolais icterina Icterine Warbler
Hippolais olivetorum Olive-tree Warbler
Hirundo abyssinica Lesser Striped Swallow
Hirundo albigularis White-throated Swallow
Hirundo cucullata Greater Striped Swallow
Hirundo dimidiate Pearl-breasted Swallow
Hirundo fuligula Rock Martin
Hirundo rustica Bam Swallow
Hirundo semirufa Red-breasted Swallow
Hirundo senegalensis Mosque Swallow
Hirundo smithii Wire-tailed Swallow
Hirundo spilodera South African Cliff-Swallow
Hypargos niveoguttatus Red-throated Twinspot
Lagonosticta rhodapareia Jameson’s Firefinch
Lagonosticta rubricate African Firefinch
Lagonosticta senegala Red-billed Firefinch
Lamprotornis australis Burchell’s Starling
Lamprotornis chalybaeus Greater Blue-eared Starling
Lamprotornis corruscus Black-bellied Starling
Lamprotornis Elisabeth Miombo Blue-eared Starling
Lamprotornis mevesii Meves’s Starling
Lamprotornis nitens Cape Glossy Starling
Laniarius aethiopicus Tropical Boubou
Laniarius atrococcineus Crimson-breasted Shrike
Laniarius ferrugineus Southern Boubou
Lanius collaris Common Fiscal
Lanius collurio Red-backed Shrike
Lanius minor Lesser Grey Shrike
Lioptilus nigricapillus Bush Blackcap
Locustella fleviatilis River Warbler
Luscinia luscinia Thrush Nightingale
Macronyx ameliae Rosy-throated Longclaw
Macronyx capensis Cape Longclaw
Macronyx croceus Yellow-throated Longclaw
Malaconotus blanchoti Grey-headed Bush-Shrike
Malcorus pectoralis Rufous-cared Warbler
Melaenornis pammelaina Southern Black Flycatcher
Mirafra Africana Rufous-naped Lark
Mirafra apiata Cape Clapper Lark
Mirafra cheniana Melodious Lark
Mirafra fasciolata Eastern Clapper Lark
Mirafra passerine Monotonous Lark
Mirafra rufocinnamomea Flappet Lark
Monticola brevipes Short-toed Rock-Thrush
Monticola exploration Sentinel Rock-Thrush
Monticola rupestris Cape Rock-Thrush
Motacilla aguimp African Pied Wagtail
Motacilla capensis Cape Wagtail
Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail
Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail
Motacilla clara Mountain Wagtail
Motocilla flava Yellow Wagtail
Muscicapa adusta African Dusky Flycatcher
Muscicapa caerulescens Ashy Flycatcher
Musciacapa striata Spotted Flycatcher
Myioparus plumbeus Grey Tit-Flycatcher
Myrmecocichla arnoti Arnot's Chat
Myrmecocichla formicivora Anteating Chat
Nectarinia famosa Malachite Sunbird
Nicalor gularis Eastern Nicator
Nilaus afer Brubru
Oenanthe bifasciata Buff-streaked Chat
Oenanthe monticola Mountain Wheatear
Oenanthe oenantle Northern Wheatear
Oenanthe pileata Capped Wheatear
Oenanthe pleschanka Pied Wheatear
Onychognathus nabouroup Pale-winged Starling
Oriolus auratus African Golden Oriole
Oriolus chlorocephalus Green-headed Oriole
Oriolus larvatus Black-headed Oriole
Oriolus oriolus Eurasian Golden Oriole
Ortygpspiza atricollis African Quailfinch
Parisoma layardi Layard's Tit-Babbler
Parisoma subcaeruleum Chestnut-vented Tit-Babbler
Parus afer Grey Tit
Parus carpi Carp’s Tit
Parus cinerascens Ashy Tit
Parus niger Southern Black Tit
Passer diffuses Southern Grey-headed Sparrow
Passer motitensis Great Sparrow
Petronia superciliaris Yellow-throated Petronia
Philetairus socius Sociable Weaver
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart
Phragmacia substriata Namaqua Warbler
Phyllastrephus flavostriatus Yellow-streaked Greenbul
Phyllastrephus terrestris Terrestrial Brownbul
Phylloscopus ruficapilla Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler
Pinarocorys nigricans Dusky Lark
Pinaronis plumosus Boulder Chat
Pitta angolensis African Pitta
Platysteira peltata Black-throated Wattle-eye
Plocepasser mahali White-browed Sparrow-Weaver
Ploceus bicolor Dark-backed Weaver
Ploceus cucullatus Village Weaver
Ploceus intermedius Lesser Masked-Weaver
Ploceus ocularis Spectacled Weaver
Ploceus rubiginosus Chestnut Weaver
Ploceus subaureus Yellow Weaver
Ploceus xanthops Golden Weaver
Ploceus xanthopterus Southern Brown-throated Weaver
Pogonocichla stellata White-starred Robin
Prinia flavicans Black-chested Prinia
Prinia hypoxantba Drakensberg Prinia
Prinia maculosa Karoo Prinia
Prinia subflava Tawny-flanked Prinia
Prionops plumatus White-crested Helmet-Shrike
Prionops retzii Retz's Helmet-Shrike
Prionops scopifrons Chestnut-fronted Helmet-Shrike
Promerops cafer Cape Sugarbird
Promerops gurneyi Gurney's Sugarbird
Psalidoprocne albiceps White-headed Saw-wing
Psalidoprocne holomelas Black Saw-wing
Pseudhirundo griseopyga Grey-rumped Swallow
Psophocichla litsitsirupa Groundscraper Thrush
Pytilia afra Orange-winged Pytilia
Pytilia melba Green-winged Pytilia
Quelea erythrops Red-headed Quelea
Riparia cincta Banded Martin
Riparia paludicola Brown-throated Martin
Riparia riparia Sand Martin
Saxicola rubetra Whinchat
Saxicola torquatus African Stonechat
Schoenicola brevirostris Broad-tailed Warbler
Serinus alario Black-headed Canary
Serinus conicollis Cape Canary
Sigelus silens Fiscal Flycatcher
Smithornis capensis African Broadbill
Spermestes bicolor Red-backed Mannikin
Spermestes cucullata Bronze Mannikin
Spermestes fringilloides Magpie Mannikin
Sphenoeacus afer Cape Grassbird
Spizocorys conirostiris Pink-billed Lark
Spizocorys fringillaris Botha's Lark
Spizocorys starki Stark's Lark
Sporaeginithus subflavus Orange-breasted Waxbill
Sporopipes squamifrons Scaly-feathered Finch
Spreo bicolor Pied Starling
Stenostira scita Fairy Flycatcher
Sylvia atricapilla Blackcap
Sylvia borin Garden Warbler
Sylvia communis Common Whitethroat
Sylvietta rufescens Long-billed Crombec
Tchagra australis Brown-crowned Tchagra
Tchagra senegalus Black-crowned Tchagra
Tchagra tchagra Southern Tchagra
Telophorus nigrifrons Black- fronted Bush-Shrike
Telophorus olivaceus Olive Bush-Shrike
Telephorus sulfureopectus Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike
Telephorus viridis Gorgeous Bush-Shrike
Telophorus zeylonus Bokmakierie
Terpsiphone viridis African Paradise-Flycatcher
Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris Mocking Cliff-Chat
Tmetothylacus tenellus Golden Pipit
Trochocercus cyanomelas Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher
Turdoides bicolor Southern Pied Babbler
Turdoides jardineii Arrow-marked Babbler
Turdus libonyana Kurrichane Thrush
Turdus olivaceus Olive Thrush
Turdus smithi Karoo Thrush
Uraeginthus angolensis Blue Waxbill
Vidua chalybeata Village Indigobird
Vidua funerea Dusky Indigobird
Vidua macroura Pin-tailed Whydah
Vidua paradisaea Long-tailed Paradise-Whydah
Vidua purpurascens Purple Indigobird
Vidua regia Shaft-railed Whydah
Zoothera gurneyi Orange Ground-Thrush
Zoothera guttata Sported Ground-Thrush
Zosterops pallidus Orange River White-eye
Zosterops senegalensis African Yellow White-eye
Zosterops virens Cape White-eye
Order: Piciformes
Campethera abingoni Golden-tailed Woodpecker
Campethera bennettii Bennett's Woodpecker
Campethera notata Knysna Woodpecker
Dendropicos fuscescens Cardinal Woodpecker
Dendropicos griseocephalus Olive Woodpecker
Dendropicos namaquus Bearded Woodpecker
Geocolaptes olivaceus Ground Woodpecker
Indicator indicator Greater Honeyguide
Indicator minor Lesser Honeyguide
Indicator variegates Scaly-throated Honeyguide
Jynx ruficollis Red-throated Wryneck
Lybius torquatus Black-collared Barbet
Pogoniulus bilineatus Yellow-ramped Tinkerbird
Pogoniulus chrysocous Yellow-fronted Tinkerbtrd
Pogoniulus pusillus Red-fronted Tinkerbird
Prodotiscus regulus Brown-backed Honeybird
Prodotiscus zambesiae Green-backed Honeybird
Stactolaema leucotis White-eared Barbet
Stactolaema olivacea Green Barbet
Stactolaema whytii Whyte's Barbet
Trachyphonus vaillantii Crested Barbet
Tricholaema leucomelas Acacia Pied Barbet
Order: Psittaciformes
Agapornis roseicollis Rosy-faced Lovebird
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus Brown-headed Parrot
Poicephalus meyeri Meyer's Parrot
Order: Trogoniformes
Apaloderma narina Narina Trogon
Order: Turniciformes
Turnix hottentottus Hottentot Buttonquail
Turnix nanus Black-rumped Buttonquail
Turnix sylvaticus Kurrichane Buttonquail
Order: Upupiformes
Phoeniculus purpureus Green Wood-Hoopoe
Rhinopomastus cyanomelas Common Scimitarbill
Upupa Africana African Hoopoe
Order: Struthioniformes
Struthio camelus Ostrich, within extensive wildlife systems.
Family: Spheniscidae All penguins not listed on Schedule 1
Class: Reptilia
Order: Chelonia (Testudinata)
Family: Testudinidae All land tortoises and turtles, except those listed in Schedules 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Order: Squamatia
Family: Cordylidae
All species Girdled lizards, all species not listed on Schedule 1
Varanus aibiguiaris Veid monitor / Rock monitor / Leguan
Family: Lacertidae All lizards, except those listed in Schedules 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Sub order: Serpentes
Bitis gabonica Gaboon Adder
Bitis schneideri Namaqua Dwarf Adder / Schneider's adder
Dasypeltis spp. Egg-eaters, all species
Duberria spp. Slug-eaters, all species
Lamprophis spp. House Snakes, all species
Lycodonomorphus spp. Water Snakes, all species
Lycophidion spp. Wolf Snakes, all species
Mahelya capensis Cape File Snake
Mahelya nyassae Black File Snake
Mehelya spp. File snakes, all species
Philothammus spp. Green and Bush Snakes, all species
Prosymna spp. Shovel-snout Snakes, all species
Pseudaspis spp. Mole Snakes, all species
Varanus niloticus Water monitor / leguan
Order Crocodilia
Crocodylus niloticus Nile Crocodile
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura All frogs and toads, except those listed in Schdeules 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Class: Pisces All fishes, except those specified in Schedule 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Order: Cypriniformes
Barbus anoplus Chubbyhead barb
Labeo capensis Orange River mudfish
Mesobola brevianalis River sardine
Varicorhinus nelspruitensis Incomati Chiselmouth, Stumpnose
Order: Caraciformes
Brycinus lateralis Striped Robber
Hydrocynus viltatus Tigerfish
Order: Lamniformes
Carcharodon carcharius Great White Shark
Order: Perciformes
Anchichoerops natalensis Natal Wrasse
Argyrosomus hololepidotus Kob
Argyrosomus japonicus Dusky Kob
Chrysoblephus cristiceps Dageraad
Clinus spp. Rock cod, all species
Cymatoceps nasutus Black Musselcracker
Dichistius capensis Galjoen
Epinephelus albomarginatus White-edged Rockcod
Epinephelus andersoni Catface Rockcod
Epinephelus lanceolatus Brindle Bass
Epinephelus tukula Potato Bass
Lithognathus lithognathus White Steenbras
Oreochromis placidus Black Tilapia
Petrus rupestris Red Steenbras
Polysteganus undulosus Seventy-four Seabream
Pseudocrenilabrus philander Southern mouthbrooder
Serranochromis meridianus Lowveld Largemouth
Tilapia spurrmanii Banded tilapia, banded bream
Order: Siluriformes
Ciarias gariepinus Sharptooth catfish
Order: Mugiliformes
Mugil cephalus Flathead mullet
Myxus capensis Freshwater Mullet
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Nothobranchius orthonatus Spotted Killifish
Nothobranchius rachovii Rainbow Killifish
Order: Pristiformes
Pristis microdon Largetooth Sawfish
Pristis zijsron Longcomb Sawfish
Order: Coelacanthiformes
Latimeria chalumnae Coelacanth
Order: Anquilliformes
Anguilla mossambica Longfinned eel
Class: Arachnida
Order: Scorpiones
Hadogenes spp. Rock Scorpions, all species
Opistacanthus spp. Creeping Scorpions, all species
Opistophthalmus spp. Burrowing Scorpions, all species
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Dromica spp. Tiger Beetles, all species
Graphipterus assimilis Velvet Ground Beetle
Ichnestoma spp. Fruit Chafer Beetles, all species
Manticora spp. Monster Tiger Beetles, all species
Megacephala asperata Tiger Beetle
Megacephala regalis Tiger Beetle
Nigidius auriculatus Stag Beede
Oonotus adspersus Stag Beetle
Oonotus interioris Stag Beetle
Oonotus rex Stag Beetle
Oonotus sericeus Stag Beede
Platychile pallida Tiger Beetle
Prosopocoelus petitclerri Stag Beetle
Prothyma guttipennis Tiger Beetle
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lycaenidae All species
Family/Familie: Hepialidae All species
Family/Familie; Hesperiidae All species
Family/Familie: Nymphalidae All species
Family/Familie: Satyridae All species
Alaena margaritacea  
Aloeides clarki Coega Copper Butterfly
Aloeides dentatis dentatis Scarce Copper
Aloeides egerides Scarce Copper
Aloeides lutescens Scarce Copper
Aloeides lutescens Scarce Copper
Argyrnocupha malagrida Autumn Copper / Lion’s Head Copper
Charaxes spp. Emperor butterflies, all species
Charaxes xiphares xiphares Western / Forest Emperor,
Charaxes f. occidentalis Forest King
Lepidochtysops bacchus Wineland Blue
Lepidochtysops lotana Lotana blue butterfly
Leto venus Silver-spotted Ghost Moth
Metisella syrinx Bamboo Sylph
Oxychaeta dicksoni Dickson’s Copper
Poecilmitis aureus Golden Copper
Poecilmitis endymion Golden Copper
Poecilmitis nigricans aurivillius Blue Jewel Copper
Poecilmitis rileyi Blue Jewel Copper
Poecilmitis lyncurium Tsomo River Copper
Stygionympha dicksoni Dickson’s Brown
Thestor dicksoni dicksoni Dickson’s Thestor
Thestor kaplani Kaplan’s Thestor
Trimenia wallengrenii Wallengren’s Copper
Tsitana dicksoni Dickson's Sylph
Class: Onychophora
Peripatopsis alba White Cave Velvet Worm
Flora
  All indigenous plants, except those listed in Schedule 1, 3 and 6,
Family: Acanthceae
Barleria papillosa (T. Anderson)  
Monechma saxatile (Munday)  
Peristrophe spp. All species
Family: Adianthaceae
Adiantum spp. Maidenhair Fem, all species
Family: Agapanthaceae
Agapanthus spp. All species
Family: Aizoaceae (Mesembranthemaceae) All species
Family: Amaryllidaceae All species except those listed in Schedule 1
Family: Anthericaceae All species
Family: Apiaceae All species except those listed in Schedule 1
Family: Apocynaceae All species except those listed in Schedule 1
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Ilex mitis (Radlk.) Arum lilies, all species
Family: Araceae
Zantedeschia spp.  
Family: Araliaceae
Cussonia spp. Cabbage trees, all species
Family: Asphodelaceae All species except those listed as Schedule 1, and the species Aloe ferox
Family: Asteraceae
Heltchrysum jubilatum (Hilliard)  
Felicia deserti (Schltr. ex Grau)  
Gnaphalium simii (Bolus) (Hilliard & B.L. Burtt)  
Lapholoena longipes (Harv.) (Thell.)  
Senecio albo-punctatus (Bolus)  
Senecio trachylaenus (Harv.)  
Trichogyne lerouxiae (Beyers)  
Tripteris pinnatilobata (Norl.) (B. Nord.)  
Troglophyton acocksianum (Hilliard)  
Vellreophyton lasianthum (Schltr. & Moeser) (Hilliard)  
Family: Burmanniaceae
Burmania madagascariensis (Mart.) Wild Ginger
Family: Burseraceae
Commiphora spp. All species
Family: Capparaceae
Boscia spp. Sheperd’s trees, all species
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Dinanthus spp. All species
Family: Celastraceae
Gymnosporia spp. All species
Family: Colichicaceae
Androcymbium spp. All species
Gloriosa spp. All species
Family: Combretaceae
Combretum spp. All species
Family: Crassulaceae All species except those listed in Schedule 1
Family: Cupressaceae
Widdringtonia spp. Wild cypress, all species
Family: Cyatheaceae
Cyathea spp. Tree ferns, all species
Cyathea capensis (L.f) (Sm.) Tree Ferns
Family: Cyperaceae
Carex acocksii (C. Archer)  
Family: Droseraceae
Drosera spp. Sundew, all spesies
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Rumuhro spp. Seven Weeks Fern, all species
Family: Ericaceae Erica, all species
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Alchornea laxiflora (Benth.) (Pax & K. Hoffm) Venda Bead-string
Euphorbia spp. All species
Family: Fabaceae
Aspalanthus spp. Tea bush, all spesies
Erythina zeyberi (Harv.) Plougbreaker
Argyrolobium petiolare (E.Mey.) (Steud.)  
Caesalpinia bracteata (Germish.)  
Calliandra redacta (J.H. Ross) (Thulin & Asfaw)  
Crotalaria pearsonii (Baker f.)  
Indigofera limosa (L. Bolus)  
Lebeckia bowieana (Benth.)  
Polhillia involucrate (Thunb.) (B.-E.van Wyk & A.L. Schutte)  
Rhynchosia emarginata (Germish.)  
Wiborgia humilis (Thunb.) (R. Dahlgren)  
Family: Hyacinthaceae
Daubenya spp. Daubenya, all species
Lachenalia spp. Viooltjie, all species
Veltheimia spp. Forest Lily, all species
Eucomis spp. Pineapple flower, all species
Neopatersonia namaquensis  
Ornitbogalum spp. All species
Family: Iridaceae All species except those listed in Schedule 1
Family: Lauraceae
Ocotea spp. Stinkwood, all species
Family: Mesembryanthemaceae All species
Family: Meliaceae
Nymania capensis (Thunb.) (Lindb.) Chinese Lantern
Family: Oleaceae
Olea europaea subsp. africana (Mill.) (P.S. Green) Wild olive
Family: Orichidaceae Orchids, all species except those species listed in Schedule 1
Family: Orobanchacea
Harveya spp. Harveya, all species
Family: Oxalidaceae
Oxalis spp Sorrel, all species except those species listed in Schedule 1
Family: Plumbaginacea
Afrolimon namaquanum (L. Bolus) (Lincz)  
Family: Poaceae
Prachiaria dura var. dura  
Dregeochloa calviniensis (Conert)  
Pentaschistis lima (Nees) (Stapf)  
Family: Podocarpaceae
Podocarpus spp. Yellowwoods, ail species
Family: Portulacaceae
Anacampseros spp. All species
Avonia spp. All species
Portulaca foliosa (Ker-Gawl)  
Family: Proteaceae All species except those Listed in Schedule 1
Family: Restionaceae All species
Family: Rhamnaceae
Phylica spp. All species
Family: Rutaceae
Agathosma spp. Buchu, all species
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Diascia spp. All species
Halleria spp. All species
Jamesbrittenia spp. All species
Manulea spp. All species
Nemesia spp. All species
Phyllopodium spp. All species
Polycarena filiformis (Diels)  
Chaenostoma longipedicellatum (Hilliard) (Kornhall)  
Family: Stelitziaceae
Strelitzia spp All species
Family: Tecophilaeaceae
Cyanella spp. All species
Family: Thymelaeaceae
Gnidia leipoldtii (C.H. Wright)  
Family: Zingiberaceae
Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Schweinf.) (B.L. Burtt) Wild Ginger

Schedule 3

Common indigenous species


Scientific name Common name (where known)
Fauna
Class: Mammalia All indigenous animals, except those listed in Schdeule 1,2, 4, 5 and 6.
Class: Aves
Order: Coliiformes
Colius Colius White-backed Mousebird
Colius striatus Speckled Mousebird
Urocolius indicus Red-faced Mousebird
Order: Passeriformes
Corvus albus Pied Crow
Corvus capensis Cape Crow
Euplecles orix Southern Red Bishop
Fringilla coelebs * Common Chaffinch
Orynchognathus morio Red-winged Starling
Passer domesticus * House Sparrow
Passer melanurus Cape Sparrow
Ploceus capensis Cape Weaver
Ploceus velatus Southern Masked Weaver
Pycnonotus capensis Cape Bulbul
Pycnonotus nigricans African Red-eyed Bulbul
Pycnonotus tricolor Dark-capped Bulbul
Quelea quelea Red-billed Quelea
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Sub order: Serpentes All snakes, except those listed in Schedules 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6.
Class: Arachinida All spiders, except those listed in Schedule 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6.
Class: Insecta All insects, except those listed in Schedule 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6.
Flora All indigenous plants, extent those listed in Schedule 1,2 and 6.
* Species introduced through human interference

Schedule 4

Damage causing species


Scientific name Common name (where known)
Fauna
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates (Primata)
Cercopithecus pygerythrus (F. Cuvier, 1821) Vervet Monkey
Papio hamadryas (Linnaeus, 1758) Chacerna Baboon
Order: Carnivora
Canis mesomelas (Von Schreber, 1775) Black-backed jackal
Corucal caracal (Von Schreber, 1776) Caracal
Order: Suiformis
Potamochoerus larvatus (F. Cuvier, 1822) Bushpig

Schedule 5

Pet species


Scientific name Common name (where known)
Fauna
Class: Mammalia
Canis familiaris Domestic dog
Felis domesticus Domestic cat
Cavia porcellus Guinea pig
Mesocricetus auratus Golden hamster
Oryctolagus cuniculus domesticus Domestic rabbit
Class: Aves
Agapornis roseicollis Rosyfaced Lovebird
Pavo cristatus Common Peacock
Psittacula krameri Rose-ringed Parakeet
  All exotic cage birds, except those listed to Schedules 1, 2, 3 and 6.
  All exotic geese and duck, except those listed in Schedules 1, 2, 3 and 6.
Class: Pisces
  Koi, domestictaed ornamental
Cyprinus corpio All exotic aquariam fish, except those listed in Schedule 1, 2, 3 and 6.

Schedule 6

Invasive species


Scientific name Common name (where known)
Fauna
  All hybrids of an indigenous or exotic wild animal with any domesticated animal, a pet species or stock, which is not officially recognised by a national- or international studbook or register.
  All hybrids of an indigenous wild animal with an indigenous wild animal or exotic wild animal.
Class: Mammalia
Family: Cervidae All species of deer
Ammotragus lervia Barbary sheep
Herpestes javanicus Small Indian mongoose
Macaca fascicularis Macaque monkey
Mus musculus Mouse
Mutstela erminea Stoat / Weasel
Rattus rattus Ship rat
Sciurus carolinensis Grey squirrel
Trichosurus vulpecula Brushtail possum
Vulpes vulpes Red fox
Order: Carnivora All species of exotic carnivores
Canis lupus subsp. Dingo Dingo
Order: Primates All species of exotic primates
Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae All exotic species of New World rats & mice, hamsters, mole rats, Malagasy rats, maned rats, voles, lemmings and gerbils, excluding the golden hamster
Class: Aves
Acridotheres ginginianus Bank Mynah
Acridotheres tristis Common Myna
Alectoris chukar Chukar Partridge
Alectoris graeca Chukar Partridge
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite
Corvus splendens House Crow
Gracula religiosa indica Lesser Hill Mynah
Gracula religiosa religiosa Greater Hill Mynah
Myocastor coypus Nutria
Pycnonotus cafer Red-vented bulbul
Sturnus erythropygius andamanensis Andaman Mynah
Sturnus malabaricus Malabar Mynah
Sturnus pagodarum Pagoda Mynah
Sturnus sinensis Mandarin Mynah
Sturnus vulgaris Common Starting
Class: Reptilia
  All venomous exotic snakes
Fantily: Iguanidae Iguana, all species
Order: Chelonia All species of excotic tortoises, turtles & terrapins
Order: Urodela All species of excotic newts, salamanders including Axototl
Ambystoma mexicanum  
Boiga irregularis Brown tree snake
Caiman crocodiles Common caiman
Eryx colubrinus Kenyan east african sand boas
Geochelone chilensis Chaco tortoise
Geochelone culcuta Sulcata african spurred tortoise
Geoemyda sperigleri Leaf turtle
Norops sagrei Bahamian brown / Brown or Cuban brown anole
Pogono barbata Common bearded dragon
Pogono vitticeps Bearded Inland / Central or Yellow headed dragon
Terropene Carolina Box turtles
Trachemys scripta Red-eared terrapin / Red-eared slider
Varanus indicus Mangrove monitor / Pacific monitor
Class: Amphibia
Bufo marinus All venomous exotic amphibians
Eleutherodactylus coqui Cane toad
  Common coqui / Coqui
Class: Pisces
Clarias batrachus Walking catfish
Ctenopharyngodon idella Grass carp / Chinese carp
Cyprinus carpio Common Carp
Gambusia affinis Western mosquito fish
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Silver carp
Lates niloticus Nile perch
Lepomis macrochirus Bluegill sunfish
Micropterus dolomieu Smallmouth bass
Micropterus salmoides Large-mouth bass / Green bass / Green trout
Oncorhynchur mykiss Rainbow trout
Oreochromis aureus Blue tilapia
Oreochromis mossambicus Mozambique tilapia
Perca flaviatilis European perch
Salmo trutta Brown trout
Salvelinus fontinalis Brook trout
Tinca tinca Tench
Class: Arachnida
  All venomous exotic spiders
Tarantula Tarantula, all species
Class: Insecta
Aedes albopictus Asian tiger mosquito
Anopheles quadrimaculatus Common malaria mosquito
Anoplolepis gracilipes Yellow crazy ant
Anoplophora glabripennis Asian longhorned beetle
Bemisia tabaci Sweet potato whitefly
Cactoblastis cactorum Cactus moth, prickly pear moth
Ceratitis capitata Mediterranean fruit fly
Cinara cupressi Cypress aphid
Coptotermes formosanus shiraki Formosan subterranean termite
Culex quinquefasciatus Southern house mosquito
Gromphadorhina portentosa Hissing cockroach
Linepithema humile Argentine ant
Lymantria dispar Asian gypsy moth
Monomorium destructor Singapore ant
Orthotomicus erosus Mediterranean pine engraver beetle
Pheidole megacephala Big-headed ant
Sirex noctilio Wood wasp
Solenopsis invicta Red fire ant
Technomyrmex albipes White-footed ant / White-footed house ant
Trogoderma granarium Khapra beetle
Vespula germanica European wasp / German wasp
Vespula vulgaris Common wasp
Wasmannia auropunctata Little fire ant
Fungi & Algae
Acanthophora spicifera Red algae
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Chytrid frog fungi
Codium fragile spp. Dead man's fingers, green fleece, green sea fingers, oyster thief, Sputnik weed
Cryphonectria parasitica Chesnut blight
Gracilaria salicornia Red algae
Hypnea musciformis Hypnea
Kappaphycus spp. Red alga, all species
Phytophthora cinnamoni Phytophthora root rot, cinnamon fungus, green fruit rot, heart rot
Watersipora subtorquata Bryozoan
Flora
  All species listed as weeds in CARA (Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act No. 43 of 1983)
Oxycaryum cubense (Poepp. & Kunth) (Lye) Alligator weed / Burhead sedge / Cuban bulrush
Spartina anglica (C.E. Hubb.) Common cord-grass
Undaria pinnatifida (Harv.) (Suringar) Wakame seaweed
Ardisia elliptica (Thunb). Shoebutton ardisia
Bromus tectorum (L.) Broncograss /Cheatgrass
Cecropia schreberiana (Miq.) Pumpwood
Cedrela adorata (L.) Barbados cedar / Spanish or West Indian cedar
Cinchona pubescens (Vahl) Quinine tree
Clidemia hirta (L.) (D. Don.) Koster’s curse
Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) (F.M. Knuth) Jumping cholla / Rosea cactus
Dalbergia sissoo (Roxb. ex DC.) Bombay blackwood
Dipogon lignosus (L.)(Verde.) Australian pea / Chookhouse vine
Euphorbia esula (L.) Leafy spurge
Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) (Decne) Japanese knotweed
Hiptage benghalensis (L.) (Kurz) Hiptage
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeush.) Cogon grass / Cottonwool grass
Lespedeza cuneata (Durn.-Cours.)(G. Don) Chinese bush-clover
Ligustrum robustum (Roxb.)( Blume) Privet
Linaria vulgaris (Mill.) Wild snapdragon / Yellow toadflax
Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.)(S.F. Blake) Melaleuca / Punktree
Miconia calvescens (DC.) Miconia
Mikania micrantha (Kunth) Mile-a-minute weed
Morella faya (Aiton)(Wilbur) Fire tree
Paspalum vaginatum (Sw.) Biscuit grass / Seashore paspalum
Phalaris arundinacea (L.) Reed Canary grass
Pinus contorta (Douglas ex. Louden) Lodgepole pine
Pinus coulteri (D.Don) Big cone pine / Coulter pine
Pinus muricata (D. Don) Bishop pine
Pinus nigra (Arnold) Austrian pine
Pinus ponderosa (C. Lawson) Ponderosa pine
Pinus sylvestris (L.) Scots pine
Rubus armeniacum ( Focke) Armenian blackberry / Himalayan blackberry
Rubus ellipticus (Sm.) Yellow Himalayan raspberry
Sagina procumbens (L.) Birdeye pearlwort
Spathodea campanulala (P.Beauv.) African flame tree
Sphagnelicola trilobata (L.)(Pruski) Wedelia / Bay Biscaine creeping-oxeye
Tradescantia fluminensis (Vell.) Small-leaf spiderwort
  European gorse
  Brazilian vervain / Gin case / Wild verbena
  Wild Yam
Tradescantia fluminensis (Vell.) All species of tree moss
  Banana passion flower / Banana passion vine
  Candleberry-tree / Chicken tree / Chinese tallow / Florida aspen / Popcorn tree / Tallow tree / Vegetable tallow /
  White waxberry