Disaster Management Act, 2002

Act 57 of 2002

This is the latest version of this Act.

South Africa

Disaster Management Act, 2002

Act 57 of 2002

  • Published in Government Gazette 24252 on 15 January 2003
  • Assented to on 30 December 2002
  • There are multiple commencements
  • Provisions Status
    Chapter 2 (section 4–7); Chapter 3 (section 8–27); Chapter 4 (section 28–41) commenced on 1 April 2004 by Proclamation 23 of 2004.
    Chapter 1 (section 1–3); Chapter 5 (section 42–55); Chapter 6 (section 56–57); Chapter 7 (section 58); Chapter 8 (section 59–65) commenced on 1 July 2004 by Proclamation 23 of 2004.
    Chapter 1, section 1(a)(i), 1(a)(ii), 1(a)(iii), 1(d), 1(e), 1(a), 1(b), 1(a), 1(b), 1(a), 1(b), 1(c), 1(a), 1(b), 1(c); Chapter 2, section 5(1)(e)(xiv), 5(4); Chapter 3, Part 1, section 15(2)(aA), section 23(1)(bA), section 24(4), 24(5), 24(6), 24(7), 24(8); Part 2, section 25(1)(c)(i), 25(1)(c)(ii), 25(1)(c)(iii), 25(1)(c)(iv), 25(1)(c)(v), 25(1)(c)(vi), 25(1)(c)(vii), 25(1)(d), 25(1)(e), 25(1)(f), 25(1)(g), 25(3)(aA), 25(3)(c); Chapter 4, Part 2, section 31A; Part 3, section 37(1)(e)(xii), section 38(1)(c)(i), 38(1)(c)(ii), 38(1)(c)(iii), 38(1)(c)(iv), 38(1)(c)(v), 38(1)(c)(vi), 38(1)(c)(vii), 38(1)(d), 38(1)(e), 38(1)(f), 38(1)(g), section 39(1)(c)(i), 39(1)(c)(ii), 39(1)(c)(iii), 39(1)(c)(iv), 39(1)(c)(v), 39(1)(c)(vi), 39(1)(c)(vii), 39(1)(d), 39(1)(e), 39(1)(f), 39(1)(g); Chapter 5, Part 2, section 43(3), 43(4), section 45A; Part 3, section 51(1)(d)(xii), section 52(1)(c)(i), 52(1)(c)(ii), 52(1)(c)(iii), 52(1)(c)(iv), 52(1)(c)(v), 52(1)(c)(vi), 52(1)(c)(vii), 52(1)(d), 52(1)(e), 52(1)(f), 52(1)(g), section 53(1)(c)(i), 53(1)(c)(ii), 53(1)(c)(iii), 53(1)(c)(iv), 53(1)(c)(v), 53(1)(c)(vi), 53(1)(c)(vii), 53(1)(e), 53(1)(f), 53(1)(g), 53(1)(h); Chapter 8, section 59(1)(c), 59(1)(d) commenced on 1 May 2016 by Act 16 of 2015.
  • [This is the version of this document from 1 May 2016.]
  1. [Amended by Disaster Management Amendment Act, 2015 (Act 16 of 2015) on 1 May 2016]
To provide for—• an integrated and co-ordinated disaster management policy that focuses on preventing or reducing the risk of disasters, mitigating the severity of disasters, emergency preparedness, rapid and effective response to disasters and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;• the establishment and functioning of national, provincial and municipal disaster management centres;• disaster management volunteers; and• matters incidental thereto.[long title substituted by section 23 of Act 16 of 2015]BE IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, as follows: —

Chapter 1
Interpretation, application and administration of Act

[Chapter 1 came into operation on 1 April 2004 insofar as it relates to Chapters 2, 3 and 4 – see Proclamation 23 of 2004.]

1. Definitions

In this Act, unless the context indicates otherwise—adaptation” means—(a)in relation to human systems, the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects, in order to moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities; and(b)in relation to natural systems, the process of adjustment to actual climate and its effects;[definition of “adaptation” inserted by section 1(a) of Act 16 of 2015]climate change” means a change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes in the variability of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer;[definition of “climate change” inserted by section 1(a) of Act 16 of 2015]Department” means the principal department that supports the Cabinet member referred to in section 3;[definition of “Department” substituted by section 1(b) of Act 16 of 2015]disaster” means a progressive or sudden, widespread or localised, natural or human-caused occurrence which—(a)causes or threatens to cause—(i)death, injury or disease;(ii)damage to property, infrastructure or the environment; or(iii)significant disruption of the life of a community; and’[subparagraph (iii) substituted by section 1(c) of Act 16 of 2015](b)is of a magnitude that exceeds the ability of those affected by the disaster to cope with its effects using only their own resources;disaster management” means a continuous and integrated multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary process of planning and implementation of measures aimed at—(a)preventing or reducing the risk of disasters;(b)mitigating the severity or consequences of disasters;(c)emergency preparedness;(d)a rapid and effective response to disasters; and(e)post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;disaster risk reduction” means either a policy goal or objective, and the strategic and instrumental measures employed for—(a)anticipating future disaster risk;(b)reducing existing exposure, hazard or vulnerability; and(c)improving resilience[definition of “disaster risk reduction” inserted by section 1(d) of Act 16 of 2015]district municipality” means a municipality that has municipal executive and legislative authority in an area that includes more than one municipality, and which is described in section 155(1) of the Constitution as a category C municipalityecosystem” means a system of relationships between animals and plants and their environment;[definition of “ecosystem” inserted by section 1(e) of Act 16 of 2015]emergency preparedness” means—(a)a state of readiness which enables organs of state and other institutions involved in disaster management, the private sector, communities and individuals to mobilise, organise and provide relief measures to deal with an impending or current disaster or the effects of a disaster; and(b)the knowledge and capacities developed by governments, professional response and recovery organisations, communities and individuals to effectively anticipate, respond to and recover from the impacts of likely, imminent or current hazard events or conditions;[definition of “emergency preparedness” substituted by section 1(f) of Act 16 of 2015]integrated development plan”, in relation to a municipality, means a plan envisaged in section 25 of the Local Government; Municipal Systems Act. 2000 (Act No. 32 of 2000);local disaster” means a disaster classified as a local disaster in terms of section 23;local municipality” means a municipality that shares municipal executive and legislative authority in its area with a district municipality within whose area it falls, and which is described in section 155(1) of the Constitution as a category B municipality;MEC” means a Member of the Executive Council of a province;metropolitan municipality” means a municipality that has exclusive executive and legislative authority in its area, and which is described in section 155(1) of the Constitution as a category A municipality;Minister” means the Cabinet member designated in terms of section 3 to administer this Act;mitigation”, in relation to—(a)a disaster or disaster risk, means the lessening of the potential adverse impacts of physical hazards, including those that are human-induced, through actions that reduce hazard, exposure and vulnerability; or(b)climate change, means a human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases;[definition of “mitigation” substituted by section 1(g) of Act 16 of 2015]municipal disaster management centre” means a centre established in the administration of a municipality in terms of section 43;municipal entity” means a municipal entity defined in section 1 of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000;municipality” means a municipality as contemplated in section 2 of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act No. 32 of 2000);[definition of “municipality” inserted by section 1(h) of Act 16 of 2015]municipal legislation” means municipal by-laws;municipal manager” means a person appointed as such in terms of section 82 of the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998 (Act No. 117 of 1998);municipal organ of state” means—(a)a municipality;(b)a department or other administrative unit within the administration of a municipality, including an internal business unit referred to in section 76(a)(ii) of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000; or(c)a municipal entity;National Centre” means the National Disaster Management Centre established by section 8(1);national disaster” means a disaster classified as a national disaster in terms of section 23;national disaster management framework” means the national disaster management framework prescribed in terms of section 6;national organ of state” means a national department or national public entity defined in section 1 of the Public Finance Management Act. 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999);organ of state” means any organ of state referred to in section 239 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996;[definition of “organ of state” substituted by section 1(i) of Act 16 of 2015]post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation” means efforts, including development, aimed at creating a situation where—(a)normality in conditions caused by a disaster is restored by the restoration, and improvement, where appropriate, of facilities livelihoods and living conditions of disaster-affected communities, including efforts to reduce disaster risk factors;(b)the effects of a disaster are mitigated; or(c)circumstances are created that will reduce the risk of a similar disaster occurring;[definition of “post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation” inserted (purportedly substituted) by section 1(j) of Act 16 of 2015]prescribe” means prescribe by regulation in terms of section 59;prevention”, in relation to a disaster, means measures aimed at stopping a disaster from occurring or preventing an occurrence from becoming a disaster;provincial disaster” means a disaster classified as a provincial disaster in terms of section 23;provincial disaster management centre” means a centre established in the administration of a province in terms of section 29(1);provincial organ of state” means a provincial department or provincial public entity defined in section 1 of the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999);response”, in relation to a disaster, means measures taken during or immediately after a disaster in order to bring relief to people and communities affected by the disaster;risk assessment” means a methodology to determine the nature and extent of risk by analysing potential hazards and evaluating existing conditions of vulnerability that together could potentially harm exposed people, property, services, livelihoods and the environment on which they depend;[definition of “risk assessment” inserted by section 1(k) of Act 16 of 2015]statutory functionary” means a person performing a function assigned to that person by national, provincial or municipal legislation;this Act” includes any regulations made in terms of section 59;vulnerability” means the conditions determined by physical, social, economic and environmental factors or processes, which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards.[definition of “vulnerability” substituted by section 1(l) of Act 16 of 2015]

2. Application of Act

(1)This Act does not apply to an occurrence falling within the definition of "disaster” in section 1
(a)if, and from the date on which, a state of emergency is declared to deal with that occurrence in terms of the State of Emergency Act, 1997 (Act No. 64 of 1997); or
(b)to the extent that that occurrence can be dealt with effectively in terms of other national legislation—
(i)aimed at reducing the risk, and addressing the consequences, of occurrences of that nature; and
(ii)identified by the Minister by notice in the Gazette.
(2)The Minister may, in consultation with Cabinet members responsible for the administration of national legislation referred to in subsection (1)(b). issue guidelines on the application of that subsection.
(3)Where provincial legislation regulating disaster management in a province is inconsistent with this Act. this Act prevails over the provincial legislation subject to section 146 of the Constitution.

3. Administration of Act

This Act is administered by a Cabinet member designated by the President.

Chapter 2
Intergovernmental structures and policy framework

4. Intergovernmental Committee on Disaster Management

(1)The President must establish an Intergovernmental Committee on Disaster Management consisting of—
(a)Cabinet members involved in disaster management or the administration of legislation referred to in section 2(1)(b);
(b)MECs of each province involved in disaster management or the implementation of legislation referred to in section 2(1)(b) in their respective provinces, selected by the Premier of the province concerned; and
(c)members of municipal councils, selected by the South African Local Government Association.
(2)The Minister is the chairperson of the Committee.
(3)The Committee—
(a)must give effect to the principles of co-operative government in Chapter 3 of the Constitution on issues relating to disaster management;
(b)is accountable and must report to Cabinet on the co-ordination of disaster management among the spheres of government;
(c)must advise and make recommendations to Cabinet—
(i)on issues relating to disaster management; and
(ii)on the establishment of a national framework for disaster management aimed at ensuring an integrated and uniform approach to disaster management in the Republic by all national, provincial and municipal organs of state, statutory functionaries, non-governmental institutions involved in disaster management, the private sector, communities and individuals.

5. National Disaster Management Advisory Forum

(1)The Minister must establish a National Disaster Management Advisory Forum consisting of—
(a)the Head of the National Centre;
(b)a senior representative of each national department whose Minister is a member of the Intergovernmental Committee on Disaster Management, designated by that Minister;
(c)a senior representative of each provincial department whose MEC is a member of that Committee, designated by that MEC;
(d)municipal officials selected by the South African Local Government Association;
(e)representatives of other disaster management role-players designated by the Minister, which may include—
(i)organised business;
(ii)the Chamber of Mines;
(iii)organised labour;
(iv)the insurance industry;
(v)organised agriculture;
(vi)traditional leaders as recommended by the National House of Traditional Leaders established by section 2 of the National House of Traditional Leaders Act, 2009 (Act No. 22 of 2009);[subparagraph (vi) substituted by section 2(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(vii)religious and welfare organisations;
(viii)medical, paramedical and hospital organisations;
(ix)organisations representing disaster management professions in South Africa;
(x)other relevant non-governmental and international organisations and relief agencies;
(xi)statutory bodies regulating safety standards in particular industries;
(xii)institutions of higher education;
(xiii)institutions that can provide scientific and technological advice or support to disaster management; and
(xiv)representatives of national umbrella organisations for women, children, the elderly and people with disabilities.[subparagraph (xiv) added by section 2(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(f)experts in disaster management designated by the Minister; and
(g)persons co-opted by the Forum for a specific period or specific discussions.
(2)The Head of the National Centre is the chairperson of the Forum.
(3)
(a)The Forum is a body in which national, provincial and local government and other disaster management role-players consult one another and co-ordinate their actions on matters relating to disaster management.
(b)In performing the functions referred to in paragraph (a), the Forum—
(i)must make recommendations concerning the national disaster management framework to the Intergovernmental Committee on Disaster Management; and
(ii)may advise any organ of state, statutory functionary, non-governmental organisation or community or the private sector on any matter relating to disaster management.
(4)The Forum serves as the South African National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.[subsection (4) added by section 2(c) of Act 16 of 2015]

6. National disaster management framework

(1)The Minister, by notice in the Gazette—
(a)must prescribe a national disaster management framework, taking into account—
(i)any recommendations of the Intergovernmental Committee on Disaster Management made in terms of section 4; and
(ii)comments by the public submitted as a result of a publication in terms of subsection (2); and
(b)may, from time to time, amend the national disaster management framework.
(2)Before prescribing or amending the national disaster management framework, the Minister must publish particulars of the proposed framework or amendment in the Gazette for public comment.

7. Contents of national disaster management framework

(1)The national disaster management framework must provide a coherent, transparent and inclusive policy on disaster management appropriate for the Republic as a whole.
(2)The national disaster management framework must reflect a proportionate emphasis on disasters of different kinds, severity and magnitude that occur or may occur in southern Africa, place emphasis on measures that reduce the vulnerability of disaster-prone areas, communities and households, and must—
(a)guide the development and implementation of disaster management envisaged by this Act;
(b)establish prevention and mitigation as the core principles of disaster management;
(c)facilitate—
(i)South Africa's co-operation in international disaster management;
(ii)regional co-operation in disaster management in southern Africa; and
(iii)the establishment of joint standards of practice;
(d)give effect to the application of co-operative governance on issues concerning disasters and disaster management among the spheres of government and—
(i)determine the relationship between the sphere of government exercising primary responsibility for the co-ordination and management of a disaster in terms of sections 26(1), 40(1) and 54(1) or (2) and the spheres of government performing supportive roles;
(ii)allocate specific responsibilities in this regard to the different spheres;
(e)guide the development and implementation of disaster management within national, provincial and municipal organs of state on a cross-functional and multi-disciplinary basis and allocate responsibilities in this regard to different organs of state;
(f)facilitate—
(i)the involvement of the private sector, non-governmental organisations, traditional leaders, technical experts and volunteers in disaster management;
(ii)community participation in disaster management; and
(iii)partnerships for purposes of subparagraphs (i) and (ii) between organs of state and the private sector, non-governmental organisations and communities;
(g)facilitate disaster management capacity building, training and education, including in schools, and provide incentives for such capacity building, training and education;
(h)promote disaster management research;
(i)guide the development of a comprehensive information management system;
(j)take into account indigenous knowledge relating to disaster management;
(k)provide a framework within which organs of state may fund disaster management with specific emphasis on preventing or reducing the risk of disasters, including grants to contribute to post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation and payment to victims of disasters and their dependants;
(l)address the requirements for co-operation and co-ordination between the different spheres of government, the private sector, non-governmental organisations and communities; and
(m)provide key performance indicators in respect of the various aspects of disaster management.

Chapter 3
National disaster management

Part 1 – National Disaster Management Centre

8. Establishment

A National Disaster Management Centre is established as an institution within the public service.[section 8 substituted by section 3 of Act 16 of 2015]

9. Objective

The objective of the National Centre is to promote an integrated and co-ordinated system of disaster management, with special emphasis on prevention and mitigation, by national, provincial and municipal organs of state, statutory functionaries, other role-players involved in disaster management and communities.

Administration

10. Appointment of Head

(1)The Minister must, subject to subsection (2) and legislation governing the public service, appoint a person as the Head of the National Centre.
(2)A person appointed as the Head of the National Centre reports to the Minister and holds office on terms and conditions set out in a written employment contract which must include terms and conditions setting performance standards.[subsection (2) substituted by section 4 of Act 16 of 2015]

11. Acting Head

When the Head of the National Centre is absent or otherwise unable to perform the functions of office, or during a vacancy in the office of Head of the National Centre, the Minister may designate another person in the service of, or seconded to, the Department to act as Head of the National Centre.[section 11 substituted by section 5 of Act 16 of 2015]

12. Responsibilities of Head

(1)The Head of the National Centre
(a)is responsible for the exercise by the National Centre of its powers and the performance of its duties; and
(b)takes all decisions of the National Centre in the exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties, except decisions of the National Centre taken in consequence of a delegation or assignment in terms of section 14.
(2)The Head of the National Centre performs the functions of office subject to section 15(3).

13. Staff

(1)The staff of the National Centre consists of—
(a)the Head of the National Centre; and
(b)persons in the service of the Department designated by the Director-General of the Department to perform the duties of the National Centre.
(2)An employee of an organ of state or other organisation may be seconded to the National Centre by agreement between the Head of the National Centre and that organ of state or organisation.[subsection (2) substituted by section 6 of Act 16 of 2015]
(3)Persons seconded to the National Centre perform their functions of office subject to the control and direction of the Head of the National Centre.

14. Delegation or assignment

(1)The Head of the National Centre may, in writing, delegate any of the powers or assign any of the duties entrusted to the National Centre in terms of this Act to—
(a)a member of the staff of the National Centre;
(b)a provincial disaster management centre, by agreement with the MEC responsible for the department in which the centre is located; or
(c)a municipal disaster management centre, by agreement with the municipality concerned.
(2)A delegation or assignment in terms of subsection (1)—
(a)is subject to the limitations or conditions that the Head of the National Centre may impose; and
(b)does not divest the Head of the National Centre of the responsibility concerning the exercise of the delegated power or the performance of the assigned duty.
(3)The Head of the National Centre may confirm, vary or revoke any decision taken in consequence of a delegation or assignment in terms of subsection (1), but no such variation or revocation of a decision may detract from any rights that may have accrued as a result of the decision.

Powers and duties of National Centre

15. General powers and duties

(1)The National Centre must, subject to other provisions of this Act, do all that is necessary to achieve its objective as set out in section 9, and, for this purpose—
(a)must specialise in issues concerning disasters and disaster management;
(b)must monitor whether organs of state and statutory functionaries comply with this Act and the national disaster management framework and must monitor progress with post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(c)must act as a repository of, and conduit for, information concerning disasters, impending disasters and disaster management;
(d)may act as an advisory and consultative body on issues concerning disasters and disaster management to—
(i)organs of state and statutory functionaries;
(ii)the private sector and non-governmental organisations;
(iii)communities and individuals; and
(iv)other governments and institutions in southern Africa;
(e)must make recommendations regarding the funding of disaster management and initiate and facilitate efforts to make such funding available;
(f)must make recommendations to any relevant organ of state or statutory functionary
(i)on draft legislation affecting this Act, the national disaster management framework or any other disaster management issue;
(ii)on the alignment of national, provincial or municipal legislation with this Act and the national disaster management framework; or
(iii)in the event of a national disaster, on whether a national state of disaster should be declared in terms of section 27;
(g)must promote the recruitment, training and participation of volunteers in disaster management;
(h)must promote disaster management capacity building, training and education throughout the Republic, including in schools, and, to the extent that it may be appropriate, in other southern African states;
(i)must promote research into all aspects of disaster management;
(j)may assist in the implementation of legislation referred to in section 2(1)(b) to the extent required by the administrator of such legislation and approved by the Minister; and
(k)may exercise any other powers conferred on it, and must perform any other duties assigned to it in terms of this Act.
(2)The National Centre may—
(a)engage in any lawful activity, whether alone or together with any other organisation in the Republic or elsewhere, aimed at promoting the effective exercise of its powers or the effective performance of its duties;
(aA)in any event of a disaster, or a potential disaster, call on the South African National Defence Force, South African Police Service and any other organ of state to assist the disaster management structures;[paragraph (aA) inserted by section 7(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(b)exchange information relevant to disaster management with institutions performing functions similar to those of the National Centre in the Republic and elsewhere.
(3)The National Centre must exercise its powers and perform its duties—
(a)within the national disaster management framework;
(b)subject to the directions of the Minister; and
(c)[paragraph (c) deleted by section 7(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(d)subject to the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999).
(4)The National Centre must liaise and co-ordinate its activities with the provincial and municipal disaster management centres.

16. Communication links with disaster management role-players

(1)The National Centre must—
(a)develop and maintain a directory of institutional role-players that are or should be involved in disaster management in southern Africa showing—
(i)their names, telephone and fax numbers and physical, postal and electronic addresses;
(ii)particulars of their involvement in disaster management: and
(iii)the nature, capacity and location of emergency and relief services under their control; and
(b)establish effective communication links with contact persons identified by those role-players.
(2)The directory must include particulars of—
(a)all national, provincial and municipal organs of state and statutory functionaries involved in disaster management;
(b)non-governmental organisations involved in disaster management;
(c)disaster management experts in South Africa;
(d)private sector organisations with specialised equipment, skills or knowledge relevant to disaster management;
(e)private sector voluntary agencies involved in disaster management; and
(f)foreign non-governmental organisations and international organisations involved in disaster management in southern Africa.
(3)The National Centre must establish communication links with foreign disaster management agencies, including institutions performing functions similar to those performed by the National Centre, to exchange information and to have access to international expertise in and assistance in respect of disaster management.

17. Disaster management information system

(1)The National Centre must act as a repository of. and conduit for. information concerning disasters and disaster management, and, must for this purpose—
(a)collect information on all aspects of disasters and disaster management;
(b)process and analyse such information;
(c)develop and maintain an electronic database envisaged in subsection (2): and
(d)take steps to disseminate such information, especially to communities that are vulnerable to disasters.
(2)The electronic database developed by the National Centre must contain extensive information concerning disasters that occur or may occur in southern Africa and disaster management issues, including information on—
(a)phenomena, occurrences, activities and circumstances that cause or aggravate disasters;
(b)risk factors underlying disasters and ways and means to reduce such risks;
(c)recurring occurrences that result in loss, but which are not classified as disasters in terms of this Act;
(d)prevention and mitigation;
(e)early warning systems;
(f)areas and communities that are particularly vulnerable to disasters;
(g)indigenous knowledge relating to disaster management;
(h)the directory of role-players referred to in section 16 and the names and particulars of their respective contact persons;
(i)emergency response resources and capacity in the national, provincial and local spheres of government and in the non-government sectors, including the location and size of, and other relevant information relating to—
(i)police stations;
(ii)hospitals, clinics and other health institutions;
(iii)emergency medical services;
(iv)school, church and public buildings and other facilities that could be used as emergency shelters or hospitals in the event of a disaster;
(v)fire-fighting services; and
(vi)airports, airstrips, harbours, seaports and railway stations;
(j)emergency response resources and capacity in neighbouring states and relevant international relief agencies;
(k)emergency preparedness in the different spheres of government;
(l)each disaster classified by the National Centre in terms of section 23. including the assessment of the National Centre of the disaster and the information recorded in the register referred to in subsection (1)(c) of that section; and
(m)research and training facilities for disaster management disciplines.
(3)The National Centre must take reasonable steps to ensure that the database is electronically accessible to any person free of charge.
(4)Subsection (3) does not prevent the National Centre from—
(a)establishing security safeguards to protect the database from abuse; and
(b)classifying parts of the database as restricted areas in consultation with the Minister, and limiting access to those parts to persons authorised by the Minister.

18. Gathering of information

(1)The National Centre may, in writing, request any organ of state or person in possession of information reasonably required by the National Centre for the purpose of section 16 or 17, to provide such information to the National Centre within a reasonable period determined by the National Centre.
(2)If an organ of state fails to comply with a request, the National Centre must report the failure to the Minister, who must take such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with the request, including reporting the failure to Parliament.

19. Disaster management plans and strategies

The National Centre must—
(a)develop guidelines for the preparation, and regular review and updating, of disaster management plans and strategies by organs of state and other institutional role-players involved in disaster management;
(b)support and assist in the preparation, and regular review and updating, of these plans and strategies by organs of state and other institutional role-players involved in disaster management;
(c)assist in aligning these plans and strategies;
(d)assist in co-ordinating the implementation of these plans and strategies by the respective organs of state and other role-players;
(e)develop guidelines for the integration of the concept and principles of disaster management, and particularly strategies on prevention and mitigation, with national, provincial and municipal development plans, programmes and initiatives; and
(f)support and assist in the integration referred to in paragraph (e).

20. Prevention and mitigation

(1)The National Centre, to the extent that it has the capacity, must give guidance to organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, communities and individuals to assess and prevent or reduce the risk of disasters, including—
(a)ways and means of—
(i)determining levels of risk;
(ii)assessing the vulnerability of communities and households to disasters that may occur;
(iii)increasing the capacity of communities and households to minimise the risk and impact of disasters that may occur; and
(iv)monitoring the likelihood of, and the state of alertness to. disasters that may occur;
(b)the development and implementation of appropriate prevention and mitigation methodologies;
(c)the integration of prevention and mitigation methodologies with development plans, programmes and initiatives; and
(d)the management of high-risk developments.
(2)The National Centre must promote formal and informal initiatives that encourage risk-avoidance behaviour by organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, communities and individuals.

21. Monitoring, measuring performance and evaluating disaster management plans and prevention, mitigation and response initiatives

The National Centre must—
(a)monitor—
(i)progress with the preparation and regular updating in terms of sections 25, 38, 39, 52 and 53 of disaster management plans and strategies by organs of state involved in disaster management;
(ii)formal and informal prevention, mitigation and response initiatives by organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations and communities, including the integration of these initiatives with development plans; and
(iii)compliance with key performance indicators envisaged by section 7(2)(m); and
(b)from time to time, measure performance and evaluate such progress and initiatives.

22. Giving of advice and guidance

The National Centre may give advice and guidance by—
(a)publishing guidelines and recommendations in the Gazette or a provincial gazette;
(b)interacting with specific role-players and individuals;
(c)disseminating information;
(d)conducting workshops;
(e)facilitating access to its electronic database; and
(f)acting in any other way approved by the Minister.[paragraph (f) substituted by section 8 of Act 16 of 2015]

23. Classification and recording of disasters

(1)When a disastrous event occurs or threatens to occur, the National Centre must, for the purpose of the proper application of this Act, determine whether the event should be regarded as a disaster in terms of this Act, and if so. the National Centre must immediately—
(a)assess the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of the disaster;
(b)classify the disaster as a local, provincial or national disaster in accordance with subsections (4), (5) and (6);
(bA)inform the relevant provincial disaster management centre of the decision on the classification of the disaster made in terms of paragraph (b); and[paragraph (bA) inserted by section 9(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(c)record the prescribed particulars concerning the disaster in the prescribed register.
(2)When assessing the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of a disaster, the National Centre
(a)must consider any information and recommendations concerning the disaster received from a provincial or municipal disaster management centre in terms of section 35 or 49; and
(b)may enlist the assistance of an independent assessor to evaluate the disaster on site.
(3)The National Centre may reclassify a disaster classified in terms of subsection (1)(b) as a local, provincial or national disaster at any time after consultation with the relevant provincial or municipal disaster management centres, if the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of the disaster is greater or lesser than the initial assessment.
(4)A disaster is a local disaster if—
(a)it affects a single metropolitan, district or local municipality only: and
(b)the municipality concerned, or, if it is a district or local municipality, that municipality either alone or with the assistance of local municipalities in the area of the district municipality is able to deal with it effectively.
(5)A disaster is a provincial disaster if—
(a)it affects—
(i)more than one metropolitan or district municipality in the same province; or
(ii)a single metropolitan or district municipality in the province and that metropolitan municipality, or that district municipality with the assistance of the local municipalities within its area, is unable to deal with it effectively; and
[paragraph (a) substituted by section 9(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(b)the province concerned is able to deal with it effectively.
(6)A disaster is a national disaster if it affects—
(a)more than one province; or
(b)a single province which is unable to deal with it effectively.
(7)Until a disaster is classified in terms of this section, the disaster must be regarded as a local disaster.
(8)The classification of a disaster in terms of this section designates primary responsibility to a particular sphere of government for the co-ordination and management of the disaster, but an organ of state in another sphere may assist the sphere having primary responsibility to deal with the disaster and its consequences.

24. Reporting

[heading of section 24 substituted by section 10(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(1)The National Centre must submit a report annually to the Minister on—
(a)its activities during the year;
(b)the results of its monitoring of prevention and mitigation initiatives;
(c)disasters that occurred during the year in each province;
(d)the classification, magnitude and severity of these disasters;
(e)the effects they had;
(f)particular problems that were experienced—
(i)in dealing with these disasters; and
(ii)generally in implementing this Act and the national disaster management framework;
(g)the way in which these problems were addressed and any recommendations the National Centre wishes to make in this regard;
(h)progress with the preparation and regular updating in terms of sections 25, 38, 39, 52 and 53 of disaster management plans and strategies by organs of state involved in disaster management; and
(i)an evaluation of the implementation of such plans and strategies.
(2)The Minister must submit the report to Parliament within 30 days after receipt of the report from the National Centre.
(3)The National Centre must, at the same time that its report is submitted to the Minister in terms of subsection (1), submit a copy of that report to each provincial and municipal disaster management centre.
(4)Each organ of state must, on any occurrence leading to the declaration of a disaster, report on a quarterly basis to the National Centre on—
(a)information reflecting the type, severity, loss in terms of lives, damage to property, crop and other goods;
(b)the spatial attributes of the areas, communities and households affected by the disaster;
(c)an analysis of the impact of the disaster in accordance with gender, age, disability and cultural perspectives;
(d)a list of the measures implemented in order to restore communities and the reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure in a manner that makes those communities less vulnerable to disasters and strengthens their resilience;
(e)information on the expenditure incurred on response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(f)listing of any actions in terms of risk reduction;
(g)particular problems that were experienced in dealing with the disasters; and
(h)any other information that may be prescribed.
[subsection (4) added by section 10(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(5)Progress reports on the implementation of policy and legislation relating to disaster risk reduction and management in municipalities and provinces must be submitted on a quarterly basis to the municipal and provincial intergovernmental forums established in terms of the Inter-governmental Relations Framework Act, 2005 (Act No. 13 of 2005).[subsection (5) added by section 10(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(6)If money has been allocated to a national department, province or municipality from the national revenue for purposes of disaster mitigation, relief and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation, whether in the form of new funding or from current institutional funds, a progress report on the spending of that money must be submitted on a quarterly basis to the municipal, provincial and national intergovernmental forums established in terms of the Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act, 2005.[subsection (6) added by section 10(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(7)Expenditure and performance reports for all funds received must be compiled by each organ of state and submitted to the transferring national officers and the National Treasury in accordance with the annual Division of Revenue Act.[subsection (7) added by section 10(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(8)Copies of reports referred to in subsections (4), (5) and (6) must be submitted simultaneously to the National Treasury and the relevant disaster management centres in the respective spheres of government.[subsection (8) added by section 10(b) of Act 16 of 2015]

Part 2 – Powers and duties of national government

25. Preparation of disaster management plans

(1)Each national organ of state must—
(a)conduct a disaster risk assessment for its functional area;
(b)identify and map risks, areas, ecosystems, communities and households that are exposed or vulnerable to physical and human-induced threats;
(c)prepare a disaster management plan setting out—
(i)the way in which the concept and principles of disaster management are to be applied in its functional area, including expected climate change impacts and risks for the organ of state;
(ii)its role and responsibilities in terms of the national or provincial disaster management framework;
(iii)its role and responsibilities regarding emergency response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(iv)its capacity to fulfil its role and responsibilities;
(v)particulars of its disaster management strategies;
(vi)contingency strategies and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, including measures to finance these strategies; and
(vii)specific measures taken to address the needs of women, children, the elderly and persons with disabilities during the disaster management process;
(d)co-ordinate and align the implementation of its plan with those of other organs of state and institutional role-players;
(e)provide measures and indicate how it will invest in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, including ecosystem and community-based adaptation approaches;
(f)develop early warning mechanisms and procedures for risks identified in its functional area; and
(g)regularly review and update its plan.
[subsection (1) substituted by section 11(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(2)The disaster management plan of a national organ of state referred to in subsection (1) must form an integral part of its planning.
(3)
(a)A national organ of state must submit a copy of its disaster management plan and of any amendment to the plan to the National Centre.
(aA)A major public entity, listed in Schedule 2 to the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999), must submit its disaster management plan prepared in terms of subsection (1) to the National Centre at the same time the major public entity submits its disaster management plan to the relevant national organ of state.[paragraph (aA) inserted by section 11(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(b)If a national organ of state or major public entity fails to submit a copy of its disaster management plan or of any amendment to the plan in terms of paragraph (a) or (aA), as the case may be, the National Centre must report the failure to the Minister, who must take such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with the relevant paragraph, including reporting the failure to Parliament.[paragraph (b) substituted by section 11(c) of Act 16 of 2015]
(c)The National Centre must make available applicable disaster management plans of organs of state to relevant provincial and municipal disaster management centres.[paragraph (c) added by section 11(d) of Act 16 of 2015]

26. Responsibilities in event of national disaster

(1)The national executive is primarily responsible for the co-ordination and management of national disasters irrespective of whether a national state of disaster has been declared in terms of section 27.
(2)The national executive must deal with a national disaster
(a)in terms of existing legislation and contingency arrangements, if a national state of disaster has not been declared in terms of section 27(1); or
(b)in terms of existing legislation and contingency arrangements as augmented by regulations or directions made or issued in terms of section 27(2). if a national state of disaster has been declared.
(3)This section does not preclude a provincial or municipal organ of state from providing assistance to the national executive to deal with a national disaster and its consequences, and the national executive, in exercising its primary responsibility, must act in close co-operation with the other spheres of government.

27. Declaration of national state of disaster

(1)In the event of a national disaster, the Minister may. by notice in the Gazette. declare a national state of disaster if—
(a)existing legislation and contingency arrangements do not adequately provide for the national executive to deal effectively with the disaster; or
(b)other special circumstances warrant the declaration of a national state of disaster.
(2)If a national state of disaster has been declared in terms of subsection (1), the Minister may, subject to subsection (3), and after consulting the responsible Cabinet member, make regulations or issue directions or authorise the issue of directions concerning—
(a)the release of any available resources of the national government, including stores, equipment, vehicles and facilities;
(b)the release of personnel of a national organ of state for the rendering of emergency services;
(c)the implementation of all or any of the provisions of a national disaster management plan that are applicable in the circumstances;
(d)the evacuation to temporary shelters of all or part of the population from the disaster-stricken or threatened area if such action is necessary for the preservation of life;
(e)the regulation of traffic to. from or within the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(f)the regulation of the movement of persons and goods to, from or within the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(g)the control and occupancy of premises in the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(h)the provision, control or use of temporary emergency accommodation;
(i)the suspension or limiting of the sale, dispensing or transportation of alcoholic beverages in the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(j)the maintenance or installation of temporary lines of communication to, from or within the disaster area;
(k)the dissemination of information required for dealing with the disaster;
(l)emergency procurement procedures;
(m)the facilitation of response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(n)other steps that may be necessary to prevent an escalation of the disaster, or to alleviate, contain and minimise the effects of the disaster; or
(o)steps to facilitate international assistance.
(3)The powers referred to in subsection (2) may be exercised only to the extent that this is necessary for the purpose of—
(a)assisting and protecting the public;
(b)providing relief to the public;
(c)protecting property;
(d)preventing or combating disruption; or
(e)dealing with the destructive and other effects of the disaster.
(4)Regulations made in terms of subsection (2) may include regulations prescribing penalties for any contravention of the regulations.
(5)A national state of disaster that has been declared in terms of subsection (1)—
(a)lapses three months after it has been declared;
(b)may be terminated by the Minister by notice in the Gazette before it lapses in terms of paragraph (a); and
(c)may be extended by the Minister by notice in the Gazette for one month at a time before it lapses in terms of paragraph (a) or the existing extension is due to expire.

Chapter 4
Provincial disaster management

Part 1 – Provincial disaster management framework

28. Provincial disaster management framework

(1)Each province must establish and implement a framework for disaster management in the province aimed at ensuring an integrated and uniform approach to disaster management in the province by all provincial organs of state, provincial statutory functionaries, non-governmental organisations involved in disaster management in the province and by the private sector.
(2)A provincial disaster management framework must be consistent with the provisions of this Act and the national disaster management framework.
(3)
(a)A provincial disaster management framework, or any amendment thereto, must be published in the relevant provincial gazette.
(b)Before establishing or amending a provincial disaster management framework, particulars of the proposed framework or amendment must be published in the relevant provincial gazette for public comment.

Part 2 – Provincial disaster management centres

29. Establishment

(1)Each province must establish a disaster management centre.
(2)A provincial disaster management centre forms part of, and functions within, a department designated by the Premier in the provincial administration.

30. Powers and duties

(1)A provincial disaster management centre
(a)must specialise in issues concerning disasters and disaster management in the province;
(b)must promote an integrated and co-ordinated approach to disaster management in the province, with special emphasis on prevention and mitigation, by-
(i)provincial organs of state in the province; and
(ii)other role-players involved in disaster management in the province;
(c)must act as a repository of, and conduit for, information concerning disasters, impending disasters and disaster management in the province;
(d)may act as an advisory and consultative body on issues concerning disasters and disaster management in the province to—
(i)organs of state and statutory functionaries;
(ii)the private sector and non-governmental organisations; and
(iii)communities and individuals;
(e)must make recommendations regarding the funding of disaster management in the province, and initiate and facilitate efforts to make such funding available;
(f)may make recommendations to any relevant organ of state or statutory functionary
(i)on draft legislation affecting this Act. the national disaster management framework or any other disaster management issue;
(ii)on the alignment of provincial or municipal legislation with this Act and the national disaster management framework; or
(iii)in the event of a provincial disaster, on whether a provincial state of disaster should be declared in terms of section 41;
(g)must promote the recruitment, training and participation of volunteers in disaster management in the province;
(h)must promote disaster management capacity building, training and education, including in schools, in the province;
(i)may promote research into all aspects of disaster management in the province;
(j)may give advice and guidance by disseminating information regarding disaster management in the province, especially to communities that are vulnerable to disasters;
(k)may exercise any powers and must perform any duties delegated and assigned to it in terms of section 14; and
(l)may assist in the implementation of legislation referred to in section 2( 1)(b) to the extent required by the administrator of such legislation and approved by the MEC responsible for the department in which the centre is located.
(2)A provincial disaster management centre may engage in any lawful activity in the province, whether alone or together with any other organisation, aimed at promoting the proper exercise of its powers or performance of its duties.
(3)A provincial disaster management centre must exercise its powers and perform its duties—
(a)within the national disaster management framework and the provincial disaster management framework referred to in section 28;
(b)subject to the policy directions of the MEC responsible for disaster management in the province acting within the national disaster management framework and the provincial disaster management framework;
(c)in accordance with the administrative instructions of the head of the provincial department in which it is located; and
(d)subject to the Public Finance Management Act, 1999.
(4)A provincial disaster management centre must liaise and co-ordinate its activities with the National Centre and the municipal disaster management centres in the province.

31. Head of provincial disaster management centre

(1)The MEC responsible for the department in which a provincial disaster management centre is located must, subject to subsection (2) and legislation governing the public service, appoint a person as the head of the provincial disaster management centre.
(2)A person appointed as the head of a provincial disaster management centre holds office on terms and conditions set out in a written employment contract which must include terms and conditions setting performance standards.
(3)The head of a provincial disaster management centre
(a)is responsible for the exercise by the centre of its powers and the performance of its duties; and
(b)takes all decisions of the centre in the exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties, except decisions taken by another person in consequence of a delegation by the head of the centre.
(4)The head of a provincial disaster management centre performs the functions of office subject to section 30(3).

31A. Staff of provincial disaster management centre

The staff of a provincial disaster management centre consists of—
(a)the head of the provincial disaster management centre; and
(b)suitably qualified persons, designated by the Head of the department within which the provincial disaster management centre is established.
[section 31A inserted by section 12 of Act 16 of 2015]

32. Assistance to National Centre

(1)A provincial disaster management centre must assist the National Centre, at the request of the National Centre, to—
(a)identify and establish communication links with provincial organs of state and other disaster management role-players in the province for the purposes of section 16;
(b)develop and maintain the disaster management electronic database envisaged in section 17 in so far as the database applies to the province; and
(c)develop guidelines in terms of section 19 for the—
(i)preparation and regular review of disaster management plans and strategies, including contingency plans and emergency procedures; and
(ii)the integration of the concept and principles of disaster management, and particularly prevention and mitigation strategies, with development plans and programmes.
(2)
(a)A provincial disaster management centre may, in writing, request any provincial organ of state or person in possession of information reasonably required by that centre for the purpose of subsection (1) (a) or (b). to provide such information to the centre within a reasonable period determined by the centre.
(b)If a provincial organ of state fails to comply with a request, the provincial disaster management centre must report the failure to the MEC responsible for disaster management in the province, who must take such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with the request, including reporting the failure to the provincial legislature.

33. Prevention and mitigation

(1)A provincial disaster management centre, to the extent that it has the capacity, must give guidance to organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, communities and individuals in the province to assess and prevent or reduce the risk of disasters, including—
(a)ways and means of—
(i)determining levels of risk;
(ii)assessing the vulnerability of communities and households to disasters that may occur;
(iii)increasing the capacity of communities and households to minimise the risk and impact of disasters that may occur; and
(iv)monitoring the likelihood of, and the state of alertness to. disasters that may occur;
(b)the development and implementation of appropriate prevention and mitigation methodologies;
(c)the integration of prevention and mitigation methodologies with development plans, programmes and initiatives; and
(d)the management of high-risk developments.
(2)A provincial disaster management centre must promote formal and informal initiatives that encourage risk-avoidance behaviour by organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, communities and individuals in the province.

34. Monitoring, measuring performance and evaluating disaster management plans and prevention, mitigation and response initiatives

A provincial disaster management centre must—
(a)monitor—
(i)progress with the preparation and regular updating in terms of sections 38, 39, 52 and 53 of disaster management plans and strategies by provincial and municipal organs of state involved in disaster management in the province;
(ii)formal and informal prevention, mitigation and response initiatives by provincial and municipal organs of state, the private sector, non- governmental organisations and communities, including the integration of these initiatives with development plans; and
(iii)the compliance in the province with key performance indicators envisaged by section 7(2)(m); and
(b)from time to time, measure performance and evaluate such progress and initiatives.

35. Disasters occurring or threatening to occur in provinces

(1)When a disastrous event occurs or threatens to occur in a province, the disaster management centre of the province concerned must determine whether the event should be regarded as a disaster in terms of this Act, and, if so. the centre must immediately—
(a)initiate efforts to assess the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of the disaster;
(b)inform the National Centre of the disaster and its initial assessment of the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of the disaster;
(c)alert disaster management role-players in the province that may be of assistance in the circumstances; and
(d)initiate the implementation of any contingency plans and emergency procedures that may be applicable in the circumstances.
(2)When informing the National Centre in terms of subsection (1)(b), the provincial disaster management centre may make such recommendations regarding the classification of the disaster as may be appropriate.

36. Annual reports

(1)The disaster management centre of a province must submit a report annually to the MEC responsible for the provincial department in which the centre is located, on—
(a)its activities during the year;
(b)the results of the centre’s monitoring of prevention and mitigation initiatives:
(c)disasters that occurred during the year in the province;
(d)the classification, magnitude and severity of these disasters;
(e)the effects they had;
(f)particular problems that were experienced—
(i)in dealing with these disasters; and
(ii)generally in implementing this Act and the national disaster management framework;
(g)the way in which these problems were addressed and any recommendations the centre wishes to make in this regard;
(h)progress with the preparation and regular updating in terms of sections 38 and 39 of disaster management plans and strategies by provincial organs of state involved in disaster management in the province; and
(i)an evaluation of the implementation of such plans.
(2)The MEC must submit the report to the provincial legislature within 30 days after receipt of the report from the provincial disaster management centre.
(3)The provincial disaster management centre must, at the same time that its report is submitted to the relevant MEC in terms of subsection (1), submit a copy of that report to the National Centre and to each municipal disaster management centre in the province.

Part 3 – Powers and duties of provincial government

37. Provincial disaster management advisory forum

(1)The MEC responsible for disaster management in a province may establish a provincial disaster management advisory forum consisting of—
(a)the head of the provincial disaster management centre;
(b)a senior representative of each provincial department designated by the Premier of the province concerned;
(c)the heads of the respective municipal disaster management centres in the province;
(d)representatives of organised local government in the province;
(e)representatives of other disaster management role-players in the province designated by the MEC. which may include—
(i)organised business in the province;
(ii)representatives of mines in the province;
(iii)organised labour in the province;
(iv)organised agriculture in the province;
(v)a traditional leader recommended by the Provincial House of Traditional Leaders established by the Premier of a province in terms of section 212 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996;[subparagraph (v) substituted by section 13(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(vi)the insurance industry in the province;
(vii)religious and welfare organisations in the province;
(viii)medical, paramedical and hospital organisations in the province;
(ix)other relevant non-governmental organisations and relief agencies in the province;
(x)institutions of higher education in the province;
(xi)institutions that can provide scientific and technological advice or support to disaster management; and
(xii)representatives of provincial umbrella organisations for women, children, the elderly and people with disabilities;[subparagraph (xii) added by section 13(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(f)experts in disaster management designated by the MEC; and
(g)persons co-opted by the forum in question for a specific period or specific discussion.
(2)A forum envisaged by subsection (1) is a body in which a provincial government and relevant disaster management role-players in the province consult one another and co-ordinate their actions on matters relating to disaster management in the province.

38. Preparation of disaster management plans

(1)Each provincial organ of state must—
(a)conduct a disaster risk assessment for its functional area;
(b)identify and map risks, areas, ecosystems, communities and households that are exposed or vulnerable to physical and human-induced threats;
(c)prepare a disaster management plan setting out—
(i)the way in which the concept and principles of disaster management are to be applied in its functional area, including expected climate change impacts and risks for the organ of state;
(ii)its role and responsibilities in terms of the national or provincial disaster management framework;
(iii)its role and responsibilities regarding emergency response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(iv)its capacity to fulfil its role and responsibilities;
(v)particulars of its disaster management strategies;
(vi)contingency strategies and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, including measures to finance these strategies; and
(vii)specific measures taken to address the needs of women, children, the elderly and persons with disabilities during the disaster management process;
(d)co-ordinate and align the implementation of its plan with those of other organs of state and institutional role-players;
(e)provide measures and indicate how it will invest in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, including ecosystem and community-based adaptation approaches;
(f)develop early warning mechanisms and procedures for risks identified in its functional area; and
(g)regularly review and update its plan.
[subsection (1) substituted by section 14 of Act 16 of 2015]
(2)The disaster management plan of a provincial organ of state referred to in subsection (1) must form an integral part of its planning.
(3)
(a)A provincial organ of state must submit a copy of its disaster management plan and of any amendment to the plan to the National Centre and the relevant provincial disaster management centre.
(b)If a provincial organ of state fails to submit a copy of its disaster management plan or of any amendment to the plan in terms of paragraph (a), the National Centre or relevant provincial disaster management centre must report the failure to the MEC responsible for disaster management in the province, who must take such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with that paragraph, including reporting the failure to the provincial legislature.

39. Disaster management plans for provinces

(1)Each province must—
(a)conduct a disaster risk assessment for its provincial area;
(b)identify and map risks, areas, ecosystems, communities and households that are exposed or vulnerable to physical and human-induced threats;
(c)prepare a disaster management plan for the province as a whole, setting out—
(i)the way in which the concept and principles of disaster management are to be applied in its provincial area, including expected climate change impacts and risks for the province;
(ii)its role and responsibilities in terms of the national and provincial disaster management framework;
(iii)its role and responsibilities regarding emergency response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(iv)its capacity to fulfil its role and responsibilities;
(v)particulars of its disaster management strategies;
(vi)contingency strategies and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, including measures to finance these strategies; and
(vii)specific measures taken to address the needs of women, children, the elderly and persons with disabilities during the disaster management process;
(d)co-ordinate and align the implementation of its plan with those of other organs of state and institutional role-players;
(e)provide measures and indicate how it will invest in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, including ecosystem and community-based adaptation approaches;
(f)develop early warning mechanisms and procedures for risks identified in the provincial area; and
(g)regularly review and update its plan.
[subsection (1) substituted by section 15 of Act 16 of 2015]
(2)A disaster management plan for a province must-
(a)form an integral part of development planning in the province;
(b)anticipate the types of disaster that are likely to occur in the province and their possible effects;
(c)guide the development of measures that reduce the vulnerability of disaster-prone areas, communities and households;
(d)seek to develop a system of incentives that will promote disaster management in the province;
(e)identify the areas or communities at risk;
(f)take into account indigenous knowledge relating to disaster management;
(g)promote disaster management research;
(h)identify and address weaknesses in capacity to deal with possible disasters;
(i)provide for appropriate prevention and mitigation strategies;
(j)facilitate maximum emergency preparedness; and
(k)contain contingency plans and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, providing for—
(i)the allocation of responsibilities to the various role-players and co-ordination in the carrying out of those responsibilities;
(ii)prompt disaster response and relief;
(iii)the procurement of essential goods and services;
(iv)the establishment of strategic communication links;
(v)the dissemination of information; and
(vi)other matters that may be prescribed.
(3)Municipal organs of state in the province, to the extent required by the province, may be requested to co-operate with the province in preparing a disaster management plan for the province.
(4)A province must submit a copy of its disaster management plan, and of any amendment to the plan, to the National Centre and each municipal disaster management centre in the province.

40. Responsibilities in event of provincial disaster

(1)The executive of a province is primarily responsible for the co-ordination and management of provincial disasters that occur in the province, irrespective of whether a provincial state of disaster has been declared in terms of section 41.
(2)The provincial executive must deal with a provincial disaster
(a)in terms of existing legislation and contingency arrangements, if a provincial state of disaster has not been declared in terms of section 41(1); or
(b)in terms of existing legislation and contingency arrangements as augmented by regulations or directions made or issued in terms of section 41(2). if a provincial state of disaster has been declared.
(3)This section does not preclude a national or municipal organ of state from providing assistance to a provincial executive to deal with a provincial disaster and its consequences.

41. Declaration of provincial state of disaster

(1)In the event of a provincial disaster, the Premier of a province, after consultation with the other MECs, may, by notice in the provincial gazette, declare a provincial state of disaster if—
(a)existing legislation and contingency arrangements do not adequately provide for the provincial executive to deal effectively with the disaster; or
(b)other special circumstances warrant the declaration of a provincial state of disaster.
(2)If a provincial state of disaster has been declared in terms of subsection (1), the Premier of the province concerned may, subject to subsection (3). make regulations or issue directions or authorise the issue of directions concerning—
(a)the release of any available resources of the provincial government, including stores, equipment, vehicles and facilities;
(b)the release of personnel of a provincial organ of state for the rendering of emergency services;
(c)the implementation of all or any of the provisions of a provincial disaster management plan that are applicable in the circumstances;
(d)the evacuation to temporary shelters of all or part of the population from the disaster-stricken or threatened area if such action is necessary for the preservation of life;
(e)the regulation of traffic to, from or within the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(f)the regulation of the movement of persons and goods to, from or within the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(g)the control and occupancy of premises in the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(h)the provision, control or use of temporary emergency accommodation;
(i)the suspension or limiting of the sale, dispensing or transportation of alcoholic beverages in the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(j)the maintenance or installation of temporary lines of communication to, from or within the disaster area;
(k)the dissemination of information required for dealing with the disaster;
(l)emergency procurement procedures;
(m)the facilitation of response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(n)steps to facilitate international assistance; or
(o)other steps that may be necessary to prevent an escalation of the disaster, or to alleviate, contain and minimise the effects of the disaster.
(3)The powers referred to in subsection (2) may be exercised only to the extent that this is necessary for the purpose of—
(a)assisting and protecting the public;
(b)providing relief to the public;
(c)protecting property;
(d)preventing or combating disruption; or
(e)dealing with the destructive and other effects of the disaster.
(4)Regulations made in terms of subsection (2) may include regulations prescribing penalties for any contravention of the regulations.
(5)A provincial state of disaster that has been declared in terms of subsection (1)—
(a)lapses three months after it has so been declared;
(b)may be terminated by the Premier by notice in the provincial gazette before it lapses in terms of paragraph (a); and
(c)may be extended by the Premier by notice in the provincial gazette for one month at a time before it lapses in terms of paragraph (a) or the existing extension is due to expire.

Chapter 5
Municipal disaster management

Part 1 – Municipal disaster management framework

42. Municipal disaster management framework

(1)Each metropolitan and each district municipality must establish and implement a framework for disaster management in the municipality aimed at ensuring an integrated and uniform approach to disaster management in its area by—
(a)the municipality and statutory functionaries of the municipality, including, in the case of a district municipality, the local municipalities and statutory functionaries of the local municipalities in its area;
(b)all municipal entities operating in its area;
(c)all non-governmental institutions involved in disaster management in its area; and
(d)the private sector.
(2)A district municipality must establish its disaster management framework after consultation with the local municipalities in its area.
(3)A municipal disaster management framework must be consistent with the provisions of this Act, the national disaster management framework and the disaster management framework of the province concerned.

Part 2 – Municipal disaster management centres

43. Establishment

(1)Each metropolitan and each district municipality must establish in its administration a disaster management centre for its municipal area.
(2)A district municipality
(a)must establish its disaster management centre after consultation with the local municipalities within its area; and
(b)may operate such centre in partnership with those local municipalities.
(3)A local municipality must establish capacity for the development and co-ordination of a disaster management plan and the implementation of a disaster management function for the municipality which forms part of the disaster management plan as approved by the relevant municipal disaster management centre.[subsection (3) added by section 16 of Act 16 of 2015]
(4)A local municipality may establish a disaster management centre in consultation with the relevant district municipality in accordance with the terms set out in a service level agreement between the two parties, in alignment with national norms and standards.[subsection (4) added by section 16 of Act 16 of 2015]

44. Powers and duties

(1)A municipal disaster management centre
(a)must specialise in issues concerning disasters and disaster management in the municipal area;
(b)must promote an integrated and co-ordinated approach to disaster management in the municipal area, with special emphasis on prevention and mitigation, by—
(i)departments and other internal units within the administration of the municipality, and, in the case of a district municipality, also by departments and other internal units within the administration of the local municipalities in the area of the district municipality;
(ii)all municipal entities operating in the municipal area; and
(iii)other role-players involved in disaster management in the municipal area;
(c)must act as a repository of, and conduit for, information concerning disasters, impending disasters and disaster management in the municipal area;
(d)may act as an advisory and consultative body on issues concerning disasters and disaster management in the municipal area for—
(i)organs of state and statutory functionaries;
(ii)the private sector and non-governmental organisations; and
(iii)communities and individuals;
(e)must make recommendations regarding the funding of disaster management in the municipal area, and initiate and facilitate efforts to make such funding available;
(f)may make recommendations to any relevant organ of state or statutory functionary
(i)on draft legislation affecting this Act, the national disaster management framework or any other disaster management issue;
(ii)on the alignment of municipal legislation with this Act. the national disaster management framework and the relevant provincial disaster management framework; or
(iii)in the event of a local disaster, on whether a local state of disaster should be declared in terms of section 55;
(g)must promote the recruitment, training and participation of volunteers in disaster management in the municipal area;
(h)must promote disaster management capacity building, training and education, including in schools, in the municipal area;
(i)may promote research into all aspects of disaster management in the municipal area;
(j)may give advice and guidance by disseminating information regarding disaster management in the municipal area, especially to communities that are vulnerable to disasters;
(k)may exercise any powers and must perform any duties delegated and assigned to it in terms of section 14; and
(l)may assist in the implementation of legislation referred to in section 2(1)(b) to the extent required by the administrator of such legislation and approved by the municipal council.
(2)A municipal disaster management centre may engage in any lawful activity in the municipal area, whether alone or together with any other organisation, aimed at promoting the effective exercise of its powers and performance of its duties.
(3)A municipal disaster management centre must exercise its powers and perform its duties—
(a)within the national disaster management framework, the disaster management framework of the province concerned and the disaster management frame- work of its municipality;
(b)subject to the municipality’s integrated development plan and other directions of the municipal council acting within the national disaster management framework, the disaster management framework of the province concerned and the disaster management framework of that municipality; and
(c)in accordance with the administrative instructions of the municipal manager.
(4)A municipal disaster management centre must liaise and co-ordinate its activities with the National Centre and the relevant provincial disaster management centre.

45. Head of municipal disaster management centre

(1)A municipal council must, subject to the applicable provisions of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act No. 32 of 2000), appoint a person as head of its municipal disaster management centre.
(2)The head of a municipal disaster management centre
(a)is responsible for the exercise by the centre of its powers and the performance of its duties; and
(b)in accordance with the directions of the council, takes all decisions of the centre in the exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties, except decisions taken by another person in consequence of a delegation by the head of the centre.
(3)The head of a municipal disaster management centre performs the functions of office subject to section 44(3).

45A. Staff of municipal disaster management centre

The staff of a municipal disaster management centre consists of—
(a)the head of the municipal disaster management centre; and
(b)suitably qualified persons appointed in the administration of the municipality.
[section 45A inserted by section 17 of Act 16 of 2015]

46. Assistance to National Centre and provincial disaster management centre

(1)A municipal disaster management centre must assist the National Centre and the relevant provincial disaster management centre at that centre’s request to—
(a)identify and establish communication links with disaster management role-players in the municipal area for the purposes of section 16;
(b)develop and maintain the disaster management electronic database envisaged in section 17 in so far as the database applies to the municipality; and
(c)develop guidelines in terms of section 19 for the—
(i)preparation and regular review of disaster management plans and strategies, including contingency plans and emergency procedures; and
(ii)the integration of the concept and principles of disaster management, and particularly prevention and mitigation strategies, with development plans and programmes.
(2)
(a)A municipal disaster management centre may, in writing, request any municipal organ of state or person in possession of information reasonably required by that centre for the purpose of subsection (l)(a) or (b), to provide such information to the centre within a reasonable period determined by the centre.
(b)If a municipal organ of state fails to comply with a request, the municipal disaster management centre must report the failure to the executive mayor or mayor, as the case may be, of that municipality, who must take such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with the request, including reporting the failure to the municipal council.

47. Prevention and mitigation

(1)A municipal disaster management centre, to the extent that it has the capacity, must give guidance to organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, communities and individuals in the municipal area to assess and prevent or reduce the risk of disasters, including—
(a)ways and means of—
(i)determining levels of risk;
(ii)assessing the vulnerability of communities and households to disasters that may occur;
(iii)increasing the capacity of communities and households to minimise the risk and impact of disasters that may occur; and
(iv)monitoring the likelihood of, and the state of alertness to. disasters that may occur;
(b)the development and implementation of appropriate prevention and mitigation methodologies;
(c)the integration of prevention and mitigation methodologies with development plans, programmes and initiatives; and
(d)the management of high-risk developments.
(2)A municipal disaster management centre must promote formal and informal initiatives that encourage risk-avoidance behaviour by organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, communities, households and individuals in the municipal area.

48. Monitoring, measuring performance and evaluating disaster management plans and prevention, mitigation and response initiatives

(1)A municipal disaster management centre must—
(a)monitor—
(i)progress with the preparation and regular updating in terms of sections 52 and 53 of disaster management plans and strategies by municipal organs of state involved in disaster management in the municipal area;
(ii)formal and informal prevention, mitigation and response initiatives by municipal organs of state, the private sector, non-governmental organisations and communities in the municipal area, including the integration of these initiatives with development plans; and
(iii)the compliance in the municipal area with key performance indicators envisaged by section 7(2)(m); and
(b)from time to time, measure performance and evaluate such progress and initiatives.

49. Disaster occurring or threatening to occur in municipal areas

(1)When a disastrous event occurs or is threatening to occur in the area of a municipality, the disaster management centre of the municipality concerned must determine whether the event should be regarded as a disaster in terms of this Act, and. if so, must immediately—
(a)initiate efforts to assess the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of the disaster;
(b)inform the National Centre and the relevant provincial disaster management centre of the disaster and its initial assessment of the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude and severity of the disaster;
(c)alert disaster management role-players in the municipal area that may be of assistance in the circumstances; and
(d)initiate the implementation of any contingency plans and emergency procedures that may be applicable in the circumstances.
(2)When informing the National Centre and the relevant provincial disaster management centre in terms of subsection (l)(b), the municipal disaster management centre may make such recommendations regarding the classification of the disaster as may be appropriate.

50. Annual reports

(1)The disaster management centre of a municipality must submit a report annually to the municipal council on—
(a)its activities during the year;
(b)the results of the centre’s monitoring of prevention and mitigation initiatives;
(c)disasters that occurred during the year in the area of the municipality;
(d)the classification, magnitude and severity of these disasters;
(e)the effects they had;
(f)particular problems that were experienced—
(i)in dealing with these disasters; and
(ii)generally in implementing this Act, the national disaster management framework, the disaster management framework of the province concerned and the disaster management framework of its municipality;
(g)the way in which these problems were addressed and any recommendations the centre wishes to make in this regard;
(h)progress with the preparation and regular updating in terms of sections 52 and 53 of disaster management plans and strategies by municipal organs of state involved in disaster management in the municipal area; and
(i)an evaluation of the implementation of such plans.
(2)
(a)A municipal disaster management centre must, at the same time that its report is submitted to the municipal council in terms of subsection (1), submit a copy of the report to the National Centre and the disaster management centre of the province concerned.
(b)The disaster management centre of a district municipality must at the same time, also submit a copy of its report to each local municipality in the area of the district municipality.
(3)The disaster management centre of a district municipality that is operated in partnership with local municipalities within the area of the district municipality must prepare its report in consultation with those local municipalities.

Part 3 – Powers and duties of municipal organs of state

[Part 3 heading substituted by section 18 of Act 16 of 2015]

51. Municipal disaster management advisory forum

(1)A metropolitan or district municipality may establish a municipal disaster management advisory forum consisting of—
(a)the head of the municipal disaster management centre in the municipality;
(b)a senior representative of each department or component within the administration of the municipality designated by the executive mayor or mayor, as the case may be;
(c)if it is a district municipality, representatives of the local municipalities within the area of jurisdiction of the district municipality;
(d)representatives of other disaster management role-players in the municipality designated by the executive mayor or mayor, as the case may be, which may include—
(i)organised business in the municipality;
(ii)organised labour in the municipality;
(iii)relevant community-based organisations;
(iv)one traditional leader elected from the traditional council or traditional councils in a municipality recognised by the Premier of a province in terms of section 212 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996;[subparagraph (iv) substituted by section 19(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(v)the insurance industry in the municipality;
(vi)representatives of the agricultural sector in the municipality;
(vii)religious and welfare organisations in the municipality;
(viii)medical, paramedical and hospital organisations in the municipality;
(ix)institutions of higher education;
(x)institutions that can provide scientific and technological advice or support to disaster management;
(xi)other relevant non-governmental organisations and relief agencies in the municipality; and
(xii)representatives of local umbrella organisations for women, children, the elderly and people with disabilities;[subparagraph (xii) added by section 19(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(e)experts in disaster management designated by the executive mayor or mayor, as the case may be; and
(f)persons co-opted by the forum in question for a specific period or specific discussion.
(2)A forum envisaged by subsection (1) is a body in which a municipality and relevant disaster management role-players in the municipality consult one another and co-ordinate their actions on matters relating to disaster management in the municipality.

52. Preparation of disaster management plans by municipal organs of state other than municipalities

[heading substituted by section 20(a) of Act 16 of 2015]
(1)Each municipal organ of state other than a municipality must—
(a)conduct a disaster risk assessment for its functional area;
(b)identify and map risks, areas, ecosystems, communities and households that are exposed or vulnerable to physical and human-induced threats;
(c)prepare a disaster management plan setting out—
(i)the way in which the concept and principles of disaster management are to be applied in its functional area, including expected climate change impacts and risks for that municipal entity or administrative unit;
(ii)its role and responsibilities in terms of the national, provincial or municipal disaster management framework;
(iii)its role and responsibilities regarding emergency response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(iv)its capacity to fulfil its role and responsibilities;
(v)particulars of its disaster management strategies;
(vi)contingency strategies and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, including measures to finance these strategies; and
(vii)specific measures taken to address the needs of women, children, the elderly and persons with disabilities during the disaster management process;
(d)co-ordinate and align the implementation of its plan with those of other organs of state and institutional role-players;
(e)provide measures and indicate how it will invest in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, including ecosystem and community-based adaptation approaches;
(f)develop early warning mechanisms and procedures for risks identified in its functional area; and
(g)regularly review and update its plan.
[subsection (1) substituted by section 20(b) of Act 16 of 2015]
(2)
(a)A municipal organ of state referred to in subsection (1) must submit a copy of its disaster management plan, and of any amendment to the plan, to the relevant municipal disaster management centre.
(b)If a municipal organ of state fails to submit a copy of its disaster management plan or of any amendment to the plan in terms of paragraph (a), the relevant municipal disaster management centre must report the failure to the executive mayor or mayor, as the case may be, of the municipality concerned, who must take such steps as may be necessary to secure compliance with that paragraph, including reporting the failure to the municipal council.
[subsection (2) substituted by section 20(c) of Act 16 of 2015]

53. Disaster management plans for municipal areas

(1)Each municipality must—
(a)conduct a disaster risk assessment for its municipal area;
(b)identify and map risks, areas, ecosystems, communities and households that are exposed or vulnerable to physical and human-induced threats;
(c)prepare a disaster management plan setting out—
(i)the way in which the concept and principles of disaster management are to be applied in its municipal area, including expected climate change impacts and risks for the municipality;
(ii)its role and responsibilities in terms of the national, provincial or municipal disaster management framework;
(iii)its role and responsibilities regarding emergency response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation;
(iv)its capacity to fulfil its role and responsibilities;
(v)particulars of its disaster management strategies;
(vi)contingency strategies and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, including measures to finance these strategies; and
(vii)specific measures taken to address the needs of women, children, the elderly and persons with disabilities during the disaster management process;
(d)co-ordinate and align the implementation of its plan with those of other organs of state and institutional role-players;
(e)provide measures and indicate how it will invest in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, including ecosystem and community-based adaptation approaches;
(f)develop early warning mechanisms and procedures for risks identified in the municipal area;
(g)regularly review and update its plan; and
(h)through appropriate mechanisms, processes and procedures established in terms of Chapter 4 of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act No. 32 of 2000), consult the local community on the preparation or amendment of its plan.
[subsection (1) substituted by section 21 of Act 16 of 2015]
(2)A disaster management plan for a municipal area must—
(a)form an integral part of the municipality’s integrated development plan;
(b)anticipate the types of disaster that are likely to occur in the municipal area and their possible effects;
(c)place emphasis on measures that reduce the vulnerability of disaster-prone areas, communities and households;
(d)seek to develop a system of incentives that will promote disaster management in the municipality;
(e)identify the areas, communities or households at risk;
(f)take into account indigenous knowledge relating to disaster management;
(g)promote disaster management research;
(h)identify and address weaknesses in capacity to deal with possible disasters;
(i)provide for appropriate prevention and mitigation strategies;
(j)facilitate maximum emergency preparedness; and
(k)contain contingency plans and emergency procedures in the event of a disaster, providing for—
(i)the allocation of responsibilities to the various role-players and co-ordination in the carrying out of those responsibilities;
(ii)prompt disaster response and relief
(iii)the procurement of essential goods and services;
(iv)the establishment of strategic communication links;
(v)the dissemination of information; and
(vi)other matters that may be prescribed.
(3)A district municipality and the local municipalities within the area of the district municipality must prepare their disaster management plans after consulting each other.
(4)A municipality must submit a copy of its disaster management plan, and of any amendment to the plan, to the National Centre, the disaster management centre of the relevant province, and, if it is a district municipality or a local municipality, to every municipal disaster management centre within the area of the district municipality concerned.

54. Responsibilities in event of local disaster

(1)Irrespective of whether a local state of disaster has been declared in terms of section 55
(a)the council of a metropolitan municipality is primarily responsible for the co-ordination and management of local disasters that occur in its area; and
(b)the council of a district municipality, acting after consultation with the relevant local municipality, is primarily responsible for the co-ordination and management of local disasters that occur in its area.
(2)A district municipality and the relevant local municipality may, despite subsection (1)(b), agree that the council of the local municipality assumes primary responsibility for the co-ordination and management of a local disaster that has occurred or may occur in the area of the local municipality.
(3)The municipality having primary responsibility for the co-ordination and management of a local disaster must deal with a local disaster
(a)in terms of existing legislation and contingency arrangements, if a local state of disaster has not been declared in terms of section 55(1); or
(b)in terms of existing legislation and contingency arrangements as augmented by by-laws or directions made or issued in terms of section 55(2), if a local state of disaster has been declared.
(4)This section does not preclude a national or provincial organ of state, or another municipality or municipal organ of state from providing assistance to a municipality to deal with a local disaster and its consequences.

55. Declaration of local state of disaster

(1)In the event of a local disaster the council of a municipality having primary responsibility for the co-ordination and management of the disaster may, by notice in the provincial gazette, declare a local state of disaster if—
(a)existing legislation and contingency arrangements do not adequately provide for that municipality to deal effectively with the disaster; or
(b)other special circumstances warrant the declaration of a local state of disaster.
(2)If a local state of disaster has been declared in terms of subsection (1), the municipal council concerned may, subject to subsection (3), make by-laws or issue directions, or authorise the issue of directions, concerning—
(a)the release of any available resources of the municipality, including stores, equipment, vehicles and facilities;
(b)the release of personnel of the municipality for the rendering of emergency services;
(c)the implementation of all or any of the provisions of a municipal disaster management plan that are applicable in the circumstances;
(d)the evacuation to temporary shelters of all or part of the population from the disaster-stricken or threatened area if such action is necessary for the preservation of life;
(e)the regulation of traffic to, from or within the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(f)the regulation of the movement of persons and goods to, from or within the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(g)the control and occupancy of premises in the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(h)the provision, control or use of temporary emergency accommodation;
(i)the suspension or limiting of the sale, dispensing or transportation of alcoholic beverages in the disaster-stricken or threatened area;
(j)the maintenance or installation of temporary lines of communication to, from or within the disaster area;
(k)the dissemination of information required for dealing with the disaster;
(l)emergency procurement procedures;
(m)the facilitation of response and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation; or
(n)other steps that may be necessary to prevent an escalation of the disaster, or to alleviate, contain and minimise the effects of the disaster.
(3)The powers referred to in subsection (2) may be exercised only to the extent that this is necessary for the purpose of—
(a)assisting and protecting the public;
(b)providing relief to the public;
(c)protecting property;
(d)preventing or combating disruption; or
(e)dealing with the destructive and other effects of the disaster.
(4)By-laws made in terms of subsection (2) may include by-laws prescribing penalties for any contravention of the by-laws.
(5)A municipal state of disaster that has been declared in terms of subsection (1)—
(a)lapses three months after it has so been declared;
(b)may be terminated by the council by notice in the provincial gazette before it lapses in terms of paragraph (a); and
(c)may be extended by the council by notice in the provincial gazette for one month at a time before it lapses in terms of paragraph (a) or the existing extension is due to expire.

Chapter 6
Funding of post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation

[Chapter 6 came into operation on 1 April 2004 insofar as it relates to Chapters 2, 3 and 4 – see Proclamation 23 of 2004.]

56. Guiding principles

(1)This Chapter is subject to sections 16 and 25 of the Public Finance Management Act, 1999, which provide for the use of funds in emergency situations.
(2)When a disaster occurs the following principles apply:
(a)National, provincial and local organs of state may financially contribute to response efforts and post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation.
(b)The cost of repairing or replacing public sector infrastructure should be borne by the organ of state responsible for the maintenance of such infrastructure.
(3)The Minister may in the national disaster management framework, prescribe a percentage of the budget, or any aspect of a budget, of a provincial organ of state or a municipal organ of state, as the case may be, as a threshold for accessing additional funding from the national government for response efforts.
(4)Any financial assistance provided by a national, provincial or municipal organ of state in terms of subsection (2)(a) must be in accordance with the national disaster management framework and any applicable post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation policy of the relevant sphere of government, and may take into account—
(a)whether any prevention and mitigation measures were taken, and if not, the reasons for the absence of such measures;
(b)whether the disaster could have been avoided or minimised had prevention and mitigation measures been taken;
(c)whether it is reasonable to expect that prevention and mitigation measures should have been taken in the circumstances;
(d)whether the damage caused by the disaster is covered by adequate insurance, and if not, the reasons for the absence or inadequacy of insurance cover;
(e)the extent of financial assistance available from community, public or other non-governmental support programmes; and
(f)the magnitude and severity of the disaster, the financial capacity of the victims of the disaster and their accessibility to commercial insurance.

57. National contributions to alleviate effects of local and provincial disasters

When a municipality or a province in the event of a local or provincial disaster requests the national government to financially contribute to post-disaster recovery and rehabilitation, the following factors may be taken into account:
(a)Whether any prevention and mitigation measures were taken or initiated by the municipality or province, and if not, the reasons for the absence of such measures;
(b)whether the disaster could have been avoided or minimised had prevention and mitigation measures been taken;
(c)whether it is reasonable to expect that prevention and mitigation measures should have been taken or initiated in the circumstances by the municipality or province;
(d)whether the damage caused by the disaster is covered by adequate insurance, and if not, the reasons for the absence or inadequacy of insurance cover; and
(e)the magnitude and severity of the disaster and whether or not available financial resources at local level, or if it is a provincial disaster, at provincial level, are exhausted.

Chapter 7
Disaster management volunteers

58. Disaster management volunteers

(1)A metropolitan or a district municipality may establish a unit of volunteers to participate in disaster management in the municipality.
(2)Any person that meets the prescribed minimum requirements may apply to enrol as a volunteer in the unit of volunteers of a relevant municipality.
(3)
(a)The National Centre must maintain a register of all volunteers enrolled in a unit of volunteers.
(b)A municipality that has established a unit of volunteers must submit the prescribed particulars of any person that has enrolled in terms of subsection (2) to the National Centre within 21 days of such a person’s enrolment.
(4)A unit of volunteers may participate in exercises related to disaster management organised by one or more municipal disaster management centres, a provincial disaster management centre or the National Centre.
(5)The Minister may prescribe the following:
(a)The command structure of a unit of volunteers;
(b)components within a unit of volunteers;
(c)the requirements for, and recruitment of, a volunteer;
(d)the manner in which any member of a unit of volunteers is to be activated and deployed;
(e)the training of volunteers;
(f)the use of equipment by volunteers;
(g)the defraying of expenses incurred by volunteers;
(h)uniforms of volunteers;
(i)insignia to be worn by—
(i)different units of volunteers;
(ii)different components within a unit of volunteers; and
(iii)different positions of command within a unit of volunteers; and
(j)the transfer of a volunteer from one unit of volunteers to another unit of volunteers.
(6)This section does not preclude—
(a)a municipality from calling on persons who are not members of a unit of volunteers to assist the municipality in dealing with a disaster; or
(b)any number of persons from taking reasonable steps to deal with a disaster in an appropriate manner until a municipality takes responsibility for that disaster, and, where appropriate, to continue dealing with the disaster under the control of the municipality.

Chapter 8
Miscellaneous

[Chapter 8 came into operation on 1 April 2004 insofar as it relates to Chapters 2, 3 and 4 – see Proclamation 23 of 2004.]

59. Regulations

(1)The Minister may make regulations not inconsistent with this Act
(a)concerning any matter that—
(i)may or must be prescribed in terms of a provision of this Act; or
(ii)is necessary to prescribe for the effective carrying out of the objects of this Act;
(b)providing for the payment, out of moneys appropriated by Parliament for this purpose, of compensation to any person, or the dependants of any person, whose death, bodily injury or disablement results from any event occurring in the course of the performance of any function entrusted to such person in terms of this Act;
(c)concerning the focus areas of the national disaster management education, training and research frameworks; and
(d)concerning the declaration and classification of disasters.
[subsection (1) substituted by section 22 of Act 16 of 2015]
(2)Regulations referred to in subsection (1)(b)—
(a)must—
(i)determine the basis upon which and the conditions subject to which compensation must be paid in terms of such regulations;
(ii)determine the authority responsible for the administration of such regulations;
(b)may, without derogating from the generality of the provisions of subsection (1)(b)—
(i)determine the persons who must be regarded as dependants for purposes of such regulations;
(ii)provide for the revision and, in appropriate cases, the discontinuance or reduction of any compensation payable in terms of such regulations;
(iii)prohibit the cession, assignment or attachment of any compensation payable in terms of such regulations, or the right to any such compensation;
(iv)determine that any compensation received in terms of such regulations must not form part of the estate of the recipient, should such estate be sequestrated;
(v)provide that if, in the opinion of the authority referred to in paragraph (a)(ii), it is for any reason undesirable to pay the whole amount of any compensation payable in terms of such regulations directly to the person entitled thereto, the said authority may direct that such compensation, or any part thereof, be paid to some other person, on such conditions as to its administration for the benefit of such first-mentioned person or his or her dependants as that authority may determine.
(3)The Minister may, in terms of subsection (1), prescribe a penalty of imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months or a fine for any contravention of. or failure to comply with, a regulation.
(4)Any regulations made by the Minister in terms of subsection (1) must be referred to the National Council of Provinces for purposes of section 146(6) of the Constitution.

60. Offences

(1)A person is guilty of an offence if that person fails to comply with a request made by the National Centre in terms of section 18(1) or by a provincial or municipal disaster management centre in terms of section 32(2)(a) or 46(2)(a).
(2)A person convicted of an offence mentioned in subsection (1) is liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding six months or to both a fine and such imprisonment.

61. Indemnity

The Minister, the National Centre, a provincial or municipal disaster management centre, an employee seconded or designated for the purpose of the National Centre or a provincial or municipal disaster management centre, a representative of the National Centre or a provincial or municipal disaster management centre, or any other person exercising a power or performing a duty in terms of this Act, is not liable for anything done in good faith in terms of, or in furthering the objects of, this Act.

62. Scope of assistance by organs of state:

Where an organ of state provides assistance to another organ of state for purposes of this Act, the officials and equipment of the organ of state providing assistance must, for purposes of conditions of employment, utilisation of equipment and insurance, be deemed to be deployed within the normal area of jurisdiction of the organ of state providing assistance.

63. Phasing in of certain provisions of Act

(1)
(a)The Minister, by notice in the Gazette, may phase in the application of the provisions of this Act which place a financial or administrative burden on organs of state by determining the period within which, and the extent to which, an organ of state must comply with a particular provision of this Act.
(b)The period referred to in paragraph (a) may not exceed two years after the commencement of this Act.
(2)A notice in terms of subsection (1), may—
(a)differentiate between different organs of state;
(b)differentiate between provincial organs of state in the different provinces;
(c)apply to a specific municipal organ of state, subject to the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act No. 32 of 2000); and
(d)determine different periods in respect of different organs of state identified in terms of paragraphs (a) to (c).

64. Repeal of Act 67 of 1977

(1)
(a)The Civil Protection Act, 1977 (Act No. 67 of 1977), to the extent that provisions of that Act have not been assigned to a province, is repealed.
(b)Provisions of that Act that were assigned to a province, continue to apply in the province until repealed by the provincial legislature.
(2)Despite the repeal of provisions of the Civil Protection Act, 1977, section 9 of that Act continues to apply to any death, injury or disablement, as described in that section, which occurred before the repeal of that section.

65. Short title and commencement

This Act is called the Disaster Management Act, 2002, and comes into operation on a date determined by the President by proclamation in the Gazette.
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History of this document

01 May 2016 this version
01 July 2004
01 April 2004
30 December 2002
Assented to

Subsidiary legislation

Title Numbered title
Adjusted Level 4 Directions for Older Persons’ Residential Facilities and Community Nutrition Development Centres Government Notice 608 of 2021
Alert Level 2: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities in the Republic of South Africa Government Notice 967 of 2020
Amendment of Regulations and Withdrawal of Directions Relating to the COVID-19 National State of Disaster Government Notice R667 of 2020
COGTA COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020 Government Notice R399 of 2020
COGTA COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 510 of 2020
COGTA COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 748 of 2020
COGTA COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice R432 of 2020
COVID-19 Occupational Health and Safety measures in workplaces COVID-19 (C19 OHS), 2020 Government Notice 479 of 2020
COVID-19 Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme (C19 TERS) Direction, 2021 Government Notice R167 of 2021
COVID-19 Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme (C19 TERS) Direction, 2021 Government Notice R342 of 2021
Classification of National Disaster: Impact of Severe Electricity Supply Constraint, 2023 Government Notice 3019 of 2023
Classification of a National Disaster Government Notice 312 of 2020
Classification of a provincial disaster: Impact of severe weather events in various municipal areas of the KwaZulu-Natal province Government Notice R2013 of 2022
Consolidated COVID-19 Direction on Health and Safety in the Workplace Government Notice R639 of 2020
Consolidated Direction on Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Certain Workplaces Government Notice R1031 of 2020
Consolidated Directions on Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Certain Workplaces Government Notice R499 of 2021
Covid-19 Temporary Relief Scheme, 2020 General Notice 215 of 2020
Covid-19 Temporary Relief Scheme, 2020: Amendment General Notice 240 of 2020
Covid-19 Temporary Relief Scheme, 2020: Amendment Government Notice R486 of 2020
Covid-19 Temporary Relief Scheme, 2020: Amendment Government Notice R595 of 2020
Covid-19 Temporary Relief Scheme, 2020: Further amendment Government Notice R541 of 2020
Cross-Border Road Transport Special Dispensation (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of Cross-Border Road Transport Passengers) Directions, 2020 Government Notice 413 of 2020
Declaration of Essential Services for purposes of COVID-19 Government Notice 431-C of 2020
Declaration of National State of Disaster: Impact of Severe Electricity Supply Constraint, 2023 Government Notice 3020 of 2023
Declaration of a National State of Disaster Government Notice 313 of 2020
Declaration of a national state of disaster: Impact of severe weather events in various municipal areas of the KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and other provinces Government Notice R2029 of 2022
Department of Arts and Culture: Directions regarding live streaming Government Notice 490 of 2020
Department of Arts and Culture: Directions regarding live streaming: Amendment Government Notice 668 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Government Notice 796 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1278 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1360 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 589 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R716 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R868 of 2020
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 240 of 2021
Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Repealed Government Notice 457 of 2020
Department of Mineral Resources and Energy: Directions to Provide Guidance on the Implementation of the Provisions for Essential Goods and Services (2) Government Notice 542 of 2020
Department of Mineral Resources and Energy: Directions to provide guidance on the implementation of the provisions for essential goods and services Government Notice R462 of 2020
Department of Mineral Resources: Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 and to alleviate, contain and minimise the effects of the national state of disaster and for the protection and safety of persons General Notice 250 of 2020
Department of Social Development: Adjusted Alert Level 3 Directions Government Notice R681 of 2021
Department of Social Development: Directions to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Government Notice 993 of 2020
Department of Sports, Art and Culture: Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 Government Notice 461 of 2020
Department of Sports, Art and Culture: Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 669 of 2020
Department of Tourism: Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 General Notice 235 of 2020
Department of Transport: Declaration of Essential Services for purposes of COVID-19 Government Notice 453-C of 2020
Department of Transport: Directions determining the Extension for the Validity Period of Operating Licence and Accreditation Certification for Public Transport Operators: for purposes of Lockdown (COVID-19) Government Notice 454-B of 2020
Department of Transport: Directions on Sea Cargo Operations and Air Freight Operations Government Notice 453-B of 2020
Determination of Alert Level Government Notice R476 of 2021
Determination of Alert Level Government Notice R529 of 2021
Determination of Alert Level Government Notice R650 of 2021
Determination of Alert Level Government Notice R868 of 2021
Determination of Alert Level Government Notice R959 of 2021
Determination of Alert Level 1 Government Notice 998 of 2020
Determination of Alert Level 2 Government Notice 891-A of 2020
Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots Government Notice 1291 of 2020
Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots Government Notice 608-A of 2020
Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots in the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Gauteng Provinces Government Notice R1424 of 2020
Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots: Garden Route, Sarah Baartman and Nelson Mandela Bay Government Notice 1345 of 2020
Determination of extension for the validity period of a learner's licence, driving licence card, licence disc, professional driving permit and registration of a motor vehicle Directions, 2020 Government Notice 491 of 2020
Direction Extending COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employee Government Notice R968 of 2020
Direction Extending COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employee: Withdrawal Government Notice R1270 of 2020
Direction Extending COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employees Government Notice R878 of 2020
Direction Providing COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employees Government Notice R637 of 2021
Direction by the Minister of Finance: Essential Financial Services Government Notice 487 of 2020
Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 at Sea Ports for Adjusted Alert Level 3 Government Notice 79 of 2021
Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 at Sea Ports for Adjusted Alert Level 3: Amendment Government Notice 1076 of 2021
Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Air Services for Adjusted Alert Level 3 Government Notice 63 of 2021
Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Air Services for Adjusted Alert Level 3: Amendment Government Notice 1091 of 2021
Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Air Services for Adjusted Alert Level 3: Amendment Government Notice 158 of 2021
Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the spread of COVID-19 at Sea Ports for Adjusted Alert Level 3 Government Notice 60 of 2021
Directions Regarding Auctions and Sales in Execution Conducted by Sheriffs of the Court Government Notice R816 of 2020
Directions Regarding Livestock Auctions Board Notice 85 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Pevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to National Environmental Management Permits and Licences (Alert Level 3) Government Notice 650 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to Biodiversity Auctions Government Notice 1064 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to Biodiversity Sector: Amendment Government Notice 619 of 2021
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to National Environmental Management Permits and Licences Government Notice 970 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector Government Notice 537 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector Government Notice 591 of 2021
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector (Alert Level 3) Government Notice 647 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector (Alert Level 3): Amendment Government Notice 822 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector (Alert Level 3): Amendment Government Notice 870 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector: Amendment Government Notice 596 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Forestry Sector (Alert Level 3) Government Notice 649 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Freshwater and Marine Fishing Sectors Government Notice 538 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Freshwater and Marine Fishing Sectors (Alert Level 3) Government Notice 648 of 2020
Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Relation to Recycling of Waste Government Notice 539 of 2020
Directions Regarding e-Commerce Sales During Alert Level 4 of the COVID-19 National State of Disaster Government Notice R535 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Criteria to Guide the Determination of Alert Levels Government Notice R867 of 2020
Directions Regarding the National Criteria for the Phased-in Return to Campuses of Public and Private Higher Education Institutions Government Notice 652 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Phased Return of Children to Early Childhood Development Programmes and Partial Care Facilities Government Notice 762 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Department of Basic Education, All Provincial Education Departments, All Education District Offices and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa General Notice 302 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Departmentof Basic Education, All Provincial Education Departments, All Education District Offices and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 304 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa General Notice 42 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 145 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 224 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 393 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 422 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 633 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 707 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 758 of 2022
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment Government Notice 451 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa General Notice 343 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 357 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 370 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 411 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 503 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 579 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 748 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 18 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and all Provincial Departments of Education, all Education District Offices and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 442 of 2021
Directions Regarding the Sale of Cars and Emergency Automobile Repairs During Alert Level 4 of the COVID-19 National State of Disaster Government Notice R524 of 2020
Directions Regarding the Sale of Clothing, Footwear and Bedding During Alert Level 4 of the COVID-19 National State of Disaster Government Notice R523 of 2020
Directions Relating to Norms and Standards for Religious Gatherings Government Notice 1052 of 2020
Directions Relating to Norms and Standards for Religious Gatherings Government Notice 609 of 2020
Directions Relating to Norms and Standards for Religious Gatherings: Amendment Government Notice 1056 of 2020
Directions Relating to Spatial Planning, Land Use Management and Land Development Processes General Notice 431 of 2020
Directions Relating to Sport, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 1985 of 2022
Directions Relating to Sports, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 1037 of 2021
Directions Relating to Sports, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 496 of 2021
Directions Relating to Sports, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 576 of 2021
Directions Relating to Sports, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 635 of 2021
Directions Relating to Sports, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 674 of 2021
Directions for Alert Level 1, to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities in the Republic of South Africa Government Notice 1197 of 2020
Directions for Re-opening of Institutions Offering Qualifications Registered on the Occupational Qualifications Sub-Framework (OQSF) as Part of a Risk-adjusted Strategy for a Phased-in Return of Skills Development Activities General Notice 355 of 2020
Directions for a National Framework for Tuition and Accomodation Fees in Public Higher Education Institutions for the Academic Year 2020 Government Notice 1057 of 2020
Directions for the Resumption of Construction and Related Services in Post School Education and Training Institutions Government Notice 617 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID -19 in the Public Transport Services: Amendment Government Notice 255 of 2021
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Railway Operations for Adjusted Alert Level 3 Government Notice 62 of 2021
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Railway Operations for Adjusted Alert Level 3: Amendment Government Notice 256 of 2021
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services Government Notice 59 of 2021
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020 Government Notice 801 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 1344 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 1420 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 925 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 953 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 996 of 2020
Directions on Measures to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Government Notice 1028 of 2021
Directions on Measures to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Cross-Border Road Transport Services Government Notice 61 of 2021
Directions on Risk Adjusted Strategy for Tourism Facilities, Services and Products General Notice 356 of 2020
Directions on Risk-adjusted Strategy for Tourism Facilities, Services and Products: Amendment General Notice 414 of 2020
Directions on Risk-adjusted Strategy for Tourism Facilities, Services and Products: Amendment General Notice 452 of 2020
Directions on Risk-adjusted Strategy for Tourism Facilities, Services and Products: Amendment General Notice 514 of 2020
Directions on Taxi Relief Fund to Mitigate the Impact of COVID-19 in the Taxi Industry, 2021 Government Notice 290 of 2021
Directions on Zero-rating of Content and Websites for Education and Health Government Notice 651 of 2020
Directions on a National Framework and Criteria for the Management of the 2021 Academic Year in Public and Private Higher Education Institutions Government Notice 277 of 2021
Directions on taxi relief fund towards the impact of COVID-19 in the taxi industry, 2021 Government Notice 1567 of 2021
Directions on taxi relief fund towards the impact of COVID-19 in the taxi industry, 2021: Amendment Government Notice 1811 of 2022
Directions on the Determination of Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles for Adjusted Alert Level 3: Amendment Government Notice 788 of 2021
Directions on the Determination of the Commencement of Services and Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles Government Notice 544 of 2020
Directions on the Determination of the Commencement of Services and Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles: Amendment Government Notice 1281 of 2020
Directions on the Determination of the Commencement of Services and Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles: Amendment Government Notice 802 of 2020
Directions on the Determination of the Commencement of Services and Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles: Amendment Government Notice 1946 of 2022
Directions on the Determination of the Commencement of Services and Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles: Amendment Government Notice 1983 of 2022
Directions on the Once-off Movement of Persons and the Transportation of Goods for Purposes of Relocation Government Notice 513 of 2020
Directions on the Once-off Movement of Persons and the Transportation of Goods for Purposes of Relocation Government Notice 534 of 2020
Directions on the Risk-Adjusted Strategy for the Communications and Digital Technologies Sector Government Notice 484 of 2020
Directions on the Risk-Adjusted Strategy for the Communications and Digital Technologies Sector: Amendment Government Notice 590 of 2020
Directions on the Risk-Adjusted Strategy for the Communications and Digital Technologies Sector: Amendment Government Notice 671 of 2020
Directions on the Risk-Adjusted Strategy for the Communications and Digital Technologies Sector: Amendment Government Notice 594 of 2021
Directions on the establishment of the COVID-19 Vaccine Injury No-Fault Compensation Scheme Government Notice 1987 of 2022
Directions regarding call centres providing essential services Government Notice R459 of 2020
Directions regarding correctional centres and remand detention facilities Government Notice 460 of 2020
Directions regarding the full time return of learners to schools and measures to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all schools in the Republic of South Africa General Notice 806 of 2022
Directions regarding the full time return of learners to schools and measures to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 952 of 2022
Directions relating to the movement of persons Government Notice 482 of 2020
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in All Courts, Court Precincts and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa (Adjusted Alert Level 3) Government Notice R73 of 2021
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in All Courts, Court Precincts and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa (Alert Level 3) Government Notice 623 of 2020
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in All Courts, Court Precincts and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa (Alert Level 4) Government Notice R489 of 2020
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities Government Notice 698 of 2020
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities Government Notice 54 of 2021
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities in the Republic of South Africa Government Notice 647 of 2021
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Courts, Court Houses and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa Government Notice R632 of 2021
Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Courts, Court houses and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa Government Notice 992 of 2020
Directions to Assist Micro and Small Businesses Trading in Permitted Services, to Comply with the Regulations Government Notice R522 of 2020
Directions to Permit Travel and Recommencement of Studies for Final Year Medical Students Registered at South African Public Universities During the Academic Year 2020 Government Notice 533 of 2020
Directions to Permit Travel and Recommencement of Studies for Final Year Medical Students Registered at South African Public Universities During the Academic Year 2020 (2) Government Notice 591 of 2020
Directions to Provide Protocols to Mitigate and Manage the COVID-19 Outbreak Amongst Employees and Customers in the Personal Care Services Industry (Alert Level 3) Government Notice R696 of 2020
Directions to Provide for the Continuous Supply of Energy and Petroleum Products and to Allow Maintenance and Construction Work for Energy Projects to Resume Government Notice 697 of 2020
Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in all courts, court precincts and justice service points Government Notice R418 of 2020
Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in all courts, court precincts and justice service points Government Notice R440 of 2020
Directions to facilitate the availability and use of digital technologies to combat the spread of COVID-19 Government Notice 417 of 2020
Directions to facilitate the availabilty and use of digital technologies to combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 451 of 2020
Directions to facilitate the availabilty and use of digital technologies to combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 516 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 Government Notice R430 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Board Notice 131 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1063 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 727 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 853 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R455 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R517 of 2020
Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 111 of 2021
Directive on Compensation for Workplace-Acquired Novel Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) General Notice 387 of 2020
Directives Regarding Business Licences and Trade Permits Government Notice 615 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Determination of Alert Level 1 Government Notice R151 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19 Government Notice 318 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19 Government Notice R480 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1011 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1053 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1104 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1199 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1290 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1346 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1370 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 1421 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 471 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 608-B of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 714 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 763 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 846 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 891-B of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 999 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1423 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1435 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R419 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R446 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R465 of 2020
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice 376 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1024 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R11 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R152 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1633 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1646 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1659 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R284 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R477 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R530 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R532 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R564 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R567 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R610 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R612 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R614 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R651 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R69 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R869 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R92 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R93 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R953 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R960 of 2021
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1715 of 2022
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1759 of 2022
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1915 of 2022
Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R1986 of 2022
Eleventh Amendment Directions to the Directions Government Notice 398 of 2021
Erratum to Adjusted Alert Level 3 Directions Government Notice 710 of 2021
Erratum to Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa: Amendment General Notice 371 of 2020
Explanatory Note on Regulations Issued 3 December 2020 Government Notice 1292 of 2020
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 1090 of 2020
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 1341 of 2020
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 646 of 2020
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 889 of 2020
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 995 of 2020
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 333 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1031 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R15 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1501 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1598 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1758 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R193 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R424 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R493 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R611 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R733 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R86 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R867 of 2021
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1672 of 2022
Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1875 of 2022
Fifth Amendment Directions to the Directions Published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 923 of 2020
Fourth Amendment Directions to the Directions published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 843 of 2020
Further Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 1225 of 2020
Further Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice 765 of 2020
Further Extension of the Date For Submission of the 2020/2021 Financial Year Applications for Mandatory Grants Government Notice 752 of 2020
Gatherings Relating to Sport, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 1062 of 2020
Gatherings Relating to Sport, Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 1 of 2021
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020 Government Notice 415 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 1032 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 1279 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 615 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 726 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 814 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 924 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 969 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 997 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions: Amendment Government Notice 423 of 2020
International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions: Amendment Government Notice 438 of 2020
Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Sea Ports Directions, 2020 Government Notice 496 of 2020
Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Sea Ports Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 1033 of 2020
Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Sea Ports Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 1280 of 2020
Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Sea Ports Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 895 of 2020
Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Air Freight Operations Directions, 2020 Government Notice 492 of 2020
Measures to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in the public transport services Government Notice 483 of 2020
Measures to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in the public transport services: Amendment Government Notice 495 of 2020
Measures to, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Cross-Border Road Transport, 2020 Government Notice 1034 of 2020
Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries: Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 Government Notice R439 of 2020
Ministry of Higher Education Science and Innovation: Direction to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Government Notice R468 of 2020
Ministry of Higher Education Science and Innovation: Direction to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Amendment Government Notice R478 of 2020
National Ports Act (COVID-19 Restrictions on the Movement of Persons and Crew) Directions, 2020 General Notice 216 of 2020
National Ports Act (COVID-19 Restrictions on the Movement of Persons and Crew) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 453-A of 2020
Ninth Amendment Directions to the Directions Published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 16 of 2021
Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID-19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Regulations, 2020 Government Notice 414 of 2020
Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Directions, 2020 Government Notice 494 of 2020
Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 536 of 2020
Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 613 of 2020
Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 950 of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020 Government Notice 412 of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020 Government Notice 493 of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 431-A of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 436 of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 454-A of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 504 of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice 614 of 2020
Public Transport Services Directions, 2020: Amendment Government Notice R587 of 2020
Reclassification of provincial disaster as a national disaster: Impact of severe weather events in various municipal areas of the KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and other provinces Government Notice R2028 of 2022
Regulations Regarding the Impact of Severe Electricity Supply Constraint, 2023 Government Notice R3095 of 2023
Resumption of Contact and Non-contact Sport and the Opening of Places and Premises for Arts and Culture Activities Government Notice 751 of 2020
Resumption of Professional Contact and Non-contact Sport Matches Government Notice 852 of 2020
Resumption of Sporting Activities, Arts and Culture Government Notice 943 of 2020
Revocation of the Classification of the Severe Electricity Supply Constraint as a National Disaster, 2023 Government Notice 3266 of 2023
Revocation of the classification of the COVID-19 pandemic as a national disaster Government Notice R1992 of 2022
Second Amendment Directions to the Directions published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 664 of 2020
Seventh Amendment Directions to the Directions Published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 1142 of 2020
Seventh Amendment Directions to the Directions Published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 (2) Government Notice 1277 of 2020
Sixth Amendment Directions to the Directions published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 1029 of 2020
Small business development: Directions to provide guidance on implementation of the provision of essential goods and services Government Notice R450 of 2020
Temporary measures in respect of entry into or exit out of the Republic in order to prevent and combat the spread of the COVID-19 Government Notice 416 of 2020
Temporary measures in respect of entry into or exit out of the Republic: Amendment Government Notice R518 of 2020
Tenth Amendment Directions to the Directions Government Notice 271 of 2021
Termination of the National State of Disaster (COVID-19) Government Notice R1988 of 2022
Termination of the National State of Disaster: Impact of Severe Electricity Supply Constraint, 2023 Government Notice 3265 of 2023
Third Amendment Directions to the Directions published in Government Gazette No. 43162, Government Notice No. 416 of 26 March 2020 Government Notice 749 of 2020
Thirteenth Amendment Directions to the Directions Government Notice 1800 of 2022
Twelfth Amendment Directions to the Directions Proclamation 36 of 2021
Water and Sanitation Emergency Procurement COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020 Government Notice 464 of 2020
Withdrawal of Various Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Government Notice 1438 of 2021
Withdrawal of various directions regarding measures to address, prevent and combat the spread of Covid-19 Government Notice 1914 of 2022

Documents citing this one 1222

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774. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-03-27 number 44339
775. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-03-29 number 44342
776. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-03-31 number 44381
777. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-04-14 number 44447
778. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-04-22 number 44485
779. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-04-23 number 44486
780. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-04-23 number 44488
781. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-05-28 number 44631
782. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-05-28 number 44633
783. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-06-28 number 44773
784. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-06-29 number 44779
785. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-07-05 number 44807
786. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-07-07 number 44814
787. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-07-09 number 44822 part 1
788. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-07-09 number 44824
789. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-07-15 number 44858
790. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-08-01 number 44922
791. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-08-03 number 44938
792. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-08-10 number 44950
793. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-10-08 number 45296
794. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-10-11 number 45302
795. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-10-22 number 45380
796. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-11-11 number 45458
797. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-12-09 number 45611
798. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2021-12-21 number 45697
799. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-01-14 number 45753
800. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-02-06 number 45877
801. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-02-25 number 45961
802. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-04-04 number 46172
803. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-04-04 number 46196
804. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-06-15 number 46549
805. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-08-31 number 46837
806. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-09-22 number 46932
807. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2022-12-15 number 47729 part 1
808. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2023-01-25 number 47911
809. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2023-02-09 number 48009
810. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2023-09-22 number 49325 part 1
811. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2023-11-07 number 49611
812. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2023-11-07 number 49612
813. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2023-12-22 number 49952
814. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-01-26 number 50027
815. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-02-16 number 50138 part 1
816. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-04-03 number 50430
817. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-05-27 number 50714
818. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-05-27 number 50715
819. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-06-03 number 50743
820. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-06-11 number 50805
821. South Africa Government Gazette dated 2024-07-18 number 50944
822. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2004-12-24 number 6197
823. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2006-04-07 number 6352
824. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2006-10-13 number 6387
825. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2007-08-07 number 6455
826. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2007-10-26 number 6474
827. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2008-03-14 number 6508
828. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2008-03-28 number 6511
829. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2008-04-25 number 6517
830. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2008-06-03 number 6529
831. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2008-06-27 number 6541
832. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2009-02-20 number 6605
833. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2009-06-12 number 6635
834. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2009-06-26 number 6638
835. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2009-11-13 number 6676
836. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2009-11-20 number 6677
837. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2009-11-27 number 6680
838. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2010-02-22 number 6698
839. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2010-05-28 number 6751
840. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2010-06-11 number 6757
841. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2010-06-25 number 6765
842. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2010-08-20 number 6778
843. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2011-05-27 number 6877
844. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2011-07-01 number 6886
845. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2012-01-27 number 6947
846. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2013-06-07 number 7134
847. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2013-06-28 number 7144
848. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2013-09-20 number 7174
849. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2013-12-13 number 7214
850. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2014-02-14 number 7230
851. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2014-04-02 number 7246
852. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2014-06-06 number 7273
853. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2014-06-13 number 7278
854. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2014-06-27 number 7282
855. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2014-11-11 number 7331
856. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-05-29 number 7396
857. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-06-12 number 7402
858. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-06-19 number 7406
859. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-08-28 number 7477
860. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-09-18 number 7491
861. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-12-04 number 7542
862. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2015-12-11 number 7544
863. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-02-05 number 7561
864. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-06-15 number 7633
865. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-07-15 number 7652
866. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-07-22 number 7654
867. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-08-10 number 7660
868. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-09-02 number 7673
869. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-09-16 number 7678
870. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-10-21 number 7691
871. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2016-11-25 number 7706
872. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-01-13 number 7714
873. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-02-10 number 7729
874. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-02-24 number 7735
875. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-03-03 number 7736
876. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-04-21 number 7760
877. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-05-24 number 7771
878. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-06-15 number 7782
879. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-06-23 number 7785
880. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-07-07 number 7789
881. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-07-21 number 7797
882. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-08-04 number 7801
883. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-08-11 number 7806
884. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-08-18 number 7809
885. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-08-21 number 7811
886. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-09-01 number 7816
887. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-09-15 number 7826
888. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-09-21 number 7829
889. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-09-29 number 7831
890. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-10-13 number 7836
891. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-10-20 number 7837
892. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-10-27 number 7838
893. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-11-03 number 7842
894. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-11-17 number 7847
895. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-11-24 number 7849
896. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-12-08 number 7854
897. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-12-15 number 7857
898. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2017-12-15 number 7858
899. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-01-12 number 7859
900. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-01-19 number 7864
901. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-01-26 number 7866
902. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-02-02 number 7874
903. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-02-09 number 7879
904. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-02-16 number 7881
905. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-02-21 number 7882
906. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-02-23 number 7883
907. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-03-02 number 7885
908. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-03-09 number 7894
909. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-03-16 number 7899
910. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-03-29 number 7904
911. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-04-06 number 7906
912. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-04-13 number 7913
913. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-04-20 number 7916
914. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-04-26 number 7918
915. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-05-11 number 7927
916. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-05-18 number 7930
917. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-01 number 7935
918. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-08 number 7938
919. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-15 number 7939
920. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-15 number 7941
921. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-15 number 7944
922. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-29 number 7946
923. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-06-29 number 7947
924. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-07-06 number 7952
925. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-07-13 number 7956
926. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-07-13 number 7958
927. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-07-20 number 7961
928. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-07-20 number 7962
929. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-07-27 number 7963
930. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-08-03 number 7965
931. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-08-17 number 7969
932. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-09-21 number 7981
933. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-09-28 number 7984
934. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-10-19 number 7993
935. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-11-02 number 7997
936. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-11-23 number 8009
937. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-11-30 number 8012
938. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2018-12-14 number 8024
939. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-01-11 number 8028
940. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-01-25 number 8031
941. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-02-08 number 8039
942. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-02-08 number 8042
943. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-02-22 number 8047
944. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-03-29 number 8070
945. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-04-26 number 8087
946. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-05-31 number 8102
947. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-06-10 number 8110
948. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-06-28 number 8115
949. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-07-26 number 8131
950. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-08-30 number 8142
951. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2019-10-01 number 8156
952. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2020-02-21 number 8208
953. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2020-11-26 number 8359
954. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2020-12-18 number 8369
955. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2021-01-07 number 8370
956. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2021-02-03 number 8378
957. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2021-05-28 number 8434
958. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2021-06-11 number 8445
959. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2021-07-09 number 8461
960. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2021-07-23 number 8466
961. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-01-18 number 8534
962. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-06-10 number 8607
963. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-06-10 number 8610
964. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-07-07 number 8627
965. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-07-29 number 8637
966. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-11-11 number 8679
967. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2022-11-28 number 8689
968. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2023-06-23 number 8780
969. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2023-07-14 number 8793
970. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2023-08-30 number 8818
971. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2023-11-03 number 8847
972. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2024-06-28 number 8946
973. Western Cape Provincial Gazette dated 2024-07-19 number 8957
Legislation 179
1. Social Assistance Act, 2004 105 citations
2. Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19 4 citations
3. Disaster Management Tax Relief Administration Act, 2020 2 citations
4. Directions on the Once-off Movement of Persons and the Transportation of Goods for Purposes of Relocation 1 citation
5. Western Cape Ambulance Services Act 1 citation
6. Adjusted Level 4 Directions for Older Persons’ Residential Facilities and Community Nutrition Development Centres
7. Alert Level 2: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities in the Republic of South Africa
8. COGTA COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020
9. COVID-19 Block Exemption for the Banking Sector, 2020
10. COVID-19 Block Exemption for the Healthcare Sector, 2020
11. COVID-19 Block Exemption for the Retail Property Sector, 2020
12. COVID-19 Occupational Health and Safety measures in workplaces COVID-19 (C19 OHS), 2020
13. COVID-19 Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme (C19 TERS) Direction, 2021
14. COVID-19 Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme (C19 TERS) Direction, 2021
15. Classification of a National Disaster
16. Code of Good Practice: Managing Exposure to SARS-CoV-2 in the Workplace
17. Competition Act: Regulations related to COVID-19
18. Competition Tribunal Rules for Covid-19 excessive pricing complaint referrals
19. Consolidated COVID-19 Direction on Health and Safety in the Workplace
20. Consolidated Direction on Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Certain Workplaces
21. Consolidated Directions on Occupational Health and Safety Measures in Certain Workplaces
22. Covid-19 Temporary Relief Scheme, 2020
23. Cross-Border Road Transport Special Dispensation (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of Cross-Border Road Transport Passengers) Directions, 2020
24. Customs and Excise Rules: Amendment
25. Declaration of Essential Services for purposes of COVID-19
26. Declaration of a National State of Disaster
27. Department of Arts and Culture: Directions regarding live streaming
28. Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19
29. Department of Health: Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Repealed
30. Department of Mineral Resources and Energy: Directions to Provide Guidance on the Implementation of the Provisions for Essential Goods and Services (2)
31. Department of Mineral Resources and Energy: Directions to provide guidance on the implementation of the provisions for essential goods and services
32. Department of Mineral Resources: Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 and to alleviate, contain and minimise the effects of the national state of disaster and for the protection and safety of persons
33. Department of Social Development: Adjusted Alert Level 3 Directions
34. Department of Social Development: Directions to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19
35. Department of Sports, Art and Culture: Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19
36. Department of Tourism: Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19
37. Department of Transport: Declaration of Essential Services for purposes of COVID-19
38. Department of Transport: Directions determining the Extension for the Validity Period of Operating Licence and Accreditation Certification for Public Transport Operators: for purposes of Lockdown (COVID-19)
39. Department of Transport: Directions on Sea Cargo Operations and Air Freight Operations
40. Determination of Alert Level
41. Determination of Alert Level
42. Determination of Alert Level
43. Determination of Alert Level
44. Determination of Alert Level
45. Determination of Alert Level 1
46. Determination of Alert Level 2
47. Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots
48. Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots in the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Gauteng Provinces
49. Determination of Alert Levels and Hotspots: Garden Route, Sarah Baartman and Nelson Mandela Bay
50. Determination of Correctional Facilities as Temporary Places of Detention of Illegal Foreigners Pending Deportation, for the Duration of the Period of the National State of Disaster
51. Determination of extension for the validity period of a learner's licence, driving licence card, licence disc, professional driving permit and registration of a motor vehicle Directions, 2020
52. Direction Extending COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employee
53. Direction Extending COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employees
54. Direction Providing COVID-19 TERS Benefits for Certain Categories of Employees
55. Direction by the Minister of Finance: Essential Financial Services
56. Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 at Sea Ports for Adjusted Alert Level 3
57. Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Air Services for Adjusted Alert Level 3
58. Direction on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the spread of COVID-19 at Sea Ports for Adjusted Alert Level 3
59. Directions Regarding Auctions and Sales in Execution Conducted by Sheriffs of the Court
60. Directions Regarding Livestock Auctions
61. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Pevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to National Environmental Management Permits and Licences (Alert Level 3)
62. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to Biodiversity Auctions
63. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to National Environmental Management Permits and Licences
64. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector
65. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector
66. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Biodiversity Sector (Alert Level 3)
67. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Forestry Sector (Alert Level 3)
68. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Freshwater and Marine Fishing Sectors
69. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 Relating to the Freshwater and Marine Fishing Sectors (Alert Level 3)
70. Directions Regarding Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Relation to Recycling of Waste
71. Directions Regarding e-Commerce Sales During Alert Level 4 of the COVID-19 National State of Disaster
72. Directions Regarding the Criteria to Guide the Determination of Alert Levels
73. Directions Regarding the National Criteria for the Phased-in Return to Campuses of Public and Private Higher Education Institutions
74. Directions Regarding the Phased Return of Children to Early Childhood Development Programmes and Partial Care Facilities
75. Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Department of Basic Education, All Provincial Education Departments, All Education District Offices and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa
76. Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and All Schools in the Republic of South Africa
77. Directions Regarding the Re-opening of Schools and Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all Schools in the Republic of South Africa
78. Directions Regarding the Sale of Cars and Emergency Automobile Repairs During Alert Level 4 of the COVID-19 National State of Disaster
79. Directions Regarding the Sale of Clothing, Footwear and Bedding During Alert Level 4 of the COVID-19 National State of Disaster
80. Directions Relating to Norms and Standards for Religious Gatherings
81. Directions Relating to Norms and Standards for Religious Gatherings
82. Directions Relating to Spatial Planning, Land Use Management and Land Development Processes
83. Directions for Alert Level 1, to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities in the Republic of South Africa
84. Directions for Re-opening of Institutions Offering Qualifications Registered on the Occupational Qualifications Sub-Framework (OQSF) as Part of a Risk-adjusted Strategy for a Phased-in Return of Skills Development Activities
85. Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Railway Operations for Adjusted Alert Level 3
86. Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services
87. Directions on Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Public Transport Services, 2020
88. Directions on Measures to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Cross-Border Road Transport Services
89. Directions on Risk Adjusted Strategy for Tourism Facilities, Services and Products
90. Directions on Taxi Relief Fund to Mitigate the Impact of COVID-19 in the Taxi Industry, 2021
91. Directions on Zero-rating of Content and Websites for Education and Health
92. Directions on a National Framework and Criteria for the Management of the 2021 Academic Year in Public and Private Higher Education Institutions
93. Directions on taxi relief fund towards the impact of COVID-19 in the taxi industry, 2021
94. Directions on the Determination of the Commencement of Services and Extension for the Validity Period of Learner's Licences, Driving Licence Cards, Licence Discs, Professional Driving Permits and the Registration of Motor Vehicles
95. Directions on the Once-off Movement of Persons and the Transportation of Goods for Purposes of Relocation
96. Directions on the Risk-Adjusted Strategy for the Communications and Digital Technologies Sector
97. Directions regarding call centres providing essential services
98. Directions regarding correctional centres and remand detention facilities
99. Directions regarding the full time return of learners to schools and measures to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in the National Department of Basic Education, and Provincial Departments of Education, and all schools in the Republic of South Africa
100. Directions relating to the movement of persons
101. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in All Courts, Court Precincts and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa (Adjusted Alert Level 3)
102. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in All Courts, Court Precincts and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa (Alert Level 3)
103. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in All Courts, Court Precincts and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa (Alert Level 4)
104. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities
105. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities
106. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Correctional Centres and Remand Detention Facilities in the Republic of South Africa
107. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Courts, Court Houses and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa
108. Directions to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in all Courts, Court houses and Justice Service Points in the Republic of South Africa
109. Directions to Assist Micro and Small Businesses Trading in Permitted Services, to Comply with the Regulations
110. Directions to Provide Protocols to Mitigate and Manage the COVID-19 Outbreak Amongst Employees and Customers in the Personal Care Services Industry (Alert Level 3)
111. Directions to Provide for the Continuous Supply of Energy and Petroleum Products and to Allow Maintenance and Construction Work for Energy Projects to Resume
112. Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in all courts, court precincts and justice service points
113. Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in all courts, court precincts and justice service points
114. Directions to facilitate the availability and use of digital technologies to combat the spread of COVID-19
115. Directions to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19
116. Directive on Compensation for Workplace-Acquired Novel Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19)
117. Directives Regarding Business Licences and Trade Permits
118. Disaster Management Act: Determination of Alert Level 1
119. Disaster Management Act: Regulations relating to COVID-19
120. Dolomite Risk Management
121. Exemption from Act and regulations
122. Exemption from Act and regulations
123. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
124. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
125. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
126. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
127. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
128. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
129. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
130. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
131. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
132. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
133. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
134. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
135. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
136. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
137. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
138. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
139. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
140. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
141. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
142. Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
143. Extension of the Period for Compliance With the Regulations for the Protection of the Karoo Central Astronomy Advantage Areas
144. Further Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
145. Further Extension of a National State of Disaster (COVID-19)
146. Guideline for the Compilation of a Mandatory Code of Practice for the Mitigation and Management of COVID-19 Outbreak
147. ICT COVID-19 National State of Disaster Regulations, 2021
148. International Air Services (COVID-19 Restrictions on the movement of air travel) Directions, 2020
149. Mandating of a COVID-19 Short Code for the National Emergency Services, 2020
150. Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in the Sea Ports Directions, 2020
151. Measures to Address, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19: Air Freight Operations Directions, 2020
152. Measures to prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19 in the public transport services
153. Measures to, Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19 in Cross-Border Road Transport, 2020
154. Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries: Directions to address, prevent and combat the spread of COVID-19
155. Ministry of Higher Education Science and Innovation: Direction to Prevent and Combat the Spread of COVID-19
156. National Bargaining Council for the Electrical Industry of South Africa: extension to non-parties of the COVID-19 lockdown collective agreement
157. National Ports Act (COVID-19 Restrictions on the Movement of Persons and Crew) Directions, 2020
158. Notice of Expiration of Rebate Certificates
159. Notice of Expiration of VAT Certificate Issued in Terms of Schedule 1(8) of the Value Added Tax Act 89 of 1991
160. Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID-19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Regulations, 2020
161. Preventative Measures in the Railway Operations (COVID19 Control Measures on the Operations by Rail) Directions, 2020
162. Property Rates
163. Property Rates
164. Property Rates
165. Public Road and Miscellaneous
166. Public Transport Services Directions, 2020
167. Public Transport Services Directions, 2020
168. Rates
169. Rates
170. Regulations Regarding the Impact of Severe Electricity Supply Constraint, 2023
171. Regulations relating to COVID-19 Block Exemption for the Hotel Industry, 2020
172. Revocation of the classification of the COVID-19 pandemic as a national disaster
173. Scheduled Activities
174. Small business development: Directions to provide guidance on implementation of the provision of essential goods and services
175. Temporary measures in respect of entry into or exit out of the Republic in order to prevent and combat the spread of the COVID-19
176. The ICT COVID-19 National Disaster Regulations
177. Water
178. Water Services
179. Water and Sanitation Emergency Procurement COVID-19 Disaster Response Directions, 2020
Judgment 70
1. Pheko and Others v Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality [2011] ZACC 34 (6 December 2011) 17 citations
2. Minister of Tourism and Others v Afriforum NPC and Another [2023] ZACC 7 (8 February 2023) 13 citations
3. Schubart Park Residents' Association and Others v City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality and Another [2012] ZACC 26 (9 October 2012) 11 citations
4. Duwayne Esau and Others v Minister of Co-Operative Governance and Traditional Affairs and Others (611/2020) [2021] ZASCA 9 (28 January 2021) 8 citations
5. Esorfranki Pipelines (Pty) Ltd and Another v Mopani District Municipality and Others (40/2013) [2014] ZASCA 21 (28 March 2014) 7 citations
6. Nokotyana and Others v Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality and Others [2009] ZACC 33 (19 November 2009) 7 citations
7. Democratic Alliance in re Electoral Commission of South Africa v Minister of Cooperative Governance and Others [2021] ZACC 30 (20 September 2021) 6 citations
8. Slabbert N.O. and Others v Ma-Afrika Hotels (Pty) Ltd t/a Rivierbos Guest House (772/2021) [2022] ZASCA 152 (4 November 2022) 5 citations
9. Solidariteit Helpende Hand NPC and Others v Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (104/2022) [2023] ZASCA 35 (31 March 2023) 5 citations