Electricity Supply By-law, 2023
- Published in Western Cape Provincial Gazette 8809 on 11 August 2023
- Commenced on 11 August 2023
- [This is the version of this document from 11 August 2023.]
1. DefinitionsIn this by-law, the English text shall prevail in the event of an inconsistency between the different texts, and unless the context otherwise indicates:—“accredited person” means a person registered in terms of the Regulations as an electrical tester for single phase, an installation electrician or a master installation electrician, as the case may be;“applicable standard specification” means—SANS 1019 Standard voltage-, currentsand insulation levels for electricity supplySANS 1607 Electromechanical watt-hour meters,SANS 1524 Parts 0,1 & 2 - Electricity dispensing systems,SANS IEC 60211 Maximum demand indicators, Class 1.0,SANS IEC 60521 Alternating current electromechanical watt-hour meter (Classes 0.5, 1 & 2),SANS 0142 Code of practice for the wiring of premises,NRS 047 National Rationalized Specification for the Electricity Supply - Quality of Service,NRS 048 National Rationalized Specification for the Electricity Supply - Quality of Supply,NRS 057 South African National Standard Code of Practice for Electricity Metering, andNRS 097 Grid Interconnection of Embedded Generators;“certificate of compliance” means a certificate issued in terms of the Regulations in respect of an electrical installation or part of an electrical installation by an accredited person;“consumer” in relation to premises means:(a)any occupier thereof or any other person with whom the municipality has contracted to supply or is actually supplying electricity thereat; or(b)if such premises are not occupied, any person who has a valid existing agreement with the municipality for the supply of electricity to such premises; or(c)if there is no such person or occupier, the owner of the premises;“credit meter” means a meter where an account is issued subsequent to the consumption of electricity;“electrical contractor” means an electrical contractor as defined in the Regulations;“electrical installation” means an electrical installation as defined in the Regulations;“embedded generation systems” means electrical power generation units connected directly to the distribution system or connected to the distribution system on the customer side of the meter;“ERA” means the Electricity Regulation Act, Act 4 of 2006;“high voltage” means the set of nominal voltage levels that are used in power systems for bulk transmission of electricity in the range of 44kV<Un < 220 kV. [SANS 1019];“low voltage” means the set of nominal voltage levels that are used for the distribution of electricity and whose upper limit is generally accepted to be an a.c. voltage of 1000V (or a d.c. voltage of 1500 V). [SANS 1019];“the law” means any applicable law, proclamation, ordinance, act of parliament or enactment having force of law;“medium voltage” means the set of nominal voltage levels that he above low voltage and below high voltage in the range of 1 kV < Un < 44 kV. [SANS 1019];“meter” means a device which records the demand or the electrical energy consumed and includes conventional and prepayment meters;“motor load, total connected” means the sum total of the kW input ratings of all the individual motors connected to an installation;“motor rating” means the maximum continuous kW output of a motor as stated on the maker's rating plate;“motor starting current” in relation to alternating current motors means the root mean square value of the symmetrical current taken by a motor when energized at its rated voltage with its starter in the starting position and the rotor locked;“municipality” means the municipality of Swartland, established in terms of Section 12 of the Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998, and includes any political structure, political office bearer, councillor, duly authorised agent or any employee acting in connection with this by-law by virtue of a power vested in the municipality and delegated or sub-delegated to such political structure, political office bearer, councillor, agent or employee;“occupier” in relation to any premises means—(a)any person in actual occupation of such premises;(b)any person legally entitled to occupy such premises;(c)in the case of such premises being subdivided and let to lodgers or various tenants, the person receiving the rent payable by such lodgers or tenants, whether on his own account or as agent for any person entitled thereto or interested therein, or(d)any person in control of such premises or responsible for the management thereof, and includes the agent of any such person when he or she is absent from the Republic of South Africa or his/her whereabouts are unknown;“owner” in relation to premises means the person in whom is vested the legal title thereto; provided that—(a)in the case of immovable property—(i)leased for a period of not less than 50 years, whether the lease is registered or not, the lessee thereof, or(ii)beneficially occupied under a servitude or right analogous thereto, the occupier thereof;(b)if the owner as hereinbefore defined—(i)is deceased or insolvent, has assigned his estate for the benefit of his creditors, has been placed under curatorship by order of court or is a company being wound up or under judicial management, the person in whom the administration of such property is vested as executor, administrator, trustee, assignee, curator, liquidator or judicial manager, as the case may be, or(ii)is absent from the Republic of South Africa, or if his address is unknown to the municipality, any person who as agent or otherwise receives or is entitled to receive the rent in respect of such property, and(iii)if the municipality is unable to determine who such person is, the person who is entitled to the beneficial use of such property,shall be deemed to be the owner thereof to the exclusion of the person in whom is vested the legal title thereto;“point of consumption” means a point of consumption as defined in the Regulations;“point of metering” means the point at which the consumer's consumption of electricity is metered and which may be at the point of supply or at any other point on the distribution system of the municipality or the electrical installation of the consumer, as specified by the municipality or any duly authorised official of the municipality; provided that it shall meter all of, and only, the consumer's consumption of electricity;“point of supply” means the point determined by the municipality or any duly authorised official of the municipality at which electricity is supplied to any premises by the municipality;“premises” means any land or any building or structure above or below ground level and includes any vehicle, aircraft or vessel;“prepayment meter” means a meter that can be programmed to allow the flow of pre-purchased amounts of energy in an electrical circuit;“Regulations” means Regulations made in terms of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993), as amended;“safety standard” means the Code of Practice for the Wiring of Premises SANS 10142-1 incorporated in the Regulations;“service connection” means all cables and equipment required to connect the supply mains to the electrical installation of the consumer at the point of supply;“service protective device” means any fuse or circuit breaker installed for the purpose of protecting the municipality’s equipment from overloads or faults occurring on the installation or on the internal service connection;“standby supply” means an alternative electricity supply not normally used by the consumer;“supply mains” means any part of the municipality’s electricity network;“tariff” means the municipality’s tariff for the supply of electricity;“token” means the essential element of a prepayment metering system used to transfer information from a point of sale for electricity credit to a prepayment meter and vice versa;“voltage” means the root-mean-square value of electrical potential between two conductors; and “wheeling of electricity” means the transportation of electric power over transmission lines from where it is generated to where it is consumed by making use of a third party’s electricity network.
General conditions of supply
2. Provision of electricity services
3. Electricity supplyNo person may use or be entitled to use an electricity supply from the municipality without approval of the municipality.
4. Connection of electrical generation equipment
5. Wheeling of electricityNo person may generate electricity by way of a fixed electrical installation and feed into the municipal electricity distribution network unless an agreement has been concluded with the municipality, and such agreement together with the provisions of this by-law, as well as any other legislation governing the licensing of generators, shall govern such generation of electricity.
6. Service of notice
7. Compliance with noticesAny person on whom a notice duly issued or given under this by-law must, within the time specified in such notice, comply with its terms.
8. Application for electricity supply
9. Processing of requests for supplyApplications for the supply of electricity must be processed and the supply made available within the periods stipulated in NRS 047.
11. Statutory Servitude
12. Right of admittance to inspect, test or do maintenance work
13. Refusal or failure to give informationNo person may refuse or fail to give information that may be reasonably required of him or her by an authorised official of the municipality or render any false information regarding any electrical installation work completed or contemplated.
14. Refusal of admittanceNo person may willfully hinder, obstruct, interfere with or refuse admittance to any authorised official of the municipality in the performance of his duty under this by-law.
15. Improper use
16. Electricity tariffsCopies of tariffs may be obtained free of charge at the offices of the municipality.
17. DepositsThe municipality reserves the right to require the consumer to deposit a sum of money as security in payment of any tariff which is due or may become due to the municipality.
18. Payment of tariffs
19. Interest on overdue accountsThe municipality may charge interest on arrear accounts in terms of its Credit Control and Debt Collection Policy.
20. The resale of electricity
21. Right to disconnect supply
22. Non-liability of the municipality
23. Leakage of electricityNo rebate shall be allowed in respect of electricity wasted owing to leakage or any other fault in the electrical installation.
24. Failure of supply
25. Seals of the municipalityThe meter, service protective devices and all apparatus belonging to the municipality shall be sealed or locked by a duly authorised official of the municipality, and no person shall in any manner or for any reason whatsoever remove, break, deface, or tamper or interfere with such seals or locks.
26. Tampering with service connection or supply mains
27. Protection of municipality’s supply mains
28. Prevention of tampering with service connection or supply mainsIf the municipality decides that it is necessary or desirable to take precautions in order to prevent tampering with any portion of the supply mains, service connection or service protective device or meter or metering equipment, the consumer shall either supply and install the necessary protection or pay the costs involved where such protection is supplied by the municipality.
29. Unauthorised connections
30. Unauthorised re-connections
31. Temporary disconnection and re-connection
32. Temporary suppliesIf electricity supply is found to interfere with the efficient and economical supply to other consumers, the municipality may, with notice, or under exceptional circumstances without notice, terminate such temporary supply at any time and the municipality shall not be liable for any loss or damage occasioned by the consumer by such termination.
33. Temporary work
34. Load reduction
35. High, medium and low voltage switchgear and equipment
36. Substation accommodation
37. Wiring diagram and specification
38. Standby supply
39. Consumer’s emergency standby supply and generating equipment
40. Circular lettersThe municipality may issue circulars detailing its requirements regarding matters not specifically covered in the Regulations or this by-law but which are necessary for the safe, efficient operation and management of the supply of electricity.
Responsibilities of consumers
41. Consumer to erect and maintain electrical installationAny electrical installation connected or to be connected to the supply mains, and any additions or alterations thereto shall be provided and maintained by the consumer at his own expense and in accordance with this by-law and the Regulations.
42. Fault in electrical installation
43. Discontinuance of use of supplyA consumer who wishes to discontinue the electricity supply must give at least two full working days' notice in writing.
44. Change of occupier
45. Service apparatus
Specific conditions of supply
46. Service connection
47. Metering accommodation
Systems of supply
48. Load requirementsAlternating current supplies shall be given as prescribed by the Electricity Act, 1987 (Act 41 of 1987), and in the absence of a quality of supply agreement, as set out in applicable standard specification.
49. Load limitations
50. Interference with other persons’ electrical equipment
51. Supplies to motorsUnless otherwise approved by the municipality the rating of motors shall be limited as follows:
The starting current of three-phase low voltage motors permitted shall be related to the capacity of the consumer's service connection, as follows:
|Insulated service cable, size in mm2, copper equivalent||Maximum permissible starting current||Maximum motor rating in kW|
|Direct on line (6x full-load current)||Star/Delta (2,5 x full-load current)||Other means (1,5 x full-load current)|