Applications for refugee status – duty on decision-maker to assist asylum seeker to obtain as full a picture as possible on which to predicate a decision – information and evidence to be gathered or acquired in terms of the provisions of the Refugees Act 130 of 1998, the regulations and in accordance with the UNHCR Handbook – regard to be had to the provisions of both s 3(a) and 3(b) of the Act – persecution too narrowly viewed – onus to show that statutory requirements met on applicant but has to be viewed with regard to a range of factors – applicant must be afforded an opportunity to con

Civil procedure – application for leave to appeal referred for oral argument in terms of s 17(2)(f) of Superior Courts Act 10 of 2013 – costs order – whether the Land Claims Court’s order depriving the applicants of their fees was warranted – leave granted and appeal upheld.

Partly oral and partly written agreements – whether the terms of the oral parts of the agreements included an obligation on the part of the defendant to commission the equipment it had sold to the plaintiff – whether the oral parts of the agreements offended the parol evidence rule.

Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (DMA) – validity of direction made by Minister of Tourism under the DMA for the provision of funds from the Tourism Relief Fund to defined types of businesses in the tourism industry – purpose of Funds to mitigate the impact of Covid-19 – Minister of Tourism not obliged by s 10(1)(e) of the Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Act 53 of 2003 to make eligibility criteria subject to Tourism Sector Code in terms of the Act – Minister committed error of law.

Extradition Act 67 of 1962 – validity of arrest in terms of s 5(1)(b) of the Act – whether officials gave an undertaking not to arrest the appellant – whether any such undertaking was capable of binding the State – whether undertaking invalidates an arrest pursuant to an otherwise valid warrant.

University language policy — phasing out of Afrikaans as a language of teaching and learning — limitation of section 29(2) of the Constitution — justification required